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Was the Weimar Republic doomed from very beginning?

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Introduction

Was the Weimar Republic doomed from very beginning? The Weimar Republic was created in 1918 when the Germans realised that they were going to lose the war. The Germans were shocked that they had lost the war and created this democratic republic to try and solve the economic and social problems caused by the war. However it was not very successful, and I am going to write about the three main factors that caused it to collapse. One of the reasons was the legacy left behind from WWI. Germany was traditionally an autocracy and were therefore used to having one strong leader of the whole country. A democracy was a radical new idea and was therefore not accepted by everyone. This meant that if there were any problems while the democratic government was in power then people would be quick to assume that the democracy as a whole was not working. The Treaty of Versailles also contributed to the collapse of the Weimar Republic. This treaty was a very embarrassing one for Germany as it meant that they lost a lot of land and would be demilitarised. ...read more.

Middle

This also meant that there was conflict between the army and the government as they blamed each other for Germany's defeat in the Great War. Another reason was the German Revolutions. The Revolution from Above occurred during September and October of 1918. Generals from the army recommended a civilian government and an armistice. A new civilian government was formed with Prince Max of Baden leading it. Some reforms were made however they were not enough to satisfy the German public. Leaving unrest and anger in among the people due to the economic problems and worry about the war. As the German people were expecting and were promised victory in the war when they found out they were going to lose they were very angry and felt betrayed by their government and army. This unrest is what caused the Revolution from Below. This revolution occurred during October and November of 1918 and during which sailors mutinied and the great discontent and anger grew. The revolution forced Prince Max of Baden to hand over the chancellorship to Ebert, who was a socialist, and the Kaiser to abdicate and flee to Holland leaving a Republic to be formed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although this idea seemed fair it did have many disadvantages that caused more difficulties for the Weimar government. It meant that it was very unlikely for one party to win a majority forcing coalition governments to be formed. It also meant that minority parties with extremist views could gain seats and get their say in the National Assembly. This was a problem for the Weimar government as it meant radical, extremist groups were getting more power. The constitution included the principle of a welfare state. This meant that the Elites could turn against the constitution as they saw it as too extreme. The workers could also have turned against the constitution as they saw it as too moderate. The government and their constitution could not please everyone and this was one of the main factors that led to their collapse. In conclusion I feel that from the very beginning the Weimar Republic had many problems to deal with, such as the legacy of the first World War, however I also feel that they created many problems during their time in power as well which were more important in causing their collapse such as the Weimar constitution. ...read more.

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