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Was Trotskys leadership the main reason for the Bolsheviks success in the Civil War?

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Vy Do 11H.2 Was Trotsky?s leadership the main reason for the Bolshevik?s success in the Civil War? After three years of fighting, the Bolsheviks emerged from the Civil War victorious in 1921. A number of factors contributed to their success. Trotsky?s leadership played a crucial role in the Bolshevik?s success. Trotsky was appointed Commissar for War in 1918; he restored discipline and professionalism to the Red Army and turned it into an effective fighting force. This lead to the army defeating the Whites and eventually winning the Civil War. Trotsky also re-established the death penalty and kept their families hostage to ensure the soldiers remained loyal. Soldiers did not abandon their units and with Trotsky?s success in establishing discipline, he was able to rally his men; personally leading this forces to the front line, pushing them to fight harder in order to help the Bolsheviks win the Civil War. ...read more.


The Bolshevik?s propaganda coup further assisted the Bolsheviks victory. The Bolsheviks presented themselves as defenders of Russian soil against the foreign forces and therefore gained a lot of support from the Russian people when Britain, France and the USA intervened in the Civil War. The foreign intervention had raised the support for the Reds as the peasants were against fighting for the countries that wanted to bring Russia back into WW1, and so supported the Bolsheviks. This added to the strong Red Army as their increased support and morale within their troops had in turn brought more resources such as food and weapons. The White?s weaknesses are further highlighted through the geographical distances between their army. The Reds, who occupied the central regions of Russia, were easily able to overpower the dispersed Whites. ...read more.


The White?s military weaknesses also played a fundamental part in the Red?s success, as their disorganisation and lack of discipline was arguably the most important factor. This had allowed Trotsky to lead his army into success as they strongly outnumbered their opponents and displayed professionalism and organisation. This had also led to the White?s inability to communicate with one another due to the lack of trust between the generals. Had the White?s army not been so weak, they would have been able to use the support from the foreign powers to their advantage and to rally up support and build up a stronger army to overpower the Reds. Consequently, the White?s army had been so weak, that the Bolsheviks were easily able to overcome the little threat they opposed. ...read more.

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