• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Weaknesses of League of Nations

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the League of Nations fail to achieve its aims? To begin with, one major weakness of the league was its inability or failure to work by their principles. Self-determination a core principle in their reason for existence was practised. This is apparent in the example of Germany and Poland wanting Upper Silesia. Even though the majority of the population in a plebiscite showed that they wanted to be with Germany, the League of Nations did not allow this to happen. They split Upper Silesia into two instead. This angered many Germans as they were of the opinion that they had been denied self-determination. This caused much distrust and animosity towards the league as they had evidently not followed their own principle. They were seen as hypocrites and these negative emotions being felt towards them resulted in people being less willing to work with or obey the league. ...read more.

Middle

For example, when Italy attacked Abyssinia in 1935, the League of Nations did not use those sanctions to force Italy to back down as B retain and France were afraid of provoking Italy into allying with Germany. Thus, we can see that failure to exercise their authority properly was a major weakness as it allowed aggressors to get their way. Also, the League of Nations lacked the military forces. This was a weakness and it is patent in the example of Italy against Greece over the Corfu. The league could not do anything to remove Italy as they had no military forces to do so. Thus, this became a weakness as other countries no longer cared about the League of Nations as they know that the League of Nations would not and could not use force against them. Next, the membership factor of the League of Nations was another weakness. ...read more.

Conclusion

The constant shift in members made the League unstable and weak as the members could just quit when they were not willing to obey the League and just simply join back when they will. Lastly, the League of Nations was also weak because its leading members were preoccupied with protecting their own interests. This was clearly seen when Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931. All the League did was to send the Lytton Commission and morally condemned Japan. As seen above, Japan walked out of the conference and completed the conquest of Manchuria. The question of economic sanction was never raised because the Great Depression had already damaged worlds trade and Britain and France were themselves having serious economic problems. They were reluctant to impose a trade boycott of Japan as it would certainly affect them economically. Therefore, the desire of member countries to preserve their own self interests weakened the League since it meant that the League lack strong support and commitment from its member. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. The failure of the League of Nations

    They also began to rebuild their own armaments. The disarmament struggled on for another year but it finally ended in 1934. The disarmament conference failed for a number of reasons one was because no one was really serious about disarming to begin with. But it didn't help that in 1935 the British sealed an agreement with the Germans

  2. ATHENS & THE DELIAN LEAGUE

    aggression that she was willing to show in order to uphold her authority. Though she was legally in the right by warning both Naxos and other allies of the consequences of their actions, Athens had used harsh treatment to for fill the needs of the league - 'This was the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work