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Weapons used in the First World War

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Introduction

Sub question: What weapons were used in the trenches ? Paragraphs * -Introduction * -Machine guns * -Rifles * -Pistols * -Gases * -Tanks * -Artillery * -Conclusion Introduction: Weapons are the most important thing in war. Each different country had their specific weapon but they all had some little things in common that made all the weapons look like each other. All countries had about the same weapons but with different names and some had some extra inventions so they could kill better. The weapons were more effective for defense than for offence especially in the trenches. It also was a bit a competition about who is going to produce the best weapons but also the war can be decided about this, also the amount of weapons manufactured by the factories in the countries could determine this. But I'll start with the Machine guns. Machine guns: Machine guns were one of the main killers in the war. A single man almost had no chance against it. Machine guns could fire about 400-600 bullets per minute. The most guns used water cooling so that it would not over heat that easily. These weapons were used earlier and weren't really new. ...read more.

Middle

The French also came with a revolver called the "Pistole Revolveur modele 1892". This pistol was about the same as the revolver and also in this case they preferred the Lugar. Gases: The Germans again came with the new weapon, Chlorine gas. It was used for the first time in the battle of Ypres when they fired it to the French, they thought that it was smoke screen and it smelled like pepper with pineapple, they didn't know that it was dangerous and got pain in their chest and their throats started burning... that lead to death. But it wasn't really smart to use it because if the wind started to blow to your direction the gas would come back and that German Gas Attack will lead to suicide. After that they started to use mustard gas which was the most devastating gas. This gas was put into artillery shells like the Chlorine gas and be fired to the enemy and would cause many things that lead to death again within 5 weeks. You couldn't smell it and it would take effect after 12 hours. The effects of the gas were bleedings inside your body and on your body, your lungs would be affected badly, your eyes will start to irritate and hurt very badly and Tanks: These weren't really used at the beginning but came in 1916. ...read more.

Conclusion

Especially artillery were used in the trenches as it was effective and could wipe out the enemy easily but the enemy used it also so it took longer than expected. Rifles were used the most if look at main hand weapons so weapons that were carries along with the soldiers again here there weren't many differences but many though that the German rifle was the best. The tanks were the most different as the Germans only had 20 tanks available the French had about 4000 tanks available also the Brits had about 2000 tanks so that was the main difference. The gases started with the Germans, the British and French started to use them too but after some moments they found out that their own men were dying from it and the three countries stopped using them. The pistols had also some difference. The German had the Lugars and the British and French used Revolvers, but if they had the possibility they used found Lugars, because these were easier to handle so the Germans made the better weapon in this case again. So many weapons were used, mainly artillery, the countries had about the same weapon types so the weapons were a bit identical. List of used sources: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/launch_vt_wwone_trench.shtml http://www.firstworldwar.com/timeline/index.htm http://hubpages.com/hub/World_War_1_Trench_Warfare http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW1/trenches.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trench_warfare http://www.wfa-usa.org/new/links.cfm http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/rifles.htm http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/year9links/wwi/wwiweapons.pdf http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/tanks.htm ?? ?? ?? ?? Arjun xxxxxxx XXX History Assignment ...read more.

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