• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Weimar Republic

Extracts from this document...


What Problems did the Weimar Republic Face From 1918 to 1923? In 1919, the Kaiser had gone from Germany which brought a new democratic government to arrive- The Weimar Republic. It was led by Socialist leader 'Friedrich Ebert'. As soon as he became leader, he signed an armistice (peace agreement) with the Allies, the war was then over. He told Germans that the new Republic would be able to offer them a freedom of speech, freedom of worship and better working conditions. Germany use to be under a dictatorship which meant they were ruled by one leader who was The Kaiser; But when he had gone, the government wanted Germany to be under democracy so that it would let the people of Germany have their own rights and freedom. This Republic suffered from many problems after the war had ended. One of the problems they suffered was Hyperinflation. This was when the government printed off more money after the devastation of the war and the problems from the treaty of Versailles. But instead of it becoming a success, it became more of a failure to the German society and economy. Also, Political fighting and bloodshed occurred during arguments over both political parties the Left and Right. When the Treaty of Versailles was established and signed, it created enormous problems for Germany; Germany was in chaos. ...read more.


This was what was known as the Munich Putsch. Hitler had ex-soldiers with him including SA (Brown shirts) Leader Ernst Rohm working in a Private Army. Hitler was jailed for 5 years but only served 9 months for persuading the Judge and arguing for Germany's rights. Also, the judge that served Hitler that trial was the exact same judge who tried him for disorder 2 years ago, he got released twice. So it seemed that the members in the Right Wing had many friends working in high places. The Party's and Hitler's main phrase was; 'Germany for the Germans'. In 1921, Germany had paid �50 million worth of reperations to France but at the end of 1922, nothing was paid which meant France received nothing from Germany. France was not at all happy and they also had war debts to pay back to USA which made them more frustrated. So early in January 1923, France decided to invade The Ruhr which is on the border between Germany and France. Its steel works and railways are very crucial to Germany and its economy. Belgian and French troops entered the Ruhr (legally under the treaty) and took what they were owed (materials and goods). In a total, approximately 132 Germans lost their lives by French soldiers. The whole of Germany where furious for what had happened; which created more instability for the Weimar Republic. ...read more.


In my opinion, I thought that the main problem for the Weimar Republic was Hyperinflation. This is because of the huge devastation which struck Germany because of Hyperinflation. During 1923 just after the war had ended and the problems of the treaty had begun, Germans were devastated. The government then decided to print more money off hoping to help Germany but it did not. The wages and prices of goods rose when more money was being printed off. For example in Berlin, the cost of bread at the year if 1918 was 0.63 marks and at November of 1923, the cost of bread increased to an enormous value of 201,000,000,000 marks! Also in 1921, the equivalent amount of marks to �1 would be 500 marks and at the year of 1923, �1 then was equivalent to 14,000,000,000,000 marks! Workers needed wheelbarrows to take home their wages and wages had to be paid daily soon instead of weekly. The German Mark became worthless to everyone. Those who had savings lost everything; all money that they had saved up for a new house, goods etc then would not even be able to get them one loaf of bread! It got so bad that children were playing with money by the millions! The pensioners also suffered, Pensioners found that their monthly pension would not even been able to buy a cup of coffee. Overall, Germany suffered a terrible period not being able to purchase simple products such as a loaf of bread! ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    over a hundred people; * At the event, he displayed his oratorical skills. KD Bracher "Hitler, in the narrow circle of this small party, developed organisational and speaking talents which within a short span of time carved out a special place for his party among the radical Right sectarians of Munich."

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    wiped out, and they tended to be professionals who depended on cash payments, and, in a crisis like this, there was less demand for their services, e.g. doctors, teachers, lawyers. Unemployment was rising and there was a high level of discontent within society.

  1. What were the main problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23?

    The army was very conservative and never really supported Weimar as they wished to remain neutral and there was also opposition from institutions. The Freikorps were becoming an increasing threat to society and the survival of the Republic - they secretly hid weapons for fighting Communists and to take part

  2. The NaziState, Economy and Society.

    Family social services improved. Nazi women's organisations and youth groups also widened the experiences of some working class women. Nazi Culture. A contradiction in terms. Unlike Italian Fascism Nazism untouched by any artistic modernism. In a play by Hanns Johst written in 1934 a line appears which asserts: 'whenever I hear the word culture, I reach for my gun'.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face between 1919 and 1923?

    Germany lost Alsace-Lorraine to France in the agreement, this was an industrial area and vital to Germany's economy because it was an iron and steel producer. By loosing the district, Germany lost the profits from the land and also

  2. Why did the Weimar Republic face so many problems 1918 - 1923?

    The next problem the government faced was dealing with the two extremist groups - right wing nationalists on one end of the scale, and left wing communists on the other. A number of uprisings were held, mainly in Berlin. The left wing communists wanted a full scale revolution (like in Russia 1917).

  1. Discuss the fortunes of Germany during the Weimar Republic 1919 - 1923.

    The American banks now called in their short-term loans and no institution was willing to grant any more. There was therefore no money to fuel the German economy, while reparations (albeit reduced by the Young Plan) continued to drain badly-needed capital from the country.

  2. How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and ...

    had adamantly refused to allow 'Reichswehr [to] fire on Reichswehr,? or genuinely aid Ebert, was soon appointed chief of army command, and the judiciary was surprisingly lenient toward all those involved in Kapp?s right-wing revolt, finding guilty only one of 705 prosecuted[1].

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work