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Were contempories correct in regarding president Kennedy as the saviour of the western world?

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Introduction

Were contempories correct in regarding president Kennedy as the saviour of the western world? The Cuban missile crisis By Ben Paul The Cuban missile crisis happened during the cold war between the two super-powers America and USSR. In october 1962 an American U2 spyplane flying over cuba took photos of missile silos. President John.F. Kennedy then had to decide how to protect America without causing mutually assured destruction. He decided against an invasion of Cuba and proceeded to blockade Cuba from USSR ships, these ships were carrying parts for the intermediate range missiles to Cuba. There were days of world tension before the blockade worked, and nuclear war was averted. When Kennedy was appointed as president, he promised the USA that he would protect freedom. People believed in him as he portrayed himself as an heroic figure and was already a war hero of the USA. His inaugural speach in January 1961 says what sort of president he wanted to be: "Let every nation know, whether it wishes well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and success of liberty" This source shows president Kennedy was intent on defending freedom, and, help any other country that risked losing it's liberty. ...read more.

Middle

We on our part would agree to remove the blockade" (Kennedy) "I regard with respect and trust.......that there would be no invasion of Cuba. It is for this reason that we have stopped building missile facilities." (Khrushchev) This shows Kennedy's reply to the reasonable letter and Khrushchev responding by agreeing to remove the missiles which then started to diffuse the situation and help stop the crisis. Yes, Kennedy deserves his reputation if you compare it to Khrushchev, he has lost credibility with his own people, even in Russia it looked as though Kennedy had won. It also caused Russia to fail in relationships with other large communist powers like China. "Khrushchev's back down over Cuba lost him support at home....relationship with China suffered as a consequence of the Cuban Missile Crisis." The communist goverment was very secretive and did not give it's people all the facts. No free press and media in Russia to build up Khrushchev's reputation as Kennedy's had been by U.S media. China felt communism had been let down by Khrushchev's mishandling of the crisis, and, during October 1964 Khrushchev was sacked. To be a saviour of world peace Kennedy needed to preserve future peace. The crisis showed how easy nuclear war could be started, so Kennedy started the process of detente. ...read more.

Conclusion

The idea to quarentine Cuba came from Robert Mcnamara and Maxwell Taylor. "Kennedy was initially in favour of bombing Cuba....The president is in a grave situation and does not know how to get out of it" We only know this now because of official documents later released. It was not known at the time because it would of damaged Kennedys reputation. While the president was standing firm, his brother Robert Kennedy was making an unofficial deal with the Russian ambassador. "The conversation between Robert kennedy and the ambassador, Anatoly Dobrynin was the key to the solution of the crisis" This was not made public at the time, it was kept secret for 25 years. If it had been made public then there would of been no unbalance in the reputations of the two leaders. Kennedys actions during the Cuban Missile Crisis did not end the cold war or solve the threat of nuclear war. However, he did play a part in the decrease in threat, but had he not done certain things then there would have been no threat in the first place. Kennedy had not changed policy towards Cuba or listened to some of Khrushchev's propositions, had he done this then there would have been little or no crisis. It is for these reasons that I say that the contempories were not correct in regarding Kennedy as a saviour of the western world. ...read more.

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