• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Were Stalins purges a success?

Extracts from this document...


Were Stalin's Purges in the 1930's a success or a disaster? By 1929, Joseph Stalin had become the undisputed leader of one of the largest populations in the world. He achieved this through a combination of political scheming, the mistakes of his opponents and the ingenious way in which he built up his power base. Stalin had great plans, but in order to execute them, he needed power. It seemed there was only one way to keep Russia in order - to control the people to such an extent that they would be afraid to even think of opposing him. Stalin, like Tsar Nicolas II before him, had trouble keeping this vast country in order. Soon, the terror increased, as Stalin tried to keep control and the death count rose. ...read more.


He achieved that, but little else it seems. Stalin lost all support which was not forced, and had to retrain officers and workers, to replace the ones imprisoned or dead. By 1937, an estimated 18 million people had been purged, with little reasoning as to why. The cracks began to show, as Stalin wiped out more and more people, to stay in authority of an ever-shrinking public. Although these Purges were villainous, Stalin had some reasoning behind them. His aims were more concentrated on the long term, in which all his opponents were destroyed, and Stalin had complete control. However, Stalin appeared to focus on one area of improvement at a time, as although the Purges helped him gain control, they also stopped improvement in other areas, such as becoming stronger. ...read more.


Industrialisation also meant peasants were able to eat, as they were paid in food coupons, instead of real money. Though all Stalin's plans meant hard work for the Peasants, it was an easier way of life, and meant all communities lived and worked the same. Long term success' of the Purges are intertwined with the success of Collectivisation and Industrialisation, as it meant both could be achieved. For Stalin, it was also a huge help, as it meant a large proportion of the opposition were gone. This left the way clear to a supposedly brighter future, and new Russia. In conclusion, the Purges were seen as a failure as not only did the death toll reach around 18 million, just through Stalin's apparent insecurities but Russia was actually left weaker than before, with no army to lead them, and little food. As Stalin's grip on Russia became tighter, terror ruled the people. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. "Stalin was personally responsible for the Purges in Russia in the 1930s". Agree or ...

    My evidence for this is that removal of opponents began in the Politburo when Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev were expelled from the Party in 1927. Furthermore, by 1934, Stalin was unchallenged as leader of both party and state. Stalin did not try to replace the members he had removed and

  2. How successful were Stalin's economic policies in the 1920s and 30s?

    and so were unwilling to change circumstance. As these were Stalin's greatest impediment the communists encouraged the rest of the peasants to regard these 'kulaks' with jealousy and hatred, though without a huge amount of success. When Stalin decided to eliminate the problem of the 'kulaks' by force it served two purposes.

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    (Ibid., p. 83.) The main defence of the Revolution did not lie in the Cheka, but in the revolutionary internationalist policies of the Bolsheviks. Their revolutionary propaganda was having an effect on the war-weary troops of the imperialist armies. Discontent and open mutiny in the armies of intervention forced the imperialists to withdraw.

  2. To what extent were Stalin's policies of collectivisation and industrialisation a success.

    Stalin on deliberately allowed this disaster to go on. Stalin wanted to go to war with the Japanese do he wanted to build stocks to feed the red army and keep their strength up.

  1. “Collectivisation was a political success but an economic failure and a human disaster” discuss.

    'It may be said with certainty that so long as there are kulaks, so long will there be sabotage of grain procurements.' Joseph Stalin Lenin has also said in his time that the kulaks are 'bloodsucking, vampires, robbers of the people'.

  2. Stalin and Purges

    These 20 million Russians were sent to the gulag which was the system of labour camps. Soon religions were forbidden such as, the Christian Church and Islam. People had annoyed others were then turned into the NKVD and arrested never to be seen again.

  1. Source related questions on Joseph Stalin

    'One death is a tragedy; a million is just a statistic'. As a result of this quote, Stalin maybe trying to say that if he kills himself, it will be a tragedy. David Lowe may be referring to the prison as the loss of freedom fort the public of the USSR.

  2. Why and With What Success did Stalin Embark on an

    However this decision would obviously not encourage greater grain production. Effectively the realisation of this fact was a decision leading to collectivisation. With devastating understatement, Moshkov recalled, "The content and character of these changes were such that they had to be followed by the beginning of widespread social transformation in the countryside."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work