• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Were the fronts of sea and air as important as the Western Front in deciding the outcome of WWI?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Were any of these fronts as important as the Western Front in deciding the outcome of the war? Explain your answer referring to all relevant fronts including the Western Front. The whole of World War I, essentially, had three main spheres contributing to its final outcome - the war on land (more particularly the Western Front), at sea and at air. Each front had inter-relations and played a factor in the final outcome of the war. However, some fronts contributed less than others. The Western Front, to start off with, was predicted to be a rapid affair that would be over by the end of 1914, with either the Central or Entente Powers gaining a crushing victory. However, by the end of 1914, both sides had dug trenches across a very wide front stretching from the North Sea to the Swiss Alps. Both sides' plans, the German Schlieffen Plan and Allied Plan XVII, had failed and it culminated in a harsh stalemate that was to last for four years. This is where the bulk of the fighting went on throughout the First World War and where the masses of casualties were caused. Deadlock was introduced and each side utilised modern war weapons, such as poison gas and machine guns, to cause unprecedented damage to the opposing sides. These war weapons were excessively more devastating than any of the weapons used at sea or in the air. ...read more.

Middle

However, the war at sea and the war in the air did make significant contributions to the war as a whole. The war at sea proved to be closely linked to the war on land. It was unusual in that there were not particularly any major sea battles or proper fighting - it was more of a struggle of stealth and caution to gain control of the seas. The blockade of German ports, along with submarine warfare, was the main attribute to the war at sea. Germany looked as if they might have been able to control the seas at one point, but the sheer power and great tactics turned it in balance of the Allies. The convoy system was one of these excellent tactics. Though the blockade didn't have immediate effect on the Germans, it did have an effect in the long run, nonetheless. Germany eventually lost the war after four years and, as the war dragged on, the Germans increasingly ran out of supplies. German people and soldiers died of starvation and disease without these vital supplies, forcing them to end trench warfare in an all out offensive at the end of the war. This was called the Ludendorrf offensive. However, their supply lines were low and German soldiers raided British supply huts for luxuries. The war at sea was directly responsible for this. ...read more.

Conclusion

These did not produce the breakthrough needed, were far from common and used too few troops to give a decisive impact on the war. Throughout the war, most of the fighting happened on the Western Front. This was where the war was eventually won and this was where most attention was given. The most amount of weaponry was used here, the most amounts of men were killed here and the most amount of supplies were used here. The significant importance of controlling the Western Front for either side was immense and a breakthrough would have won the war for either side. It protected the rest of France and Britain from being captured and protected the interior of the German country as well. Some of the importance is evident also at the start, when each side wished to crush the other side with their war plans - again the Western Front was involved here. This is where the war could have been horrifically lost for either side, and it was lost eventually at the end in a rapid, crushing defeat of the Germans. Other aspects of the war contributed in minor ways. The one other aspect that could have been seen as decisive was the war at sea, which if lost by either side, could have posed a considerable advantage for the other side. The blockade of German ports helped win the war for Britain and her Allies. However, nothing in the war was as decisive as the Western Front was. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. The Battle of Verdun.

    Why should we die on this battlefield?'. This shows the poor morale of the French army at this point in the Battle. Source B was written by a French author who was involved in the war, and hence it is likely to have considerable anti German bias because Germans would

  2. Explain the importance of the war in the air to the final outcome of ...

    German airships, known as Zeppelins, were more sophisticated and widely used than British equivalents, however. This was due to them flying higher and faster, generally being more efficient in the role they played. Thus, this made airships a key weapon in the early war at sea.

  1. Why Did A Stalemate Develop On The Western Front?

    This burned the lungs of the inhaler leaving them to die in agony. Gas masks were issued to everyone in the country, but they weren't so useful and many people died. Transportation greatly increased, as more troops were needed at battlefields and other places.

  2. The Western Front

    The American president, Woodrow Wilson, tried to negotiate between the two sides and received a fairly positive response from the Allies. On 13 Jan 1917 the German government announced that all sea traffic within certain areas close to Britain,

  1. Field Marshall Haig: 'The Butcher of the Somme'?

    It is fairly accurate in regard to its factual content and representation of opinions, but the exaggeration and the fact that its intentions are for entertainment result in it being unreliable to historians, and therefore not very useful. Furthermore, the extremely pessimistic view displayed by Blackadder could be a result

  2. Questions on World War One.

    French objectives at Versailles: Clemenceau's primary concern was to protect France against future German aggression. He proposed an independent Rhineland, but this idea ran contrary to the principle of national self-determination; instead France obtained the demilitarisation of the Rhineland, and its occupation for 15 years and also acquired the Saar coal mines.

  1. Was Field Marshall Douglas Haig more important that the allied blockade of German naval ...

    When the bombardment began, The Germans supply moved underground, and waited. Around 7:30 on July 1, whistles blew to signal the start of the attack. With the shelling over the Germans left their bunkers and set up their positions. If ground troops had been using new tactics then they might not have had these issues.

  2. The most important aim of wartime propaganda was to encourage hatred of the enemy. ...

    It also could be exaggerated by the author through censorship to reassure British soldiers. The purpose of source E is to get British government?s point of view across and to promote the feelings of moral superiority in Britain and amongst people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work