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Were The Important Changes To Public Health Made In The 19th Century Or In The 20th Century?

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Were The Important Changes To Public Health Made In The 19th Century Or In The 20th Century? I think that the Nineteenth centaury made bigger and more important changes to Public Health then the Twentieth centaury did. In the twentieth centaury, the NHS was created which provided a free health care to everyone and technology improved dramatically so that complex operations can now take place, but I do not feel that this compares with the many discoveries of the nineteenth centaury. Edward Jenner developed the vaccine for smallpox at the end of the 18th centaury. By the 19th centaury, The vaccine became open to the public and then in 1852, the vaccine was made compulsory. This saved hundreds of the Public from the horrible Smallpox disease. ...read more.


Snow had discovered the cause of the dreaded cholera and pushed the government to supply clean water to everyone. This removed the terrible disease, cholera, that had been killing lots of the public. Chadwick also wrote a report about the living conditions and the health of the poor in both the cities and countryside's of England. He found that the average working class man in the rural town of Rutland were outliving the upper classes in Liverpool. The two men's reports shocked many and the government laid down it's first Public Health Act that enforced a clean up. Local authorities had to provide clean water, a Medical Officer of Health, a proper drainage system and a proper sewerage system. ...read more.


Many people died after surgery. Joseph Lister discovered antiseptics. Because of Joseph Lister antiseptics and Louis Pasteur's germ theory, people survived surgery without catching nasty infections that would have killed them. Public health isn't just about hygiene in the streets, but also the medicine and treatments available as well. One could argue that medicine and treatments were more advanced in the ninetieth century, but I still believe that all these discoveries and changes were more important to public health. Louis Pasteur discovery of germs and that they caused disease, the clean water that was supplied through out Britain thanks to the work of Edwin Chadwick and John Snow, James Simpson's anaesthetics, Florence Nightingales clean hospitals and Joseph Lister's Antiseptics all improved peoples chances of survival in hospitals and in surgery where it had previously been low are far more important to public health. ?? ?? ?? ?? Becky Morgan ...read more.

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