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Were the Nazis successful in controlling the lives of women and young people between 1933 and 1939?

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Introduction

Were the Nazis successful in controlling the lives of women and young people between 1933 and 1939? To succeed is to accomplish an aim producing a favourable outcome. The Nazis did accomplish many of their aims. They were extremely prejudiced. They disliked anyone who challenged their views such as women who wanted to work and youths who did not decide to conform to the regime. They set up beliefs of stereotypical families advertising them with propaganda. One poster displays the ideal family, a voluptuous Aryan woman ideal for child bearing, a strong Aryan man and four young Aryan children. These children were Germany's future. They were taught this from an early age. Every aspect of life was censored and a new style of living was formed. The Nazi policies were extremely anti-Semitic. This was due to the Jews religious beliefs and their tendency to own large businesses. They were sometimes also blamed for Germany's defeat in World War One. Women, who under the Weimar constitution had many freedoms, were taught that that their role in life was to be wives and mothers, which was more important than pursuing a valuable career. They had once been able to vote but the Nazis were an entirely male dominated organisation. Women were pressured into conforming to the regime. Working women in the 1930's were seen as keeping men out of work, whilst women from rural parts of Germany had always thought they belonged at home. ...read more.

Middle

Due to these measures being mandatory, it was an assumed success, but such a small minority were affected by these regulations that it did not affect the population as a whole. After the Nazi party came to power, all Jews were made redundant. There businesses were ruined and many public places forbade Jews. This would have made it impossible for Jews to live or have the means to live by. Everywhere in Germany the Jews were the victims of organised hate. In1935 the Nuremberg law was passed. This prevented any Jew being a citizen of Germany. A series of other laws were passed stripping Jews of all their rights. It was forbidden to marry or have sex with a pure blooded German. The only times that Jewish men and women were treated differently was at labour camps. Many women were killed, left to die or sexually assaulted. Others were made to work. All of the fit men became slaves. In Poland, Jews were forced to live in ghettos. Mass shootings took place in Russia. These areas were successfully 'germanised' by force. During the Nazi regime Jewish men would have a larger chance of surviving than women because they were stronger and would be able to work harder. At first Jewish children were humiliated at school. They were segregated from Aryan children and eventually were not allowed to attend school at all. ...read more.

Conclusion

As the Hitler Youth became more militarily based, an anti- Hitler movement appeared. The Edelweiss Pirates consisted of working-class teenager. Like the Hitler Youth they went camping and sang songs. However, their songs mocked Germany and when they saw members of the Hitler Youth they taunted and attacked them. The Pirates consisted of both boys and girls and had a free attitude towards sex. Some members were arrested by the Gestapo and others were ignored. They were not killed because they were needed as workers. The Nazis also worried about the Swing movement. Middle-class teenagers went to parties, listened to foreign music and danced foreign dances. Jews were accepted into their groups. They talked about and enjoyed sex. The Nazis were issued with handbooks to help the authorities to identify these types. These groups were not successfully eradicated because despite measures taken to prevent them, during the war they helped the prisoners and army deserters. The Nazis did have a lot of control over the lives of young people and women. This is obvious because most of the laws were enforced and it was impossible to rebel against them. Therefore most of the policies were a success. Even though they were effective the support of the party did not increase, people merely felt threatened to oblige. Various aims were not accomplished by the Nazi party as some people were willing to take risks in order to maintain their beliefs. However, in order to avoid being punished many Germans simply conformed to the regime making it easier for the Nazis to succeed. ...read more.

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