• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the chances for lasting peace in Northern Ireland in 2004?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Modern World Study: Northern Ireland What are the chances for lasting peace in Northern Ireland in 2004? 1: What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and the Loyalists/Unionists? The Republicans (or Nationalists, as they are also known) are basically the pro-Irish side of Ireland. They believe that the British government should hand Northern Ireland back to the Republic's control and the Britain deserves no political control. Republican extremists (such as the IRA) use extreme violence to achieve their goal of a United Irish Republic, and have been in the news after exploding car bombs and such like. Nationalist moderates use political, legal, peaceful methods but have the same aim. Unionists/Loyalists have the opposite aim, i.e. to keep Britain 'in the loop' of Northern Irish politics. They are the pro-English side of Ireland. Paramilitary Unionists (like the UFF, the UDA and the UVF) are rarely on the news lately, at least compared to Paramilitary Republicans, possibly because of the more 'extrovert' nature of splinter groups like the Real IRA. The political Unionists are law-abiding but, again, have the same goal as their paramilitary counterparts. Nationalists' main beliefs are that Britain has no part in the rule of Northern (or the Republic of) Ireland, and the boarder between Northern Ireland and Eire should not exist. Political moderate Nationalists think that the above only applies politically, i.e. ...read more.

Middle

The controversy was still raging twenty-six years later when in January 1998, when the British Prime Minister Tony Blair announced a new inquiry into the events. Bloody Sunday was tragic for those involved. Its importance in terms of conflict lay in how it affected views and attitudes. It was a propaganda victory for the Republicans. The reaction outside the United Kingdom was one of outrage. Funding for the IRA from the United States increased. In Dublin, the British Embassy was burned down. These events also strengthened the argument of the hard-line Republicans that defending their communities was no longer enough. They said that the IRA had to go on the attack to get the British out of Ireland. The Republicans would feel greatly upset and angry with the British, and therefore the Unionists for Bloody Sunday. It is my belief that the main reason behind violent Republican actions, possibly the soul reason, is the slaughter of 13 innocent, peaceful protesters on Sunday 30th January 1972. Indeed, the Nationalists are so sure that Bloody Sunday was a conspiracy and homicide that even Peter Taylor (a journalist known for his work on the problems in Northern Ireland) says that "To this day it is difficult to convince Nationalists [otherwise]". The Unionists may believe that it was perfectly acceptable to nullify a possible threat to the people and may get slightly irritated at the Nationalist rants of conspiracy. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was called the Good Friday Agreement. However, the Agreement was only the beginning. Crunch time would come along with a referendum to be held in May. The people of both Eire and Ulster were asked whether they accepted the Good Friday Agreement. The people of Eire were also asked whether they would allow Ulster to be removed from the constitution. The result in Eire was overwhelming in favour - 94%. In Ulster, while not so high, was still largely in Favour of the Good Friday Agreement, standing 71% for. This was certainly a breakthrough, and a moment in history for Ireland and her problems. More progress made by the Good Friday Agreement is that since it was passed, there have been no bombings or killings by fundamentalist groups such as the IRA or the UVF. However, the politicians in Eire, Ulster and England still cannot decide who should own Northern Ireland or indeed what to do with it. This disagreement is a major problem that needs to be rectified before total peace can be achieved. Another problem is the marching season, which still happens today, and is annually a cause of disruption between Catholics and Protestants. For peace to work either the marches should stop, or be moved to a different location, otherwise annual fights will break out between these two groups of people. Joe Rawson 14/09/2004 - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. What are the main differences between Republicans / Nationalists and Unionists / Loyalists?

    However, not all Nationalists are so hardline and violent as Sinn Fein and the IRA. Nationalists are still working towards a united Ireland, however they are not willing to use violent means to achieve their aims. Parties such as the SDLP use elections to get into power and make the

  2. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    Choose two events in the last 100 years that are particularly important in shaping the views of today's: (a) Loyalists / Unionists / Protestants; Home Rule 1880 - 1914 Home Rule really is at the heart of all the conflict in Northern Ireland.

  1. Northern Ireland Conflict-Religion vs. PoliticsThe conflict in Northern Ireland is likely one of the ...

    (Hickey 1984) Religion is often downplayed as a cause of the conflict in Northern Ireland because Western pluralistic societies do not place as much emphasis on the importance of religion in daily life. The question then becomes how does one find a solution to a conflict that is so multifaceted?

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    They talked to each other. They reinforced each other's prejudice. There was no one there to challenge them. And so, when they got into dialogue with the enemy, they have no resources to challenge the enemy intellectually. And for that reason, the talks were a waste of time.

  1. Co-operation and Conflict - Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland.

    The Famine had a massive impact on Ireland. Some in Ireland believed that the government in London - to solve the Irish Problem - had deliberately done as little as possible to aid the people of Ireland and these people concluded that the only hope Ireland had for its future was a complete separation from Great Britain.

  2. Why has it been difficult to obtain peace in Northern Ireland?

    This did not help the peace process at all; the nation was again outraged, the little trust between Nationalist and paratroopers had now been totally destroyed and the deaths of those thirteen civilians were considered murders, the people that died were considered martyrs to the Nationalist cause.

  1. Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to ...

    The Provo's refused Mitchell's offers and bombed the London Docklands in February 1996 and then the Aindale, Manchester in June. Ongoing violence also came from the marchers of the 'Loyal Orange Order'. Every year the Loyal Orange Order marches to pay tribute to King William of Orange, the protestant King, who saved Protestants in Ulster from 'invading' Catholics.

  2. The underlying cause of the conflict between Northern Ireland (Ulster) and The Republic of ...

    In 1919, The Irish Republican Army (IRA) was set up, it?s members being Irish volunteers. They engaged in a guerilla campaign in which they used violent, military tactics such as ambushes, raids and sabotages to fight a vulnerable target. Their target being the British Government as well as its forces

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work