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What caused the 1917 Russian Revolution.

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Introduction

A major cause of the 1917 Russian Revolution, was the living conditions of the Peasants and the Proletariat. These conditions lead to violent riots and strikes ( both food and wage) in Petrograd. There were a number of food, housing and fuel shortages. The people were suffering for many years and as they were illiterate, they knew no better. Leading up to 1917, there were various famines in Russia. People were starving , whilst the Tsar had plenty of food to spare. The famines threatened the large cities that were increasing due to urbanisation. Demonstrations were held, with the main demand being for bread. These demonstrations were supported by 90, 000 striking men and women. ...read more.

Middle

The food supplies continued to decrease. The transport system became disorganised. For example, the railway network was carrying military supplies and couldn't serve cities. Nicolas II owned more than half the land in Russia. The Tsar and the landlords together owned 95% of the land. With this, the price rises and shortage of heating material, there was little or no way for the two lower classes to escape from poverty. The most significant strikes occurred during February 1917. The first took place on 23rd February, International Women's Day. Women factory workers went on strike demanding bread, peace and liberty. Soon 385,000 of the cities proletariat were on strike. There were no casualties this day but this would soon change. ...read more.

Conclusion

If the soldiers hadn't done this, no one could imagine what would have happened. The deaths and strikes may have continued for much longer or the revolution may have failed. On February 27th, the revolution succeeded. Who would be the next Russian rulers, the Soviets or the Bolsheviks? . The living conditions and strikes had a large impact on the fall of Nicholas II. He was both weak and greedy and these lead to his down fall. He didn't listen to the people or attempt to fix any of the problems. The food shortages, strikes and the mutiny of the soldiers, all played an important role in the development of the revolution. Above: Nicolas had money to spare. This is one example, of just how much money the Tsar had. - Border Mail Saturday 23rd March 2002. ...read more.

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