• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What caused the 1917 Russian Revolution.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A major cause of the 1917 Russian Revolution, was the living conditions of the Peasants and the Proletariat. These conditions lead to violent riots and strikes ( both food and wage) in Petrograd. There were a number of food, housing and fuel shortages. The people were suffering for many years and as they were illiterate, they knew no better. Leading up to 1917, there were various famines in Russia. People were starving , whilst the Tsar had plenty of food to spare. The famines threatened the large cities that were increasing due to urbanisation. Demonstrations were held, with the main demand being for bread. These demonstrations were supported by 90, 000 striking men and women. ...read more.

Middle

The food supplies continued to decrease. The transport system became disorganised. For example, the railway network was carrying military supplies and couldn't serve cities. Nicolas II owned more than half the land in Russia. The Tsar and the landlords together owned 95% of the land. With this, the price rises and shortage of heating material, there was little or no way for the two lower classes to escape from poverty. The most significant strikes occurred during February 1917. The first took place on 23rd February, International Women's Day. Women factory workers went on strike demanding bread, peace and liberty. Soon 385,000 of the cities proletariat were on strike. There were no casualties this day but this would soon change. ...read more.

Conclusion

If the soldiers hadn't done this, no one could imagine what would have happened. The deaths and strikes may have continued for much longer or the revolution may have failed. On February 27th, the revolution succeeded. Who would be the next Russian rulers, the Soviets or the Bolsheviks? . The living conditions and strikes had a large impact on the fall of Nicholas II. He was both weak and greedy and these lead to his down fall. He didn't listen to the people or attempt to fix any of the problems. The food shortages, strikes and the mutiny of the soldiers, all played an important role in the development of the revolution. Above: Nicolas had money to spare. This is one example, of just how much money the Tsar had. - Border Mail Saturday 23rd March 2002. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    He thought that peasants would want to improve their own land and use modern methods to produce more food. He also wanted this to create a new class of prosperous landowning peasant-kulaks-who would be loyal to the government and not wanting changes.

  2. How Significant Was Leon Trotsky's Role In the October/November Russian Revolution In 1917

    numerous weeks Trotsky appeared before sold-out audiences delivering speeches that denounced the halfway measures of the Provisional Government. Communication is where Trotsky excelled far beyond his fellow collaborators. He was able to captivate audiences of any size with his radical ideas and piercing logic.5 His support gained as he clearly

  1. The Russian Revolution 1917

    b) Why did the Russian provisional government fail? Many Historians believe that the failure of the Provisional Government in Russia was through little fault of their own, and it was only a matter of time before its collapse. However, the bulk of the evidence suggests that their demise was due to a large quantity of poor decisions on their part.

  2. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    to be used in the construction.In addition to this William Hedley had expanded on the steam engine and had generated ways in which it would be possible to haul large amounts of coal onto trains . It is clear to say that the reliable forms of transport was essential top the steep rise in the country's economy .

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    With the end of the civil war, the need for a drastic change in policy was increasingly evident. The essential thing for the Bolsheviks was to hold out for as long as possible until assistance arrived from the West. A most serious situation arose when the naval garrison at Kronstadt mutinied.

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    There was also many short-term causes that helped the Bolsheviks seize power, such as the Kornilov revolt, the failure of the Provisional Government, and the crucial roles of Lenin and Trotsky. The Dumas Provisional Committee that took over the government had 3 urgent decisions, whether to continue fighting, to distribute land to peasants, and how to get food to cities.

  1. The February Revolution 1917.

    Three things they currently weren't getting. Although the source is not clear itself, it looks as there is support from the army Source D is an estimate of the number of workers on strike in Petrograd during 1917 compiled by a British historian released in the 1980's.

  2. Analyse how far WW1 caused the Russian Revolution.

    With more peasants being conscripted to the army, the industries were severely affected, as they did not have enough manpower to cope with the demands of the war. (John Wright 32) The war crippled the industries and brought unrest among the people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work