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What Caused the Cold War And Who Was To Blame?

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Introduction

What caused the Cold War and who was to blame? After the World War II, the alliance between Britain, USA and USSR ended. The USA and USSR were to become the 2 super powers. An intense rivalry formed between the Communist and non-Communists countries, and this was called the Cold War. It was called the Cold War because it did not develop into a "Hot" war. This was because neither side wanted another war with the added threat of nuclear weapons, which could mean the end of the world. "Cold" was also to describe the "frosty" and hostile relationship between the two countries, Russia and the USA. There were many reasons that caused the Cold War. The main cause was that the USA and the USSR had different beliefs, political ideas and systems. The clash between Communism and Capitalism. The USA was Democracy and the USSR was Communist. Communism believed in equality, which everyone should be equal. ...read more.

Middle

He did not share the warm relationship Roosevelt did with Stalin. Roosevelt was optimistic. He seemed to trust Russia and believed they would keep the agreements made in Yalta. Truman, unlike Roosevelt, was anti-communist and did not trust Stalin at all. Churchill, who was later replaced by Atlee, was anti-communist as well. Though he had a good relationship with Stalin, he did not trust him. The "Iron curtain" speech he made in 1946 claiming that an "iron curtain" has formed between the Western Europe and Eastern Europe made Stalin think he was trying to stir up war against the Soviet Union. The mistrust between each of the leaders caused every move both side made them hate each other even more. Stalin was also upset that Britain and USA did not tell him about the development of the atomic bomb. This led him to distrust the West even more. Britain and USA was not happy Stalin had signed the border treaty with Poland, which made the Poland border moved further west. ...read more.

Conclusion

Because of the Vietnam War, many people in the US started to distrust their own government. The West argued they misunderstood Stalin's defensive motives. They said Truman did not understand how much Russia had suffered in the WW II. The Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were seen as threats to Stalin. In the 1990s, post revisionists view was that both sides were to blame. The fall of Communism in Russia had led lots of Cold War files to be opened to support this view. It was said that both sides had hatred for each other. The personalities of the leaders can be blamed as well. If they trusted each other more, or Truman was more like Roosevelt, thing's might have gotten better. Though Churchill could see what was going to happen to East Europe, his "Iron Curtain" speech was leading Stalin to distrust the West. The lack of mutual-agreement and trust between the leaders can be blamed as well. The recent view of historians agreed that the Cold War was primarily a clash of beliefs - Communism versus Capitalism. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jennifer Jiang ...read more.

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