• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What caused the population explosion in Britain in the 19th century?

Extracts from this document...


What caused the population explosion? Population explosion describes an enormous increase in the population numbers/quantities over a small period of the time. There are three possible ways the population number can increase. The number of births increase, the number of deaths decrease or immigrants could move to the country. In 1750, the population started with only 7million people. This increased in the year 1800 when the population number increased to 11 million and it increased even more in the year 1850 with 21 million as the population number. This number increased further in the year 1900 when the population number changed to 37 million. These were drastic changes in the number of population in Britain. One of the causes was the fact that people started to hire midwives in 1750. This meant that pregnant women were better cared for and some hospitals even started to build maternity wards for better care of their pregnant patients. This caused an increase in birth rates and it also decreased the number of deaths as the mothers were more likely to survive and the women felt more comfortable with the idea of giving birth, it was encouraged by the idea of them having midwives to care for them appropriately. ...read more.


This increased the birth rates and when child labour was announced in 1800 because the number of factories had increased, the parents decided to have more children and a larger family so they could have more money. This increased the birth rates because they employed children, which encouraged the parents to have more children. From 1800, cotton undies began to replace wool for clothing. The cotton material is a lot easier to wash and to dry which meant that people were encouraged to wash their clothes more often. This decreased the number of deaths because there was a lesser chance of infections that couldn't be treated to be caused, resulting in fewer deaths. After the 1800s, the price of soap got cheaper so more people decided to buy and use it. The fact that more soap was used meant that there was a lesser germs around resulting in a decreased number of people getting infected and decreased number of deaths since people found it a lot easier to control their hygiene levels. ...read more.


After 1870, better schooling and education techniques were used for more students. This meant that more citizens would have been able to attend the schools and it was made easier for them to learn how to keep hygienic and healthy. This resulted with a decrease in the death numbers as they were now better educated about their personal hygiene and how to protect themselves from infections and germs. Better farming techniques were also introduced to the farmers by this time. This gave the people the chance to have better diets so they could experience life for a longer period of time. This caused a decrease in death since the people were able to look after themselves and their diets better. In conclusion, there wasn't any reason in particular for the cause of the population explosion in Britain; there was a variety of causes. The number of immigrants that moved to the country remained the same throughout the whole period and to sum it up, the two main explanations for the population explosion was that the number of deaths kept on decreasing whilst the number of births kept on increasing. ?? ?? ?? ?? History Essay (931 Words.) Sanjana Singh 9 Elgar 17/09/2009 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Public health in Britain during the hundred years from 1850 to 1950

    In the early 1900's the government became increasingly aware of the health problems facing ordinary people. There was still data showing that the poor still lived in terrible housing, and that when they were sick they could not afford medical care.

  2. Jack The Ripper - Law and Order in the late 19th century

    factors in the development and publicity of the crimes; as they were the ones who had control on what and how things were published to the public. Exaggeration was made by the tabloids, however, as the broadsheets tended to give more rational information.

  1. Why did medical care need to be improved during the early 19th century

    of pain, this is not how nurses should act and therefore shows that nursing needed to be improved. Source B is an extract from a book published in 1927 called "Lister as I knew him", it explains about how hygiene within hospitals needed to be improved.

  2. Analyse the extent to which Villages across Britain have changed during the 19th and ...

    This kind of discrepancy between the date of the first mention of the village and the age of the church - over 100 years - is an interesting point which could inspire the researcher to investigate why the church was there and what kind of settlement was there originally.

  1. The Halifax Explosion of 1917

    "I was shocked when I later learned that I was over 400 kilometres from the epicentre of the explosion." Later investigations discovered that the blast was heard in a 500 kilometre radius, all the way out to the far side of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.

  2. The Black Country Living Museum gives an accurate representation of what life would be ...

    and even vets were brought to the chemist to be checked treated and looked after. Chain Makers house- The Chain maker's house, used to be one of a pair originally situated alongside Gregory's Stores in Lawrence Lane, Old Hill. It was the first house to be reconstructed at the Museum and is a typical example of late Victorian worker's housing.

  1. This essay is going to discuss the overview of Apartheid, the Population Registration Act ...

    was white and many of them were worried that they wouldn't be able to get jobs or that their jobs would be replaced by the majority of the people in South Africa which were black or that their cultures and language would be replaced with theirs.

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    and Better Medical education (medicine became a respected profession) Arun Thind [af]This was important in 1872, because before although vaccination had been made compulsory it was not strictly enforced but after the government strictly enforced it, the number of deaths from smallpox reduced.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work