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What Caused World War One? It has been suggested that naval rivalry was the main cause of World War One

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What Caused World War One? It has been suggested that naval rivalry was the main cause of World War One because, this was one of the most significant causes of tension between some of the most powerful countries in Europe. I strongly agree that this contributed to World War One but there are also several other factors that have to be considered such as the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the First Moroccan Crisis, the Second Moroccan Crisis, the Balkan Wars and the Arms Race. Naval Rivalry When Kaiser Wilhelm announced that he intended to build a powerful navy in 1898.Britains natural reaction was to feel very threatened and intimidated, especially since Britain had been the unchallenged rulers of the sea ever since the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Britain had a vast and powerful navy, which was used to protect its large empire that was located all over the world. Germany had no real need for a navy which made Britain extremely suspicious; they suspected Germany may want control of Britain's empire. ...read more.


Serbia could not comply with all the demands and on July 28 1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia World War One had begun. This contributed to the start of the First World War because Serbia enraged Austria-Hungry so much that they declared war. The First Moroccan Crisis Morocco on the northern coast of Africa was rich in mineral and agricultural wealth. Both Germany and France coveted the place. By her entente with Britain in 1904, France was given a free hand in Morocco. Kaiser William II, angry at France's influence and at Germany's exclusion, decided to intervene. In March 1905, the Kaiser landed at Tangier where he made a speech greeting the Sultan of Morocco as an independent sovereign and promising him German protection if France attempted to colonize his state. The German government followed this up by demanding an international conference to clarify the status of Morocco. Germany's aim of calling a conference was to humiliate France and to split the Entente because from the point of view of international law, Morocco was an independent state and the French claim to Morocco was illegal. ...read more.


Between May and July 1913 Bulgaria was beaten back by Serbia, Greece and Montenegro. Bulgaria surrendered on 10th August 1913 and lost Adrianople back to Turkey. This build up of tension contributed to the start of World War One. The Arms Race From 1870-1914 the Armies and Navies were greatly expanded. The standing armies of France and Germany doubled in size between 1870 and 1914. Naval expansion was also extremely competitive, particularly between Germany and Britain. By 1880, the British had established the principle that in order to maintain naval superiority in the event of war they would have to have a navy two and a half times as large as the second- largest navy. This motivated the British to launch the Dreadnought, invented by Admiral Sir John Fisher in 1906.International rivalry caused the arms race to feed on itself. This rivalry between the countries made them competitive, suspicious and paranoid and built tension between them with contributed to World War One. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jordan Coughlin 10E ...read more.

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