• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Caused WW1

Extracts from this document...


Sophia Morris 10JS/I1 What Caused WW1 A long time before 1914 the great powers had numerous arguments with each other, starting with the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, which had spread throughout most of Europe. The idea of political democracy, with the resulting idea that people of the same ethnic origin, language, and political ideals had the right to independent states (France and Serbia, as examples). Several people who desired national independence were made subject to local force or to other nations. Examples were the German people, whom the Congress of Vienna left divided into numerous principalities and kingdoms; Italy, also left divided into many parts, some of which were under foreign control; and the Flemish- and French-speaking Belgians of the Austrian Netherlands, whom the congress placed under Dutch rule. Belgium won its independence from the Netherlands in 1830, the unification of Italy was accomplished in 1861, and that of Germany in 1871. At the close of the century, however, the problem of nationalism was still unresolved in other areas of Europe, resulting in tensions both within the regions involved and between various European nations. The spirit of nationalism was also manifest in economic conflict. ...read more.


Between 1905 and 1914 several international crises and two local wars occurred, all of which threatened to bring about a general European War. The first crisis occurred over Morocco, where Germany intervened in 1905-1906 to support Moroccan independence against French encroachment. France threatened war against Germany, but the crisis was finally settled by an international conference at Algeciras, Spain, in 1906. The argument between Austria-Hungary and Serbia led to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which made things worse because this added to the tension between Serbia and Austria-Hungary after the crisis that took place in the Balkans in 1908, over the annexation by Austria-Hungary of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Because one form of Pan-Slavism was a Pan-Serbian or Greater Serbia movement in Serbia, which had as one of its objects the achievement by Serbia of the southern part of Bosnia, the Serbs threatened war against Austria. War was avoided only because Serbia could not fight without Russian support and Russia at the time was unprepared for war. Russia really wanted to help Serbia. This again made things worse because it gave Germany more to be bitter about. Due to the alliances Germany must have felt they were being surrounded even more. ...read more.


Unfortunately, this is the main point where Germany, went wrong. They also thought Belgium wouldn't fight back, but to their surprise they did, and this is what slowed Germany down, and was left with no chance in beating the Great Triple Entente. The assassination in Sarajevo, was by the Black Hand group, but this tension between Austria-Hungary and Serbia was nearly at its peak, and as Serbia knew the Group responsible for the attack was nothing to do with them, they laughed at Austria, and thought this gave Austria no reason to start a war. But Austria stood proud and to Serbia's surprise declared war on them on 28th July 1914, this was due to the determination of the war party in Austria-Hungary. This was the first step to war, but definitely wouldn't be the last. Without consulting the rest of the Entente, Russia mobilised their army on the 30th July. And Germany supported it's allie and declared war on Russia on the 1st August, then 2 days later went to war with France. On the 3rd August the Germans launched the stupid Schlieffen Plan and in the month of August 1914 all the members of the alliance systems declared war on each other. Events before 1914 had pushed the Great Powers to war: events after Sarajevo sparked off the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. What where the causes of WW1

    On the fourth of November 1898 Marchand despite the public outcry received instruction to withdraw. In March 1899 the French and British agreed that the source of the Nile and the Congo rivers should mark the frontier between their spheres of influence.

  2. Why did the Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand Start WW1?

    The Germans had a big army that was efficiently trained and ready for battle. Their strategy was to go via Belgium and attack France. Then along side, Austria attack Russia who was thought to be slow in moving their forces this was the Schlieffen plan.

  1. The Long Fuse by Laurence Lafore - Chapter Three: The Europe of the Armed ...

    The Prussian government was dependent upon the Prussian parliament, which was dominated by a minority rather than a majority. The Prussian Army was very powerful and the state of Prussia itself had been formed from the military. Prussian officers were often seen in Germany and they were very arrogant and pugnacious.

  2. How far was Germany to blame for causing WW1

    In 1911 the Agadir Crisis took place. There was an uprising in Morocco and so Germany decided to send out a Gunboat as Kaiser felt it was for Germany's own protection. This caused great unease throughout the nations and all countries began preparing their armies even though they didn't want it to come to that.

  1. To what extent can it be said that the WW1 was caused by the ...

    An important motive for the German decisions of July 1914, was the realization that Austria-Hungary was her only reliable ally and that she must be supported at all cost in any policies which the Austrians thought essential for the survival of the Habsburg state, due to the Austrian belief that Germany had not supported her sufficiently in the previous year.

  2. Why did WW1 break out in 1914?

    France and Germany caused damage. Imperialism was a long term cause in World War One. Another factor for the war was Nationalism. On 28 June 1914 the spark came. The nationalist Serbian terrorist group called ?Black Hand? killed the arch duke Franz Ferdinard.

  1. What Caused the Outbreak of WW1 in 1914?

    A second issue that caused much friction between Britain and Germany was Germany's desire to increase the size of their navy. As a result, a naval race took place. Both countries started spending vast sums of money to create battleships.

  2. Describe the Causes of WW1

    However, on their way, another terrorist named Gavrilo Princip fired two shots. One on Franz's wife stomach where she was pregnant, and died almost instantly, the other one on Franz Ferdinand's neck who died a while later. Now that this happened, Austria-Hungary became very angry and sent an impossible ultimatum to Serbia, with ten impossible conditions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work