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What crisis and developments caused tension to rise from 1905 to 1913? How were these crisis's settled?

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Introduction

HISTORY ESSAY Origins Of World War I What crisis and developments caused tension to rise from 1905 to 1913? How were these crisis's settled? The crisis's and developments that caused tension to rise from 1905 to 1913 were all involved with the greater European powers that were formed together in alliances, agreements and in war. The main causes of tension to rise between these European powers were of the crises in Morocco, the Bosnian crisis and the Balkan wars. The main European powers within these crises were Germany, Britain, France and Russia, as they were connected in alliances. First Moroccan Crisis Before year 1905, Europe was divided into two armed camps. The Triple Alliance, which included Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy. Also before hand, The Entente Cordiale consisted of Britain and France, which turned into The Triple Entente that included Britain, France and Russia. Germany believed to be encircled by a ring of hostile nations, whose aim was to deny it a share of world power. In 1905 the German Kaiser (Wilhelm I) visited the Moroccan port of Tangier. There in a speech he announced that Morocco should be independent of France. With that action taken, the Kaiser hoped that Britain would not back France and the Entente Cordiale would collapse. To resolve the crisis the 'Algeria's Conference' was set up in 1906. ...read more.

Middle

The settlement of the Bosnia and Herzegovina crisis left Russia feeling humiliated. She was determined not to back down again and began to rearm in earnest. In the future, Russian relations with Germany and Austria-Hungary were permanently soured. For Serbia the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina made her the irreconcilable enemy of Austria-Hungary. In result, war between Serbia and Austria-Hungary seemed only a matter of time. The Second Moroccan Crisis In the First Moroccan Crisis in 1905 and 1906, the Algeciras Conference was held to resolve the crisis. In this conference the French had been granted some special rights in Morocco, to reorganize Morocco's finances and to control the Moroccan police. With this control France had in Morocco, they were in rivalry with Germany in business there. The Second Moroccan Crisis began to emerge in 1911 when the Sultan of Morocco called on France to help crush a revolt by rebel tribesmen. With this calling, the French occupied Morocco's Capital, Fez. Germanys reaction to this invasion made her feel as if there would be a 'French take-over'. With these feelings Germany took action by sending in gunboat diplomacy to Morocco. She sent her gunboat 'Panther' to the Moroccan port of Agadir. Not only did gunboat diplomacy take place, Germany also demanded for compensation. In exchange for the whole of the French Congo in central Africa, Germany would let France have Morocco. ...read more.

Conclusion

Austria-Hungary decided to have a peace settlement. At this settlement Austria-Hungary angered Serbia by crushing their idea of having a coastline to make a new country - Albania. Which would be placed between Serbia and the Adriatic Sea. In addition, the Turkish land being conquered in the war was shared out among the Balkan League. The Second Balkan War In June 1913, Bulgaria attacked its former allies because Bulgaria seemed very unhappy, as there was too many Bulgarian's living in central Macedonia and Salonika. Turkey decided to join in on the side of the Balkan League, hoping to win back their lost territory. With this action by Turkey and with the States of Turkey involved in the league, Bulgaria was quickly defeated. In result, a peace treaty of Bucharest was made; making Bulgaria surrender nearly all the lands she won in the first Balkan war to Greece and Serbia. Throughout the crises from 1905 to 1913 the two alliances differed, leaving Britain, France, Italy and Russia closer. Germany knew that Austria-Hungary was her only true friend left in Europe. Germany felt that she had been left with the weakest link, the non-major power in Europe. As well as Germany was left to believe that a ring of hostile nations, whose aim was to deny it a share of world power, was encircling her. The settlement of all the crises left Germany feeling insecure and abandoned. Germany had come in with the long end of the stick, and had come out with the short end. Page 1 of 4 ...read more.

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