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What evidence is there to suggest that Nazi measures towards Jews became more extreme as time went on

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Introduction

What evidence is there to suggest that Nazi measures towards Jews became more extreme as time went on? From the initial stages of Nazi Germany, and even years before, Hitler made his hostility towards people of the Jewish faith apparent. While in prison, Hitler wrote his autobiography, 'Mien Kampf' written in 1924-26, he openly blamed the Jews for the German defeat of the War and all other troubles within Germany. As a result of these feeling, when Hitler came to power in 1933 many laws and actions were taken in hope to eradicate Jews from Germany. It can be said that as time passed, the laws and actions became more intense. For thousands of years people had adopted a negative view of the Jews, even dating back to the time of Christ. When Hitler came to power he repeatedly expressed the view that Jews represented a 'deadly menace' to all people on earth. Between 1933-34, Hitler was keen to moderate his own virulent anti-Semitism beliefs but was also determined to settle scores with their enemies, namely the Jews. On 32 March 1933, 'Streicher' the district leader (Gauleiter) of Nuremberg, an organised boycott of all Jewish shops, medical and legal practises were carried out, the majority of Germans 'did not identify with it'. While it was not always clear how influential Aryans or Nazis were to these actions, The Law of the Restoration of a Professional Civil Service was introduced to purge the bureaucracy of 'unreliable' elements, while Aryans allowed the dismissal of Jewish officials. ...read more.

Middle

This demonstrates that more action was being taken to the Jews; as yet another camp was needed to 're-shape' the opposition. Also in 1937 came the Aryanisation programme in commerce and the cut down on Jewish professions was intensified. Therefore it is fair to say that over time, action taken towards the Jews was increased and became more extreme. In terms of anti-Semitic violence, 1938 was a fundamental year for Germany, during this year more action was taken than in previous years. Around 8,000 Jews were taken to concentration camps, the Munich and Nuremberg synagogues were destroyed and more Jewish workers were dismissed. This affected the social lives of Jewish people by destroying their places of worship and depriving them of earning a living. However, the most significant event to take place in 1938 was the 'Kristallnacht', meaning the 'Night of the Broken Glass'. On the 9th of November additional Jewish shops, homes and synagogues were destroyed, 91 Jews were killed and at least 20,000 sent to concentration camps. This was overall a nationwide program and the first example of systematic violence in relation to the Jews. This also demonstrated how determined the Nazis were to eliminate Jews from German life. After Kristallnacht, a regime was devised introducing new measure towards the Jews; Jews were excluded from German Economic life, 15th November, Jewish pupils expelled from schools, 15th November and Jewish owned businesses were closed on December 3rd 1938. ...read more.

Conclusion

In general, concentration camps were increasingly confined with social 'outsiders' such as Jews, Gypsies and homosexuals. By the end of October 1938, the camp in Buchenwald, held around 4,000 'asocial', people like the Jews and Gypsies. The aim of the Nazis was to exclude Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals and asocials from the German society. There was a gradual acceleration of measures taken against these groups. As it can be seen, even before Hitler came to power, some of his feelings towards people like the Jews had already been displayed in his book 'Mien Kampf'. When he came to power, he introduced policies and propaganda to produce an Aryan Race. This resulted in the elimination of groups such as the Jews. Over the years the policies set against them became more intense. Although, due to the Olympic games being held in Berlin there was a lull on anti-Semitism in 1936. After this though, more extreme measures were put into action, and previous laws on job restrictions were reinforced. As time passed the Jews, as well as other 'asocials' suffered more but the elimination of the Jews in society was the most excessive case. The Nazis made their physical and policy attacks harsher and more people were sent to camps for 're-shaping'. As a result of this progression, in 1942 came the Final Solution, where genocide against the Jews was discovered. This concludes the evidence that argues that over time, policies towards the Jewish minority in Germany became more intense. ...read more.

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