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What factors best describe the collapse of Weimar and the rise of Hitler?

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Introduction

What factors best describe the collapse of Weimar and the rise of Hitler? There are many factors, which can account for the fall of Weimar and the rise of the Nazi Party. This essay will attempt to answer the question in two parts, firstly what factors describe the fall of Weimar and secondly which events account for the rise of Hitler. Ultimately it will try to prove that, rather than one factor, bringing down parliamentary democracy in Germany, it was a series of impossible to predict or stop events, which had they occurred independently of one another and over a greater period of time, might not have had the same catastrophic effects of 1929 to 34. It is often said that Weimar Germany was 'doomed to failure' from the start. This is a source of great debate amongst historians and is indeed relevant to this topic. Was the weakness in the Weimar foundations a factor, which led to its downfall? The earliest years of the Weimar did not in dear it to either side, left or right. President Ebert used the Freikorp, who were a rightwing mercenary unit, to put down the Spartacus uprising, which was a communist inspired revolution. Ebert was after that always cast as an enemy in the eyes of the extreme left, and so consequently the government he represented, Weimar, was also seen in the same light. ...read more.

Middle

The middle classes began voting Nazi again, especially in the industrial north of Germany. The two economic crises's hit the middle class worse then any other. The upper class had enough physical property and land to survive the crisis and the working class had no money to loss. However the middle class, saver who found their economic situation deteriorating, twice in such a short time, where the votes that the Nazis would capitalise on during their rise to power. The middle class voted Nazi and made up 50% of the party's membership, for a number of different reasons, however certainly economic factors where a major driving force behind their support. Therefore it can be said that economic crisis's played an important part in the fall of Weimar and the rise of Hitler. Voter disillusionment with middle class parties was also a contributing factor to the fall of Weimar. The Germany people saw their government's inability to deal with any crisis. Also coalition and minority governments showed no sign of agreement and so middle class voters where forced to vote for the extremists as they seemed more likely to get things done, than the more moderate parties. Voter disillusionment can be plotted throughout the history of Weimar. After the first economic crisis, extremists where popular with the voters, however their votes disappeared during the 'Golden Years', yet returned after the Wall Street Crash in 1929. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although the Black-Brown coalition could not gain power most Catholics and Nationalists now supported a Nazi government. Although President Hindenberg was still not willing to allow Hitler the chancellorship, he was persuaded to do so by Oskar, his son, Von Papen & Schleicher, who was one of his most senior advisors and had once been the mouthpiece of the army. In the end Hindenberg proved to be a more astute judge of political character that those around him, unlike his son and advisors, he did not believe that the Nationalists could control Hitler. However in January 1933 he ran out of options, faced with the communist on one side and the Nazis on the other he had no choice but, to appoint Hitler as head of the government of 'National Unity', as he was the 'lesser of two evils'. Therefore it can be seen that the threat of a Black-Brown coalition and ultimately the German people's fear of communism assisted Hitler's rise to power. These events can be seen as factors in Hitler's rise to power. In the final conclusion there was no one single factor, which can explain the fall of Weimar and the rise of Hitler. It was in-fact a combination of events which allowed Hitler to undermine parliamentary democracy in Germany. Had any of these events occurred separately there is a chance that the Weimar Republic could have survived them however the accumulative effect of them all occurring simultaneously was certainly the reason that Weimar fell and Hitler came to power. ...read more.

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