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What factors caused the revolution of 1905 and How was the Tsarist Regime able to survive?

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Introduction

What factors caused the revolution of 1905 and How was the Tsarist Regime able to survive? Causes of the Revolution of 1905, Russia in 1905 was a very delicate place politically and financially, because in the last sixty years there had been many problems throughout the country. 1848 was when most revolutions throughout Russia took place, just a simple example of how far behind Russia was. Between 1853-56 Russia had suffered the humiliation in the Crimean War, where its 'great-power' status was questioned. From 1868- 97 Russia were suffering throwing up doss houses and shantytowns to accommodate new arrivals in hope of cure the problem of overcrowding. In 1902-03 there was clearly trouble brewing in the countryside in three peasant provinces, after the agricultural famine on 1891, a solution was needed. ...read more.

Middle

They also wanted more political power. As Russia in 1905 were still being led by the 'old-fashioned' Tsarist Regime it led to many other problems. The Tsarist Regime at the time was weak and led by an indecisive Tsar. They had a cruel and brutal government and there was no indication of a movement towards a constitutional government. The people were denied basic freedoms such as free press and the freedom to form political parties. They were not allowed to disagree against any of the Tsars decisions. From the Peasants and Workers many problems arose, the economic slump after 1902 led to high unemployment and social tension in towns and the poor harvests in 1900 and 1902 led to starvation and violence in the countryside. ...read more.

Conclusion

The main piece of evidence to support this statement was because the demonstrators carried pictures of the Tsar and 'We love the Tsar.' They also thought that the Tsar's advisors were actually making the decisions. Tsar Nicholas' main idea was to allow for reform by splitting the opposition in two. He later in October released the 'October Manifesto,' Allowing free speech, free assembly and the 'Duma,' a consultative assembly. He allowed basic civil rights. He arranged for Tax reforms, where mortgages, redemption dues remaining from the Emancipation reduced. He allowed for repression of the working class-Soviets closed down: Trotsky arrested. The main concept of the Tsars Reform was loyalty of his armed forces. If the Tsar has respect of the armed forces then the Regime survives. With the exception of the few mutinies in Sevastapol, Kronstadt and onboard the battleship Potempkin the armed forces generally supported the government. The Repression was simply solved with the brutal tactics of the Cossacks and 'Black Hundreds.' ...read more.

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