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What Factors Helped the Spanish Conquistadors Conquer the New World?

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Joel Meler Mr. D'Angelo ModHistory-1 October 4, 2010 Spanish Conquistadors The Spanish managed to conquer the New World so easily because of many factors which include weapons and military technology, old world diseases, horses, military techniques and experience, and ships. Each of these advantages for the Spanish people played a huge role in why the Natives could barely give a decent fight against them. On the following paragraphs it will be specified why these factors were advantages and how they helped the Spanish people. Weapons and military technology were probably the biggest advantages the Spanish people had. On the first encounter between Christopher Columbus and the Natives, Columbus was armed with guns whereas the Natives were armed with spears and bows, which gave them a disadvantage against the Spanish. Guns gave an advantage because Spanish just had to pull the trigger to shoot a bullet and kill a native, whereas a native would have to get to a decent distance where their weapons would be effective. ...read more.


He took a lot of people in case he had to fight to conquer land. One of his guys had small pox, and by the time they met with the Aztecs, the disease got spread around Mexico. Because of years and years of isolation, the Aztecs had no immunity to this deadly disease unlike the Spanish. By the time the war broke out between the Spanish and the Aztecs, the disease was heavily spread and gave the Natives a disadvantage in the fight, causing their deaths and the victory of Hernan Cortes with his army. Horses were also a good advantage the Spanish had. These big animals were a very effective way of fast and easy transportation. Christopher Columbus had a few horses on his New World conquest, and these not only helped them move, but also intimated the Arawak, which were the people they were fighting. Francisco Pizarro also had some horses on his Inca Empire conquest and so did Hernan Cortes on his Aztec Empire conquest. ...read more.


Also, right after Christopher Columbus, there was a new Spanish governor in Cuba, then during Cortes's conquest of the Aztecs in Mexico reinforcements were needed because Cortes and the Spanish underestimated the Aztecs and were loosing the war, however with the reinforcements Cortes was able to kill mostly all Aztecs and conquer Mexico. All of these advantages explain why the Spanish people conquered the natives so easily. Weapons and military technology provided guns, cannons and armor which were of great help, old world diseases got spread between the natives and because of their isolation they were not immune to it, causing death to many of them and ultimately an advantage for the Spanish, Horses were great for quick and easy mobility and for intimidation, their military techniques and experience gave them an advantage in the sense of having experienced many wars before, and ships were good for needs of any kind of reinforcements and incase they need to get into them for long range combat, in which Spanish had advantage. ...read more.

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