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What Happened At Sharpeville On 21 March 1960- Massacre Or Self Defence?

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Introduction

What Happened At Sharpeville On 21 March 1960 - Massacre Or Self Defence? Q1 Source A and Source B are similar in many ways. They both mention the presence of Saracen cars "Saracen armoured cars" (source A), "Saracens were at Sharpeville" (source B) and they both mention the presence of Police, "a big grey police car" (source A), "Police reinforcements" (Source B). These two sources differ too. They differ because in source A there are "three Saracen armoured cars", however in source B there are "a dozen Saracens". Overall the tone of the two sources is completely different. This is because while one source states that there are "three Saracen cars" the other states that there are "a dozen Saracens". This meaning that one of the sources is wrong. The reason for this is because the writers of these sources are different. One is from England and one is from South Africa. This is important because the South African writer may be trying to get rid of apartheid. The English writer does not really have a motive; this is because the police may have given this report to him and he believes them. Q2 Source C supports source A. this is because in source C you can see that the protestors peaceful and that there were Saracen cars around. In source A it mentions the presence of Saracen cars "Saracen armoured cars" in source A it implies that the protestors are peaceful "some kids waved to the policemen". ...read more.

Middle

Sources E and G are different because we cannot see what the people are running from and we cannot see any police. Though we can see a building behind the protestors we cannot be sure that it is a police station. In source E it says that there is "no living thing in the huge compound in front of the police station" however in source G we can see that people are running. In source E we are also told that the protestors are running from bullets"we heard the chatter of machine guns" however we cannot see the bullets. Source E is the more useful of the two sources when wishing to discover what happened at Sharpeville because it explains in great detail what happened. The photograph however does not do this, as we can only understand what is happening because we are told about it in Source E. However if we combine the evidence provided by both of the sources we are given an overall view of what has happened. These two sources compliment each other and make Tyler's account more reliable. Q5 Source H is written by Colonel Piernaar a police commander at Sharpeville. He made this statement so that he could protect the police's popularity. This source justifies police action by saying that black people become violent when in large groups "the native mentality does not allow African to gather for peaceful demonstrations" therefore saying that the police did not open fire first and when they did they did it in self-defence. ...read more.

Conclusion

Source I supports statement b as it says that "disturbances occurred" However Source A disagrees with statement b as it says that the protestors are not violent "they were grinning and cheerful". Source B disagrees with statement b as it says that a council car was present and in the statement there is no mention of the council car. Source C disagrees with statement b as it shows that the people are standing around. Source D disagrees with statement b as it shows that the people are doing a peaceful protest. Source E disagrees with Statement b as it says that "Hundreds of women rushed past us" Source F disagrees with statement b as it says that the protestors were completely innocent. Source G shows disagrees with statement a as it shows people to be unarmed, therefore they could not have harmed police. Source H does not disagree with statement b. Source I does not disagree with statement b. There is evidence that sources a to I provide that support both statement to a certain point. It is important to note that some sources may be biased; this may be to justify or highlight the events. This brings reliability into question. However the most accurate statement seems to be statement a. this is because statement a is strengthened a lot more than statement b making it the more reliable of the two. This is because sources A to I almost have exactly the same thing in common with statement a, this is the fact that the protestors are not violent. 1875 Words in total. Abdul Mufti Candidate Number: 4138 Centre Number: 13329 11. F ...read more.

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