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What happened at Sharpeville On 21st March 1960 - Massacre or Self defence: source related study.

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Coursework- What happened at Sharpeville On 21st March 1960-Massacre or Self defence Study Sources A & B 1. How far do these sources agree about what happened in Sharpeville on the morning of 21st March? Use the sources to explain your answer. Source A is an extract from Humphrey Tyler early in the day at Sharpeville. He was the only journalist to witness the events at Sharpeville. Source B is a report by an English paper on the 22nd March 1960. Both of the sources agree and disagree about the events at Sharpeville. They both agree that the blacks were there to protest peacefully and just chanting and that there were reinforcements for the whites in the form of the Saracens. The two sources also disagree, they disagree that the black were being violent and abusive they also disagree about ............ Source A is all about the blacks and how they were acting. They were acting peacefully and cheerfully. There was a peaceful atmosphere and you could tell this when Tyler writes "Some kids waved to the policeman sitting on the Saracens, and the two of them waved back". The also says to me that was peaceful because Tyler described the day as a "Sunday outing". ...read more.


The Source is also reliable because the Bishop is a religious man and it would be seen as a sin if he had lied. The statement " Nearly all of those who were later treated in hospital had been shot in the back"; this says to me that the blacks were running away. The fact that the people who were running away can be checked because if they were running away they would have been shot in the back. This means that the Source is reliable because the facts can be checked over and it is visual evidence that means that people cant make it up, it is hard evidence. Another fact that makes the Source reliable is that the Bishop is white and you would expect him to take the white point of view and defend the whites. However, although there were a lot of factors that meant that the Source was reliable, there are also factors that make the Source unreliable. For instance the fact that the Bishop wasn't there and doesn't know what went on and is just taking the blacks word for it, but the blacks want to abolish the apartheid and so even though they haven't talked to each other they know what every one else will say. ...read more.


For example Source H is the view of the Colonel Pioneer the leader of the defences e.g. the police, and Source I is the view of Dr Veorwood who was the Prime Minister of South Africa. Veorwood is the person who instigated the idea for apartheid. Veorwood basically says that it was the blacks that who were at fault because there were so many of them who were acting violently and provocatively. An example of this is when Veorwood says, "the demonstrators were entering peoples homes and forcibly removing their identity books". This is the only Source that it says anything like this in so how can it be believable when you have someone that is strongly for apartheid, and who wasn't even there when someone like Tyler was there and isn't biased. Tyler doesn't mention anything about this matter so this is why Veorwood's account isn't reliable. Veorwood is just exaggerating the truth to get people on his side. An example of this is when he says, "The crowds grew until there was some 20,000 people there", when we know from Tyler's report that there was only just 4,000 people there. Source H was a speech from Colonel Pioneer also showed the white point of view and the same as Veorwood's. You can tell this because he comments on ...read more.

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