• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What happened in February 1917 and why did Nicholas abdicate

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What happened in February 1917 and why did Nicholas abdicate? 1) Already suffering from the lack of food, the Okhrana report states that further unrest from the proletariat especially was caused by: the prohibition of all labour meetings; the closing down of trade unions; the persecution of men taking an active part in the sick benefit funds and the suspension of labour newspapers. 2) Rodzyanko was the president of the duma, and he warned Nicholas on the 14th February that "serious outbreaks of unrest" were inevitable, and that the tsar should trust no one near him, as "there is not one honest man in your entourage; all the decent people have either been dismissed or have left." 3) 9th January 1917: the Worker's group (of the war industries committee) in Petrograd issue a call for all worker's to strike in memory of the victims of Bloody Sunday. 140,000 respond. 14th February: strike organised by same people on day of the reconvening of the Duma to protest for more radical change in the government. The arrest of the leader of this group, Protopopov meant that the demonstration was called off. However, 90,000 strikers still turned up. ...read more.

Middle

they called for the end of the war and a new government. Nicholas, away at the front was unaware of the seriousness of the situation and ordered that order be reinstated by military force. Cossack troops fired into the crowds in a dark reminder of how troops had shot at women and children on Bloody Sunday. Order was restored in the sense that the crowds were dispersed, but the mutiny of a small group of soldiers at the Petrograd garrison was merely an ominous foreshadowing of what was about to come. 9) Kahbolov found responding to Nicholas' command to restore order as difficult as along with the complete insubordination of his own troops, other militia and the Police were either too busy fighting each other or siding with the demonstrators. 10) On 26th February the situation became even more serious as all but a thousand of the Petrograd's garrison of 150,000 troops deserted to join in with the protests; this made the situation in the city more dangerous as well as seriously depleting the front line of men to fight under general Ivanov. 11) On the 27th February the mutinous soldiers joined with the striking workers and all hell broke loose: prisoners were released from the Peter and Paul fortress; the Ministry of the interior was sacked; the Okhrana headquarters were overrun; The Winter Palace was occupied and arsenals were seized. ...read more.

Conclusion

18) It was in Pskov that Nicholas met up with some of his leading generals and representatives of the old Duma. They advised him not to return to Petrograd saying the situation had become so serious that the act would be both futile and dangerous. Along with Rodzyanko, they advised him to abdicate his throne, which the masses were crying out for, so that the monarchy would have a chance of survival. This they hoped would prevent a full-scale revolution. 19) Deciding to renounce his son Alexei as his successor due to his haemophilia, Nicholas appointed his brother, the Grand Duke Michael instead. He hoped with him removed and with his brother in his place, the monarchy would remain intact. 20) By default then, the Provisional Committee renamed "Provisional Government' became responsible for governing all of Russia. The Petrograd Soviet remained in the background however as the unofficial voice of the striking workers, a mighty group in number. 21) The Provisional Government represented the propertied classes, and was populated with ministers who wished to usher in a government modelled on the European constitutionalism. They wished to improve the lot of the people of Russia. The Petrograd Soviet on the other hand represented the striking workers and had left wing tendencies. Their primary interest at the start was to ensure that the Provisional Government noticed the proletariat. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was Nicholas II Responsible for His Own Downfall? What can you learn from ...

    4 star(s)

    Source C also agrees with the information given from Mikhail Rodzianko in Source B. Source B is accurate and trustworthy, it tells us of how the Tsar is gradually losing grip on his capital city. This agrees with sources C as Source B tells of the loss of control in

  2. Why was the Tsar Forced to Abdicate in 1917?

    There were plans to take food by force, but the government abandoned this idea, afraid it would spark widespread revolts. The people of Russia became starving and desperate. What was even worse was that there was enough food and fuel, it just couldn't be transported into the cities.

  1. Why does the Tsar abdicate in 1917?

    This number of people and mouths to feed was unable to be sustained by the outdated methods of production and farming and when the pressure of war hit the countryside, the gaps in the rural economy led to an economic upset of the industry in the towns.

  2. Why did the Tsar abdicate in 1917?

    fact that the progressive block were ready to take over if anything did happen i.e. the Tsar's abdication. They would be a better government, as they owned all industries, which meant they could get foreign trade back on track.

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    However, through the law of uneven and combined development (1), foreign capital had established the largest and most modern industries in the cities of Russia, uprooting the peasantry and creating a proletariat virtually over night. This new working class, on the basis of experience, was to look towards the most

  2. The February Revolution 1917.

    housewife choirs, and women didn't really have a say on politics during 1917. This shows that not only are men getting angry from this situation but the women have also had enough. This banner looks to be saying bread, peace and land.

  1. Why did Tzar Nicholas II abdicate in 1917 and not in 1905?

    Ultimately he was able to control the revolution in 1905 and his position wasn't threatened. But in 19 17 Russia was losing the First World War. This was much worse than any war they had previously been in, Russia's land and was being threatened and the Russian population was forced to move.

  2. Why did the Tsar abdicate after the 1917 revolution

    But the war revealed the weaknesses of the Tsar's regime. As the fighting was in the far east of Russia it took the Tsar some to time to get his troops there which immediately gave Japan the upper hand. The Russian Baltic Fleet was ordered to sail half way round the world to take part in the fighting.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work