• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11

What happened on Bloody Sunday?

Extracts from this document...


HISTORY COURSEWORK BLOODY SUNDAY "Sheer unadulterated murder" -MAJOR HUBERT O' NEILL Contents Page Page 3 Introduction and NICRA 4 Internment 5 Parachute regiment and Bogside 6-7 Bloody Sunday 8 Consequences of Bloody Sunday 9-10 Why did it take so long for another inquiry to be set up? 11 Bibliography Q1. What happened on Bloody Sunday? In order to fully understand what took place on Bloody Sunday I feel that we need to examine the events leading up to this contentious event. Bloody Sunday is named after the events that occurred on Sunday 30 January 1972 when British soldiers shot dead 13 men and injured 14 others. A further victim died later. The killings took place in the predominantly nationalist city of Derry. The victims had been taking part in an illegal march against internment without trial. It had been organised by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) and was both a protest against internment and a protest against the ban on the right to march. NICRA (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association) The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association was formed in January 1967 as a response to four decades of Unionist discrimination against Catholics. They were undoubtedly influenced by Martin Luther King's "I have a dream" speech. The organisation protested against the Unionist government's treatment of Catholics. Their demands were simple: * One Man, One Vote * End gerrymandering1 * End discrimination in the allocation of government jobs * Fair allocation of local council houses * End the Special Powers Act2 * Disband the B Specials3 Nationalists obviously supported this movement however some Unionists had different views. ...read more.


At around 3.45pm, most of the marchers followed the organisers' instructions and turned right into Rossville Street to hold a meeting at 'Free Derry Corner'. However a section of the crowd continued along William Street to the British Army barricade and a riot developed. (Confrontations between the Catholic youth of Derry and the British Army had become a common feature of life in the city and many observers reported that the rioting was not particularly intense.) At approximately 3.55pm, away from the riot and also out of sight of the meeting, soldiers, (believed to be a machine-gun platoon of Paratroopers) in a derelict building in William Street, opened fire (shooting 5 rounds) and injured Damien Donaghy (15) and John Johnston (59). Both were treated for injuries and were taken to hospital (Johnston died on 16 June 1972). It has been suggested that an Official IRA member then fired a single shot in response at the soldiers in the derelict building but there has been no evidence to clarify this. Also around this time (about 3.55pm) as the riot in William Street was breaking up, Paratroopers requested permission to begin an arrest operation. By about 4.05pm most people had moved to 'Free Derry Corner' to attend the meeting. Shortly after 4pm an order was given for a 'sub unit' (Support Company) of the 1st Battalion Parachute Regiment to move into William Street to begin an arrest operation directed at any remaining rioters. The order authorising the arrest operation specifically stated that the soldiers were "not to conduct running battle down Rossville Street". ...read more.


People would start to question their actions in the past and in the present i.e. their presence in Iraq or other countries around the world. The Bloody Sunday Inquiry was announced by the Prime Minister, Tony Blair, in a statement to the House of Commons on 29 January 1998. As cease-fires continued, the peace process was strengthened and Sinn Fein were involved with other parties in round table negotiations. In this atmosphere the British Government felt compelled to start up a new inquiry particularly given the basis for the current inquiry was new evidence that was now available. The weight of new material available was such that the events of 30 January 1972 required re-examination. This is one of the reasons why the Saville Inquiry was arranged. A Channel Four documentary found new evidence for Lord Saville as well as evidence found by the Irish Government. There was also the Irish government's dossier and the book by Dan Mullan "Eyewitness". To conclude I feel that the reason why it took so long for an inquiry to be arranged is because of the fact the British government did not want to admit to carrying out this atrocity. It would humiliate their judicial system as well as their reputation. The only reason why I think that they authorised a new Inquiry to be set up was because of increasing pressure from leaders of the world and the cease-fire of the PIRA. Once the cease-fire was announced they had no reason not to let a new inquiry initiate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Free essay

    Bloody Sunday

    Where as if he only spoke to Protestants, then he would write about how innocent the soldiers were. Also because it's a labour paper he has more freedom to publish what he wants including proof or facts, but this could lead him to side with the Catholics.

  2. Northern Ireland - Bloody Sunday.

    They were not told about the IRA's "no shooting" promise. At 3.55pm one high-velocity shot rang out. The person that fired the shot is not known. No one was hit but it had a big effect on the Paras. Moments later General Robert Ford urged his forces into action saying: "Go on, No.

  1. Explain why Bloody Sunday Happened.

    This fixing led to discrimination against Catholic and it became a feature of the Northern Ireland state - even at the highest levels. Catholics hardly ever got jobs in the civil service. Protestant Unionists used their power to help their own community and Catholics found it difficult to get jobs or decent council houses.

  2. What Happened at Sharpeville on 21st March 1960?Massacre or Self-Defence?

    It shows they knew something was going to happen because of their need to protect themselves. However, the reporter from Source B explains how the police had to "force a way in using the Saracen's." This suggests that the demonstrators were putting up a strong resistance.

  1. Which of these two sources would a historian studying 'Bloody Sunday' find the more ...

    Source G seems to me to suggest that 'Bloody Sunday' was caused by a combination of the problems with Japan and the poor living and working conditions in St Petersburg and so does not entirely support the view that they were the only cause of 'Bloody Sunday'.

  2. The build up to Bloody Sunday, and why it happened.

    This near enough saw the setting up of "non-go areas" were the normal rule of law didn't function. During the day a catholic civilian was shot dead by the USC during street disturbances. The next day there were more riots in Belfast where many people were killed and families were forced out of their homes.

  1. “Why has it proved so difficult to reach agreement about what happened on Bloody ...

    Obviously the soldiers saw Bloody Sunday as "teaching the Derry Young Hooligans a lesson", as Sir Harry Tuzo put it,whilst the marchers would obviously have seen the shooting as a pointless and blatant massacre. This is the main issue with regards to the evidence: people may only have seen what

  2. Peace and Justice (corrymela)

    Explain whether the Croi is meant to be inclusive or exclusive. Inclusive; the circular room, gifts from various cultures and worship led by the laity (any member of the congregation) 7) Describe briefly John McCourt's tour of Derry. John led us round Londonderry and described to us the history

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work