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What have the IRA done to unite Eire and Northern Ireland since 1972

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Introduction

Lisa Dougherty 11W What have the IRA done to unite Eire and Northern Ireland since 1972 The IRA have used a combination of peaceful, sometimes political tactics and also violent vicious tactics in order to unite Eire and Northern Ireland. In order to understand these tactics we must look at them in greater detail. The IRA was founded in 1858 they were formally known as the Irish Republican Brotherhood and later became the Irish Republican Army in 1972. In 1969 a single group broke away, forming the Provisional IRA. This terrorist group was a younger group than the former IRA, and was said to also become a more powerful group. In 1971 a provisional IRA member shot dead a British Soldier, the first to be killed in Northern Ireland since 1969. This caused Internment to be brought into action. ...read more.

Middle

By targeting important and famous people this has shown the IRA as a very powerful terrorist group. The IRA is known for conducting bombing campaigns in Northern Ireland and also in Britain. On the 20th July 1982 a bomb in Hyde Park in London killed 8 soldiers and 7 horses during a parade and in March 1993, a bomb planted by the IRA went off and killed two children in Warrington. Other targets of the IRA have been famous shops and buildings. In December 1983 a bomb exploded outside Harrods in London, killing 5 people and injuring 80. This caused good publicity for the IRA as people would not go to London. The IRA also targeted the London stock exchange, House of commons, and the Bank of England. As well as the violent approaches the IRA also used more peaceful approaches in order to capture the sympathy of the public. ...read more.

Conclusion

These countries agreed with the IRA and thought Britain had no rights to rule Northern Ireland. They also held marches in peaceful protest but some just resorted back to violence. The IRA declared a cease-fire on 31st August 1994. However they refused to hand over their weapons, because of this Sinn Fein (a political party set up in 1905) were not allowed to take part in the talks about the uniting of Ireland. The IRA did not feel the cease-fire was improving their chances of reuniting Ireland and they ended it 17 months later on 9th February 1996. They exploded a bomb in London Docklands killing two innocent people. The IRA got a lot of public sympathy from around the world by events such as Bloody Sunday, however this sympathy has been lost even by Irish Catholics by the number of innocent people who have been killed in Britain and Ireland. Ireland is still not united to this day however peaceful talks are underway. ...read more.

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