• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What impact did Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam have on the civil rights movement in the United States of Americain the period between 1960 and 1965?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Individual History Essay - Draft1 What impact did Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam have on the civil rights movement in the United States of America in the period between 1960 and 1965? In the United States of America (USA), in the period 1960 to 1965, the Nation of Islam and Malcolm X had a strong impact on the civil rights movement. Through the bold teachings of Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X, African-Americans gained a greater awareness of the horrific atrocities committed against them by Caucasians throughout the history of the USA and specifically during the civil rights campaign, and this impacted on the civil rights movement as issues such as racial violence and inequality were exposed by the teachings of the Nation of Islam. The Nation of Islam empowered many African-Americans to stand up for their human rights, whilst Malcolm X provided a strong example to African-Americans of someone who was willing to stand up for the fundamental rights of the race which positively impacted on the civil rights movement. The Nation of Islam offered an extreme alternative to the non-violent approach of Martin Luther King Junior and other civil rights groups and made the demands for equality of King far more acceptable to Caucasians, despite the fact that the sense of militancy that accompanied Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam gave the ...read more.

Middle

The Nation of Islam also used African history to unite and empower African-Americans who had limited knowledge of any racial history, as Malcolm X stated, "one of the things that made the Black Muslim movement grow was its emphasis upon things African. African blood, African origin, African culture, African ties. And you'd be surprised - we discovered that deep within the subconscious of the black man in this country, he is still more African than he is American."6 The united African-American front of the Nation of Islam is illustrated in the establishment of This outspoken and strong leadership of Malcolm X, similarly impacted upon the civil rights movement as African-Americans began to follow the example Malcolm X set as demonstrated through the testimony of a militant following Malcolm X's death, "What made Malcolm X a great man, is that he had the guts to say what nine-tenths of American Negroes would like to say but don't have the guts to say".7 Malcolm X attracted many African-Americans to the Nation of Islam through promoting a religion that was perceived to stand up for African-Americans against Caucasians, "I believe in a religion that believes in freedom. Any time I have to accept a religion that won't let me fight a battle for my people, I say to hell with that religion"8. ...read more.

Conclusion

The strong, purposeful philosophies of Malcolm X who was renowned for his famous "by any means necessary" statement, gave African-Americans a militant figure who was prepared to physically fight Caucasians. This appealed to many African-Americans who wanted to counteract Caucasian violence with violence. Malcolm X's consistent threat to the Caucasian community also impacted on the civil rights campaign as Caucasians felt threatened by the Nation of Islam and Malcolm X. The creation of the militant African-American, Black Panther Party, "in the wake of the assassination of black leader Malcolm X"12, in 1966, illustrates the impact of Malcolm X's militant that inspired the creation of this group that Federal Bureau of Investigation chief J. Edgar Hoover described as, "the greatest threat to the internal security of the United States"13. Conclusion 1 What is Islam? What is a Muslim?, http://www.muhammadspeaks.com/about.html 2 ibid. 3 A. Haley, The Autobiography of Malcolm X, Penguin, 4 R.W. Logan, The betrayal of the Negro: From Rutherford B. Hayes to Woodrow Wilson, New York, Macmillan, P.239. 5 The Nation of Islam, http://www.noi.org.html 6 The Official Website of Malcolm X, www.cmgww.com/historic/malcolm/quotations.html 7 ibid. 8 ibid. 9 ibid. 10 The Official Website of Malcolm X, www.cmgww.com/historic/malcolm/quotations.html 11 Malcolm X,"God's angry men", WO, 31 May 1958 (FBI files 105-8999-788) 12 The Black Panther, http://www.blackpanther.org/TenPoint.htm 13 ibid. Modern History 12 Individual Essay Cullen Bailey ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Political Philosophy of Dr. Martin Luther King and Malcolm X - a comparison.

    Malcolm attacked the United States government by speaking against their military activities in Vietnam and the Congo. He also scoffed at Martin Luther King, which made him become more radical to excite new followers and students on his side. Malcolm X had always the same belief as his father, that he had to die a violent death.

  2. The Civil Rights Movement Project

    Malcolm X once said that if `whites use guns why can't blacks`, which is true, as whites weren't just using guns and knives, they were lynching blacks and beating them up for no reason as well as destroying black communities too.

  1. Malcolm X essay project

    What made Malcolm X change his religion to Islam? Malcolm X has changed religion during his time in prison in 1948. At first when Malcolm had met Elijah he did not like the idea of religion. However after Malcolm received a letter from his brother Reginald he became more interested.

  2. Blacks and their civil rights

    The way King approached matters was always backed up by his Christian beliefs i.e. he believed in the Bible teachings 'turn the other cheek' and 'love your neighbour' these teachings made King look upon everybody as equals, disregarding their colour or social background and to not meet violence with violence.

  1. Martin and Malcolm: Two Voices for Justice

    his evil deeds against the black man.20 Like Martin, Malcolm developed five objectives. His first was unity, which called for the black community to come together with love and respect for each other. He believed that self-hate was the number one problem in the black community.

  2. Malcolm X essay

    In New York City, Little began selling and using narcotics, gambling, and steering whites looking for sex in Harlem to the correct locales. During World War II he parlayed his zoot-suit, street-hustler image and the fears of the white psychiatrist at the induction center into a draft exemption.

  1. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    This WASP, rural affluent grouping would collapse in the wake of 'Watergate' in 1976, but would re-emerge in 1980 - 1992 to allow first Ronald Regan and then George Bush to win the Presidency for the Republicans. The importance of Watergate * Nixon was forced to resign and replaced by Gerald Ford.

  2. Civil rights movement - questions and answers.

    Surely this was unfair and should be resolved? They had enough trouble finding schools they were able to attend but when they finally did the conditions were poor, they had barely enough teachers to teach the children and the few they did have had no qualifications!

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work