• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What impact did Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam have on the civil rights movement in the United States of Americain the period between 1960 and 1965?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Individual History Essay - Draft1 What impact did Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam have on the civil rights movement in the United States of America in the period between 1960 and 1965? In the United States of America (USA), in the period 1960 to 1965, the Nation of Islam and Malcolm X had a strong impact on the civil rights movement. Through the bold teachings of Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X, African-Americans gained a greater awareness of the horrific atrocities committed against them by Caucasians throughout the history of the USA and specifically during the civil rights campaign, and this impacted on the civil rights movement as issues such as racial violence and inequality were exposed by the teachings of the Nation of Islam. The Nation of Islam empowered many African-Americans to stand up for their human rights, whilst Malcolm X provided a strong example to African-Americans of someone who was willing to stand up for the fundamental rights of the race which positively impacted on the civil rights movement. The Nation of Islam offered an extreme alternative to the non-violent approach of Martin Luther King Junior and other civil rights groups and made the demands for equality of King far more acceptable to Caucasians, despite the fact that the sense of militancy that accompanied Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam gave the ...read more.

Middle

The Nation of Islam also used African history to unite and empower African-Americans who had limited knowledge of any racial history, as Malcolm X stated, "one of the things that made the Black Muslim movement grow was its emphasis upon things African. African blood, African origin, African culture, African ties. And you'd be surprised - we discovered that deep within the subconscious of the black man in this country, he is still more African than he is American."6 The united African-American front of the Nation of Islam is illustrated in the establishment of This outspoken and strong leadership of Malcolm X, similarly impacted upon the civil rights movement as African-Americans began to follow the example Malcolm X set as demonstrated through the testimony of a militant following Malcolm X's death, "What made Malcolm X a great man, is that he had the guts to say what nine-tenths of American Negroes would like to say but don't have the guts to say".7 Malcolm X attracted many African-Americans to the Nation of Islam through promoting a religion that was perceived to stand up for African-Americans against Caucasians, "I believe in a religion that believes in freedom. Any time I have to accept a religion that won't let me fight a battle for my people, I say to hell with that religion"8. ...read more.

Conclusion

The strong, purposeful philosophies of Malcolm X who was renowned for his famous "by any means necessary" statement, gave African-Americans a militant figure who was prepared to physically fight Caucasians. This appealed to many African-Americans who wanted to counteract Caucasian violence with violence. Malcolm X's consistent threat to the Caucasian community also impacted on the civil rights campaign as Caucasians felt threatened by the Nation of Islam and Malcolm X. The creation of the militant African-American, Black Panther Party, "in the wake of the assassination of black leader Malcolm X"12, in 1966, illustrates the impact of Malcolm X's militant that inspired the creation of this group that Federal Bureau of Investigation chief J. Edgar Hoover described as, "the greatest threat to the internal security of the United States"13. Conclusion 1 What is Islam? What is a Muslim?, http://www.muhammadspeaks.com/about.html 2 ibid. 3 A. Haley, The Autobiography of Malcolm X, Penguin, 4 R.W. Logan, The betrayal of the Negro: From Rutherford B. Hayes to Woodrow Wilson, New York, Macmillan, P.239. 5 The Nation of Islam, http://www.noi.org.html 6 The Official Website of Malcolm X, www.cmgww.com/historic/malcolm/quotations.html 7 ibid. 8 ibid. 9 ibid. 10 The Official Website of Malcolm X, www.cmgww.com/historic/malcolm/quotations.html 11 Malcolm X,"God's angry men", WO, 31 May 1958 (FBI files 105-8999-788) 12 The Black Panther, http://www.blackpanther.org/TenPoint.htm 13 ibid. Modern History 12 Individual Essay Cullen Bailey ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Political Philosophy of Dr. Martin Luther King and Malcolm X - a comparison.

    On February 21 in 1965, Malcolm X was shot down by three men connected with the Nation of Islam. This happened right before he was to accuse the United States at the United Nations on the charges of denial of human rights and genocide against African-Americans.

  2. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

    The Klu Klux Klan (KKK) this gang of people were and are still to this day a white supremist group, who started up from the end of the civil war. If they don't like someone they will intimidate burn, lynch and murder them, there were lots of "types" they didn't like.

  1. The Civil Rights Movement Project

    to get noticed as well as getting things changed, his view was shared by many people. Controversially Martin Luther King thought this was the way to stir up hate for Black Americans and delay the new laws being passed. Dr King thought that if violence wasn't used, then White Americans wouldn't have a reason to hate Black Americans.

  2. Malcolm X essay project

    What made Malcolm X change his religion to Islam? Malcolm X has changed religion during his time in prison in 1948. At first when Malcolm had met Elijah he did not like the idea of religion. However after Malcolm received a letter from his brother Reginald he became more interested.

  1. Blacks and their civil rights

    The way King approached matters was always backed up by his Christian beliefs i.e. he believed in the Bible teachings 'turn the other cheek' and 'love your neighbour' these teachings made King look upon everybody as equals, disregarding their colour or social background and to not meet violence with violence.

  2. Martin and Malcolm: Two Voices for Justice

    Rather than define it through the Christian ideal to love one's enemy, Malcolm defined it by the Muslim concept of "an eye for an eye." He believed that justice would prevail when God, Allah, punished the white man for

  1. Malcolm X essay

    In New York City, Little began selling and using narcotics, gambling, and steering whites looking for sex in Harlem to the correct locales. During World War II he parlayed his zoot-suit, street-hustler image and the fears of the white psychiatrist at the induction center into a draft exemption.

  2. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    Nixon's Achievements * Most, if indeed all, of Nixon's achievements were related to Foreign Affairs. He cared little for domestic politics and it showed. * He was a Conservative and he cared little for the Reforms of Roosevelt's New Deal in the 1930's, Truman's Fair Deal in the 1940's and JFK's New Frontier or the Great Society of the 1960's.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work