• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is meant by the term final solution? How did the Nazis attempt genocide in the years 1941-45?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What is meant by the term final solution? How did the Nazis attempt genocide in the years 1941-45? Hitler never liked the Jews because he blamed them for Germany's defeat in WW1, and from the moment he came into power it was inevitable that there was going to be a lot of mistreatment towards the Jews. By 1938 500,000 Jews were either persuaded or forced to leave Germany which was Hitler's aim at the time. Between 1939-45 was the most horrific time for Jews as 6 million Jews including women and children were killed which is now know as genocide this may also be called the Holocaust. What is meant by final solution is that this was Hitler's most devastating plan to get rid of the Jews that wouldn't fail. Some Historians believe that getting rid of the Jews was Hitler's main aim but other Historians believe that Hitler at first had no plan of exterminating all the Jews and that it was because of the results of WW2 and his other aims that he took his anger out on the Jews. ...read more.

Middle

by trucks to a nearby wood, where they would be forced to dig a trench, then the whole community would be shot. Other methods were considered and between 1939-41 the SS had gained experience in gassing mental and disabled people. The Final Solution was systematic as they knew who was going to be killed and when and where it was going to be done, Jews were killed in many different ways such as simply being shot, beaten up or burnt to death. Himmler who was the head of the SS was given the job of organising the Final Solution and he was helped by Heydrich. They sent special groups round rounding up all the Jews to send them to concentration camps. At first Jews were killed by being shot in front of huge pits but this method was to slow so Himmler decided that bigger gas chambers were needed so that they were able to hold about 2,000 people and that cyanide gas would be used. The journey to the camps was quite terrible first they would be taken to the railway stations and crammed into stinking, airless trucks then a bucket would be thrown in to be used as a toilet. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although the Final Solution was very successful in getting rid of the Jews it was quite a slow process and in the end probably ended up costing Germany the War or at least hindered the war effort this was because they used a lot of men and fuel on this operation. Many of the Nazis who had carried out the Final Solution were arrested and sent to trial. It was said that up to 200,000 Nazis were responsible for the genocide of the Jews and only 35,000 of these were convicted although others have been caught since then. Nearly 6 million Jews had been killed but the Jews weren't the only groups to be murdered, the list of people killed also included political opponents of the Nazis, homosexuals, Jehovah's witnesses, anti social elements, Russian prisoners of war and gypsies. This saw an end of a terrible 6 years for Jews and they could only hope that something like this could never happen again and could hopefully be able to get on with there lives. ?? ?? ?? ?? Shaun Kennedy ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How and why were the Nazis able to carry out "the Final Solution to ...

    As the Allies were getting ready to invade in 1944 Jews were active in the underground groups that disrupted German communications in France. In some ghettos the Jewish leaders thought that by assisting the Nazis and manufacturing goods for them in their workshops they were protecting their people.

  2. How much did the German People know about the final solution?

    This source could be crucial in finding how information leaked from the concealed concentration camps and how people could have found out. Looking at a number of sources from the same perspective, could also tell us how strict the SS was at the time and if they knew people had known about the concentration camps.

  1. Hitler and the Nazis - how the Nazis gained power and how they used ...

    THE NAZIS AND THE JEWS Hitler had an obsessive hatred of Jewish people and from 1933 he was able to use his power to persecute the, Anti-Semitism became Government policy. Laws against the Jews: These represented that Jews were banned from Government jobs, they were forbidden to join the army and so could not serve their own country.

  2. The Final Solution - Sources Questions

    it implies that the Germans did not know what was 'going on.' Source 9, B Engelmann, gives rise to great discussion. Depending on how it is looked upon determines whether or not this source may be found to be a reliable first hand account.

  1. Why was the decision to carry out the final solution made in 1941?

    'cumulative radicalization', born of individual initiatives by the Nazi party, government and military officials. What is clear is that it was the ideology behind anti Semitism that gave the Nazi party the impetus to carry out the final solution. Anti Semitism had existed in Germany and other European countries for hundreds of years.

  2. Berlin/the Villa at Wannsee where on the 20th of January 1942 the Nazis decided ...

    Aryan race, such as Blacks, Gypsies, the Disabled and other minority groups like homosexuals. The two types of camps would appear almost identical to the naked eye, Prisoners arrived in exactly the same way, in crowded cattle wagons, many people would die just on the journey to the camps, because

  1. "What was the purpose of the Final Solution?"

    Hitler on the other hand, was extremely racist; even by the far right's standard. It was not just the typical prejudice Germans had for Jews. He was obsessed with the idea of "racial contamination" by the Jews of the "pure blooded Aryan master race."

  2. In what ways did the Nazis attempt to eliminate all Jews in Europe from ...

    The war acted as an obstacle because the Jews would need to be deported by boat, and with the Royal Navy on guard at sea at all times, the boats would soon be detected, and become a new target. Leaving this idea behind, Hitler and Himmler swiftly changed the destination,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work