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What Is Terrorism?

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Introduction

What Is Terrorism? Rob Taylor 10M1 Terrorism is a very confused word and there is no perfect definition for it. I think there is a core definition then you get different types of terrorism which follow the core but have different layers to them. In my opinion the core definition is: the attack must be deliberate and pre-planned, it must be driven by a cause, the targets must be civilians and it must aim to cause fear and terror. If you compare this core with the July 7 bombings you can see this is a terrorist act as it fits all the definitions. They July 7 bombings were planned; this is obvious, because all 3 bombs went off within 50 seconds of each other. It was driven by a cause as they wanted to make Muslim's treated fairly, it targeted civilians and it caused fear and terror across England and the World. ...read more.

Middle

Next government terrorism, this is when governments kill or torture innocent victims just because they oppose the government, to keep power in a country. This intimidates people and the will not say what they think so the government can stay in power, a good example of this is the French Revolution, this happened in 1789-1799 between 12,000-40,000 people were killed for opposing or being suspected of opposing the government, this usually happened without a fair trial. This fits in government terrorism because the government were trying to stay in power by terrorising its people, by killing innocent civilians. Next terrorism in wars of liberation, also known as freedom fighters, this is usually used against the government, directly or indirectly, to achieve political aims but "One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter." A good example is the July 7 bombings again, they believed that Muslims were not being treated fairly so tried to fight for their freedom. ...read more.

Conclusion

It could be seen as war terrorism because Mohammed Sidique Khan said in a pre-recorded speech - "We are at war, and I am a soldier." So he obviously believed they were at war. As you can see there are a lot of similarities between the different types of terrorism like urban and international: if it takes place in a major city it probably will have international effects. But there are also some major differences for example government terrorism and terrorism in wars of liberation because how/why would a government fight against themselves to achieve political aims. In conclusion, you cannot have one word to define terrorism, it is such an open word and different people see it differently, I think the best example of this is the quote "One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter." This shows that terrorism is a confused word and it depends on personal opinion. ...read more.

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