• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is the treaty of Versailles?

Extracts from this document...


What is the Treaty of Versailles? The treaty of Versailles was a treaty, put together at the Paris Peace Conference (starting in January 1919) which was signed (in the Palace of Versailles in the Hall of Mirrors) at the end of World War One, on 28 June 1919. Germany had lost the war, and therefore, the allies who had won the war against Germany, decided to hold a peace conference in Paris, to decide what they should do now, having won the war. The Conference was leaded mainly by three countries: France, England and USA. Of coarse Germany wasn't invited to the Peace Conference. The leaders of each country, often called the 'Big Three', were France by their Prime Minister George Clemenceau, England by their Prime Minister David Lloyd George, and America by their president Woodrow Wilson. Firstly, let us consider the attitudes of each country that attended the Paris Peace Conference: Georges Clemenceau- Prime Minister of France France had suffered much more that USA or Britain in World War 1. It suffered damage to its land, people, and industry. Over two-thirds of the men who had served in the army had lost their lives, which is 1.5 million military personnel. In addition to this, estimates of 400,000 civilians were lost to the war. ...read more.


No secret treaties 2. Free access to the seas in peacetime or wartime 3. Free trade between countries 4. All countries to work towards disarmament. 5. Colonies to have a say in their own future 6. German troops to leave Russia 7. Independence for Belgium 8. France to regain Alsace-Lorraine 9. Frontier between Austria and Italy to be adjusted 10. Self-determination for the peoples of eastern Europe 11. Serbia to have access to the sea 12. Self-determination for the people in the Turkish Empire 13. Poland to become an independent state with access to the sea 14. League of Nations to be set up You can probably guess now, that the talks at Versailles weren't easily agreed, because all of them had different opinions. That's because the USA had not suffered as bad as France, and Britain also didn't suffer as much as France, as but suffered more than the USA. Clemenceau disagreed to Wilson's kind attitude towards Germany. There were many disagreements, between the Big Three; for example, Britain particularly disagreed with point 2 of the Fourteen Points, which allowed everyone to be able to have access to the seas. Other examples might be disagreements between Wilson and Clemenceau about what to do with the Rhineland, Clemenceau and Lloyd George disagreeing with self-determination because this didn't seem practical and also because allowing people to rule themselves were somewhat threatening to Britain, and last of all, also disagreements on point 4 of the fourteen points, where it says all countries to work towards disarmament. ...read more.


These were the restrictions: * The army was limited to 100,000 men * Conscription was banned * Germany was not allowed armored vehicles, submarines or aircraft * The navy could build only six battleships * The Rhineland became a demilitarized zone, meaning that German troops were not allowed into that area. 5. League of Nations League of Nations was set up as an international police force, for keeping peace. In total, this treaty meant Germany lost 10% of its land, all of its overseas colonies, 12.5% of its population, and 16% of its coalfields, and almost half of its iron and steel industry. The treaty and its terms were announced on 7 May in Germany, and this horrified and outraged the Germans. For example, Germans were angry for the war guilt and reparations. Germany was already corrupt in its economy, because it spent so much money in the war. It would cripple them if they had to pay that much for reparations. Also, the disarmament terms upset the Germans, because the size of their armies had been their pride. Same went to the lost territories. This made them lose their pride. Most of all, they were very angry because they weren't even invited to the Paris Peace Conference, and that their government was not represented at the talks, and that they were forced to accept a harsh treaty. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Who was most pleased with the Treaty of Versailles. Woodrow Wilson or George Clemenceau?

    The remaining African colonies were shared between Belgium and South Africa. In the Pacific, German possessions were shared between Britain, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. In the end, to settle to dispute over reparations, a committee was set up. They finally agreed that $6,600 was to be paid from Germany.

  2. 'How and Why did the Treaty of Versailles differ from Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points?'

    Clause 231 of the Treaty, otherwise known as the war guilt clause, said that Germany had to accept the blame for starting the 'Great War', and because she was guilty of starting the war, Germany had to pay reparations - to pay for all the damage that was caused by

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    It might be argued that the treaty was aimed at completely destroying Germany's economy and that they had lost too much territory and money. People worried that their army would be ruined by it as well. It was argued that the politicians who signed the treaty were tricked because they

  2. Explain the different aims of the three leaders, Clemenceau, Lloyd-George, and Wilson at the ...

    in a nation's waters, and that nations agree to disarm to "the lowest point consistent with domestic safety."5 America's growing policy of isolation meant that they did not want to get too involved in Europe's affairs. Thus by aiming to establish a League, and pacify both the Allies and Germany,

  1. What were the Fourteen Points and how far were that implemented in the Treaty ...

    Point four states that steps will be taken to ensure that all national armies will be reduced and maintained at levels consistent with domestic security.

  2. The airline industry

    Lowering prices will never beat competition! Emphasize on marketing and advertising using the Star Alliance brand. Going onto the web pages of some of the airlines in the Star Alliance program, people do not see right away on what alliance the airline is. Taking United Airlines' homepage as an example, the Star Alliance logo and link are very small on the bottom right corner.

  1. Field Marshall Haig: 'The Butcher of the Somme'?

    the total extremity of the deaths not being wholly understood by each individual soldier and officer. Although this source seems to be extremely unreliable, Haig may not have been completely responsible for the misinformation. He wasn't actually there; meaning source B is a secondary source, less reliable than a primary source.

  2. Wilson's Fourteen Points became the basis of the Treaty of Versailles, which was an ...

    "It was based on an agreement made between the Allied Nations, influenced by Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points... The treaty was signed on June 28, 1919 in Versailles, France. It took effect on January 10, 1920, after being ratified by France, Italy, Japan, Great Britain and Germany," (#9, pg1).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work