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What light does Haffner shed on the failings of Weimar and the rise of Hitler in his memoir, "Defying Hitler"?

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Introduction

Yusuf Shah 10M2 What light does Haffner shed on the failings of Weimar and the rise of Hitler? In his memoir, Defying Hitler, Haffner shares with us his many experiences of what it was like to live in the Weimar Republic, before and during the time Hitler came to power. I shall try and explain some of these musings below. Haffner mentions that the Weimar republic was weak from the beginning. He says that ?most of the leaders were embarrassed?overcome to find power?anxious to be rid of it?. This shows that the politicians of the Weimar Republic were weak as they had had no previous experience in running a democratic government in such a chaotic country at the time. However there was one Gustav Noske, who did much to put down various revolutions, the most widely known being the Spartacist Uprising where most of the revolutionaries were killed by the Freikorps on Noske?s orders. ...read more.

Middle

In mid-August 1923, the Government fell amid fierce fighting in the streets all over Germany as 100 million marks now equalled a Dollar. Many people blamed the Government for the loss of their life savings. It was during this time more rebellions and marches took place, and as the German Reich collapsed, many rumours appeared. Some said that the Rhineland had seceded, others that the French had marched in. In fact, they were not far off. A Rhenish Republic existed for a few days and in Saxony, there was a Communist Government for some weeks which the flailing Government tried to dispatch an army to remove it. Also, many extremist right and left political groups appeared, holding rifle training sessions in the woods around Berlin. Many so-called saviours sprang up, claiming that they had directly received a message from God to save the world. People were also going missing in their dozens, only for their skeletons to be dug up in some woods a few years later. ...read more.

Conclusion

There were also the Social Democrats who had been beaten before the election had been started, as they had been vilified, discredited and blamed for all the failings of Weimar for so long now. The SPD were no longer a political party that were capable of holding office in those times, let alone that nobody trusted them. There were also the Communists in which whatever they did, they always seemed to be beaten and the leaders shot ?while attempting to escape?. That almost seemed to be like a law of nature so often it was true. As I said before, Haffner has shown us through his book that German politics is never simple. This could be because that after the Great War of 1914-1918, the German youth during the early days of the Weimar Republic was ruined. They always seemed to be hungry for action and for a dictatorship. This is what eventually led to people like Hitler trying to gain power, legally or otherwise. ...read more.

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