• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What problem did Russia face after the1905 Revolution? How effective was Nicholas II in dealing with these problems?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What problem did Russia face after the1905 Revolution? How effective was Nicholas II in dealing with these problems? In January 1905, there was a revolutionary tide in Russia. We called this revolution as 1905 Revolution mainly caused by the defeat of Russo-Japanese War in September and the Bloody Sunday Incident in January. In the country, workers, peasants and merchants were holding demonstrations in order to express their discontent to the Czarist government. Although Nicholas II issued the October Manifesto to pacify the discontent of people temporarily, he still had to face some problems after the 1905 Revolution. To regain the support from people, he needed to carry out the reforms in the October Manifesto. His reform included different aspect, such as political aspect, social aspect and economic aspect. He also appointed Peter Stolypin as the prime minister to stabilize the country. Nicholas II had tried his best to regain people's support and stop the revolution tide through the reforms after the 1905 Revolution. ...read more.

Middle

In social aspect, people had to pay a huge land payment, it added to the burden of people. Czar Nicholas II agreed to abolish the land payment to peasant. He also lent loan to farmers and gave subsides to farmers in order to lead them improve farm method by using machine instead of cow and man. This succeeded to create a class of Kulaks, rich people. The land reform had created a rich class at first, and then it would improve the general Russians. This land reform was a long-term scheme to improve the livelihood of general Russians, although it couldn't their life right now. As a result, the land reform still succeeded in long-term period. To win people over to 2 the side of the government, the Czar allowed Stolypin to build schools to provide Russians with eleme ntary education. He also introduced free education with the aim to achieve compulsory free education. This education reform was successful to increase the rate of literacy of Russians. ...read more.

Conclusion

The revolutionary tide even seemed to be died down. Therefore, the industrial reform in Russia was effective. Although the Czar had adopted reforms, it could not reduce the discontent of Russians at all. Russians still felt discontented with the Czar, especially the intellectuals. Intellectuals felt discontent with the Czar because they thought the Czar was an unrepresentative nature of the government. Moreover, they had no right to vote in Duma. The general people had no voice in Duma, except the nobles and rich people. The peasants were also discontent with the Czarist government. The peasant still cultivated with a small piece of plot, their livelihood didn't have much improve. The workers also had no improvement about their poor working condition. The discontent of those Russians had not reduced by Czar's reforms. On the other hand, The Czar had achieved the aims in some reforms, such as education reform, industrial reform and land reform. However, when compared with the whole national reform, these reforms only represented partly success. The discontent of people had not reduced so much, even nearly remain unchanged or increased. In conclusion, Nicholas II was not effective in dealing with problems after 1905 Revolution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a well structured response, which examines each key area of reform and weighs up evidence for and against Nicholas II's effectiveness. The author's opinion is strongly conveyed, which improves the essay but the language is stilted and this hinders the flow of the answer. 4 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 09/04/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was Nicholas II responsible for his own downfall?

    5 star(s)

    The Bloody Sunday massacre shocked people all around the world, it caused a wave of protests against the Tsar more than half a million workers went on strike and later on the 17th February the Tsar's uncle was killed. Nicholas wrote in his diary, "There has been serious disorder in

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    He might be shown giving speeches to the workers or he might be shown embracing children in his arms. This gave the people of Russia a 'father figure' to look up to and admire. If all they had done before was to be ignored by their government and officials, they

  1. What were the Causes of the October Revolution in Russia, 1917?

    There was the war, the economy and the land that needed sorting out. With these major issues not being sorted, the people involved were again becoming more discontent and so turned to extreme parties like the Bolshevicks. This is how the people as a mass links in, because it was

  2. "Tsar of All the Russias" cartoon. Document Analysis & Bloody Sunday Historiography

    The system of Tsardom began to be questioned. d) Explain to what extent the representation presents a reliable view of the Tsar's in the events of January 1905. In your response refer to different views of "Bloody Sunday". This representation of the events of January 1905 portrays the Tsar as a bringer of death, if not Death itself.

  1. Was the October revolution a popular uprising or a coup d(TM)tat?

    lot of independent action within the local levels of the Bolshevik party and the Soviets. They believe that the October revolution was a popular uprising as the take over was aided by the growth of radicalism among the soldiers, workers, sailors and peasants.

  2. How did The Purges affect Russia?

    The wave of Terror also gave Stalin the opportunity to remove the 'old' members of the Bolshevik party who had individual beliefs and who owed nothing to Stalin, and replace them with loyal and obedient followers of whom would never dare question any of Stalin's policies.

  1. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    The Lena Goldfield Massacre had a similar effect to Bloody Sunday and showed the people that nothing had really changed after the 1905 revolution. The Massacre proved that the Tsar still had ultimate power and that he could force anything on his people.

  2. Letter to Tsar Nicholas II about Russia's problems

    There is no fair system and no way to communicate issues with the country to you, the Tsar.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work