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What problems did Lenin face when he became leader of Russia, after the Bolshevik Revolution of October 1917, and why did these problems exist?

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Introduction

Russia Coursework What problems did Lenin face when he became leader of Russia, after the Bolshevik Revolution of October 1917, and why did these problems exist? Introduction The Bolshevik's were a radical offshoot of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. The Bolshevik's held free electrons where all Russians had the right to vote, for a new Russian parliament or Constituent Assemble. A Revolution can also be called a revolt. If a Revolution takes place, it is usually between the country's people and the government. Which was the case in Russia. During a Revolution there are riots and battles between the two conflicting parties. The Tsar (Emperor) was the name given to the leader of Russia. During 1914 the leader was Nicholas II. He was an autocrat. The Tsar abdicated in March 1917. Autocracy is a ruling system where the Tsar in this case has all power. He has the power to make decisions without asking permission or going through any kind of government. Backwards society Russia was seen to be as a backward country. It was economically unstable as well as socially and politically unstable. Economically, Russia was in ruins. Working conditions needed improving as well as living conditions. ...read more.

Middle

Some soldiers also died from wound infections, as there was no equipment to help them, Lack of transport also did not help the Russians during the war. The railways were inadequate, which didn't help the supplying of munitions and soldiers to the front. The railways were far from efficient. There were also many deserters who left the Russian front; this led to decreased force. If deserters were caught, they were likely to be shot. As Russian's forces were led by the Tsar and the Tsar was not a very good war leader. Many unnecessary deaths were caused by Tsar's stupid moved on the war field. All of these problems did not help Russia on the war front. They all played a part in not helping Russia to win the war. The effect of losing the war on the Russian people As Russia was loosing the war, this greatly effected Russian people. As most of Russia's small industry was dedicated to the war effort, the Russian people at home has a lack of surplus goods. There was a lack of food as rationing was taking place. As there was not a lot of food in the first place, it didn't help to have rationing. ...read more.

Conclusion

This crippled the country's food production of things. I.e. iron production was greatly needed in Russia and the strikes greatly reduced the flow of raw materials. As 80% of Russia's population were peasants, Lenin had to try his best to cater for them. He needed to improve their living conditions and working conditions. The peasants also needed say in the way Russia was run, as the peasants played an important role in Russia's society. They were the producers of the majority of Russia's food and they owned most plots of land. Lenin also faced the problem of war. He was not in a stage of readiness for war, and his army was badly equipped and very inefficient. His transport system could not supply all the necessary things for war. Also the small amount of factories which were producing goods for the war were no efficient enough, and could not produce enough munitions to keep the Russian army going. Many soldiers were without weapons or lack of weapons, as well as ammunition and medical supply's. Finally, Russia called for a democratic society. Russia was in need for a re-vamped society. This could only be done if Russia became democratic. Russia didn't have any voting so a new leadership could not be elected. Russia needed a big change in the way their country was run. If this was not changed, the common problems Russia faced would not be changed either. ...read more.

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