• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What problems faced the new republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923? Why did it survive?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Laura Towell 13.1 History Essay What problems faced the new republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923? Why did it survive? The Weimar Republic was a democratic government that ran Germany when the Kaiser abdicated in November 1918. However running the country in the turbulent post war times was far from plain sailing, they had to deal with threats from left wing and right wing factions, the burden of the Versailles treaty and hyperinflation. Weimar survived these crises - but why was it able to? By the end of 1923 the worst was over for them. They had overcome all of these different areas of disaster, and having survived such turbulence as they had, it looked as though the Weimar democracy had a chance of taking root. However, there were several reasons for its survival; some of these reasons were indeed due to the strengths of the Weimar democracy, whereas some were due to the weakness of its opposition in allowing it to survive. The extremist force from both the Left and Right failed to attract much support and were both divided and disorganised. And although many of the army and elite were not committed to democracy, they were not yet prepared to overthrow it as they feared this could lead to greater chaos for themselves and their country. ...read more.

Middle

This would prove essential in Germany's improving economy. Stresemann was significantly involved in introducing the Rentenmark. This began to stabilise the currency and began to settle inflation. This improved economic situation was reflected in the general economic improvements recorded. Between 1920 and 1925, car sales had increased by over 250%, and production from the staple industries was beginning to return to pre war levels. Investment was pored into Germany, as the allied supervision was attractive to investors. National border anxieties were settled in 1925, when the Locarno treaties were signed in London. A greater feeling of security began to embrace Germany for the first time in over ten years. By 1926, Germany had joined The League of Nations, and Germany had a voice at the international level. Germany could now do more for her people abroad and at home, by 1929 even the withdrawal of the allies from the Rhineland was on the cards. It appears that the German people were more uplifted during the late 1920's, and cultural improvements were occurring throughout the country. There was greater production and use of literature, music, and theatre. Germany was beginning to get back on its feet after a hard war, and relations with the allies and between the government and the people were improving. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hiden states that, "No one factor was responsible for the collapse of the Weimar republic, but the combination of factors and circumstances that lead to it's down fall." In conclusion, I believe this crisis period illustrated the weaknesses of the Republic but it also illustrated the weakness of opposition. The political problems, economic problems, and the burden of Versailles all showed a fragile system that would, even now in hindsight seem easily corruptible, the people were discontent and angry, but yet this wasn't enough to topple the government. It appears that as soon as a radical group such as the Nazi's who were wiling to act on the government came along that could divert them away from the Weimar government they accepted it and used it to overthrow them. In my opinion the Weimar Republic would have served better in later years when it hit yet another crisis as evidence of Weimar's incompetence but considering the time period in question, the conditions were not dire enough for the majority to vote for the extremes and so this is why the government survived. In other words, Weimar Germany did not survive 1918-1923 because it was strong, but rather because the threats to its survival were too weak to overthrow them, they had virtually no opposition! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Did stresemann resolve the problems faced by the weimar republic?

    They claimed that it was a sign of a weak government and that Stresemann had given in. this shows that not everyone trusted Stresemann because he seemed weak. The Locarno pact that was signed also lead to a negative

  2. Why did the Weimar Republic fail?

    Therefore the Republic was perhaps not a lost cause from the start. It had a shaky beginning, but it wasn't definitely going to fail as Germany did eventually recover under the Weimar Republic. If the Wall Street Stock Market had not crashed in October 1929, the Weimar Republic may have

  1. Explain how the Treaty of Versailles created many problems for Germany in the period ...

    Hitler declared a 'revolution' had begun. The arrival of Ludendorff (an old army general) at this point appeared to win over Kahr. Ludendorff supported Hitler and forced Kahr to support him by putting a gun to his head. Hitler wanted to hold a putsch in 1923 as Hyperinflation had caused a depression and he thought he would get support.

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    The German Revolution The period 1918-20 is often termed the period of 'German Revolution'. This tern applies to both: * the period of political turmoil and unrest; and * the change from a monarchy to a republic (therefore, the abdication was part of the revolution).

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face between 1919 and 1923?

    demands had not caused so much damage to Germany that the government lacked support. However, it could also be argued that the communists could pose a huge threat in the future if the Weimar Republic continued to lose support due to not improving the situation, but in between 1919 and early 1923, the communists were not high profile.

  2. Was the collapse of the Weimar Republic inevitable?

    The collapse of the Weimar Republic could thus lie partly with Schleicher and Hindenburg, the people who made Hitler chancellor. It was hoped that Hitler would just be a puppet chancellor. With the failure of the previous chancellors, Hindenburg and Schleicher decided that they needed a chancellor with popular support, and the only force capable of this was the Nazi's.

  1. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic during 1918-1923.

    Roman slave - who led a revolt by slaves against the Romans.) wanted Germany to be run by workers. The Russian Revolution of 1917 inspired them. In the revolution the Russian people had gone against Tzar Nicholas II and had killed all his family, the people who had started the

  2. The Weimar Republic faced many crises in 1923 for a variety of reasons

    This resulted in money being practically useless and the development of a barter economy. This was caused by the unrestricted printing of money, forced by the economic pressure placed on the government by the passive resistance in the Ruhr, the size of the reparations and the payment for the people working in the government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work