• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What problems faced the new Republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What problems faced the new Republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923 ? Why did it survive ? The Weimar Republic faced a number of serious problems from it's birth in 1918 to 1923. These included a failed communist revolution, in the form of the spartacist risings, within months of the republic's inception, a number of right wing 'putsch's ( one of which was briefly successful ) and perhaps most seriously, certainly in the eyes of the ordinary, working class German, the inflationary crisis of 1923 which resulted in the German currency becoming virtually worthless, wiping out the spending power of the Weimar Republic as a country and also it's citizens. The Versailles Peace Treaty was, however, the main underlying catalyst for almost all of the Weimar Republic's most serious problems, with the possible exception of the attempted communist revolution of 1918-19. The Weimar Republic, almost as soon as it was established, immediately faced the threat of a possible large scale communist revolution. Although this large scale threat never quite materialised for a number of reasons, there was an eventual communist rising by the spartacists in January of 1919. ...read more.

Middle

The value of the of the republic's currency was almost instantaneously wiped out, which resulted in the massive reduction in spending power of the ordinary German citizen and the Weimar Republic as a country, resulting in the republic being unable to fulfil reparations payments to the allies in currency, meaning it had to pay in material goods which was further damaging to the republic's economy as it lost many saleable assets which could have brought in foreign currency, most of which still held it's normal value, and was unaffected by the inflationary crisis within the republic. However, the inflationary crisis also benefited a tiny minority of Germans, such as the industrialist Hugo Stinnes, who paid off many loans in the now worthless currency, while selling products abroad to gain foreign currency, which he then invested within the republic until he had an industrial empire so large that he controlled an estimated 20 percent of the Weimar Republic's industries. Overall though, hyperinflation was disastrous for the vast majority of the German people and for the country itself, whose economy was significantly damaged. The Treaty of Versailles was surely the single largest problem faced by the new Weimar Republic, due to the fact that it was the underlying ...read more.

Conclusion

nature of the republic, for example the mass protests against the right-wing Kapp putsch of 1921 in favour of the democratically elected left-wing socialist government and president, who were eventually returned to power, mostly as a result of these protests. Similarly, the lack of support of the working class for the right-wing was also important in the survival of the Weimar Republic, as the mass protests against the right-wing Kapp putsch, which had toppled the democratically elected socialist president and government, was instrumental in ensuring the Kapp putsch could not establish support and form a government, ensuring that the putsch failed and that the socialist government was returned to power. The lack of support from the army for right wing risings was also important in the survival of the Weimar Republic, as seen in the Kapp putsch of 1921 where if the support of the army had been gained, the putsch would have probably succeeded. The introduction of the renten-mark, replacing the valueless deutsch-mark, was also crucial in ending the inflationary crisis of 1923, which had nearly crippled the Weimar Republic, and was therefore also extremely important in the survival and relative stability of the Weimar Republic by the end of 1923. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    WL Shirer "It mattered not at all that the German Army, shrewdly and cowardly, had manoeuvred the... government into signing the armistice which the military leaders had insisted upon ... But millions of Germans refused to concede this. They had to find scapegoats for the defeat and for their humiliation and misery."

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face between 1919 and 1923?

    Germany lost Alsace-Lorraine to France in the agreement, this was an industrial area and vital to Germany's economy because it was an iron and steel producer. By loosing the district, Germany lost the profits from the land and also

  1. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic during 1918-1923.

    More trouble was yet to come, two days before Christmas, 1000 hungry and unpaid soldiers held Ebert prisoner. Ebert surrendered. The leaders of the Sparctacists were Rosa Luxemborg and Karl Liebknecht. They later renamed the Sparctacists the German Communist Party.

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    Also: o RM 60,000,000 = 1 US Dollar * October 20, 1923 General Alfred Mueller marches on Saxony to prevent a communist takeover. Also: o General Otto von Lossow in Bavaria is relieved of command by Berlin; he refuses. * October 23, 1923 Communist takeover of Hamburg * October 25,

  1. What were the main problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23?

    However, it could not control the circumstances and conditions in which it was forced to function. The Treaty Of Versailles, a peace treaty with the allies, meant harsh terms for Weimar; compulsory military service was to be abolished, the army was to be reduced from 600 000 to 100 000,

  2. Nazism and the New Age.

    von Lieberfels and Guido von List, after coming across their occultic-racist magazine _Ostara_ in Vienna. (Sklar, p.5. For samples of the typical copy published in _Ostara_, and how Hitler later echoes it, see p.17-22) Besides his publishing activities, Lanz was known for starting a society called the "Order of New Templars" which imitated the traditions of occultic Grail lore.

  1. The Weimar Republic faced many crises in 1923 for a variety of reasons

    This made the Weimar Republic not only look like traitors who gave in to the French, but also made them look weak and feeble. Because the Weimar Republic looked unstable and weak, the uprising of smaller parties as attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic became more common, such as events like the Munich Beer Hall putsch.

  2. How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and ...

    it not been for the Kapp Putsch, the German communist groups may have lain dormant a little while longer, or, perhaps, not have risen at all. During this time period, as much of an ?insidious threat?[1] the rightwing was, much greater mind was paid to the less powerful and less advantaged left.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work