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What problems faced the new Republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923

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Introduction

What problems faced the new Republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923 ? Why did it survive ? The Weimar Republic faced a number of serious problems from it's birth in 1918 to 1923. These included a failed communist revolution, in the form of the spartacist risings, within months of the republic's inception, a number of right wing 'putsch's ( one of which was briefly successful ) and perhaps most seriously, certainly in the eyes of the ordinary, working class German, the inflationary crisis of 1923 which resulted in the German currency becoming virtually worthless, wiping out the spending power of the Weimar Republic as a country and also it's citizens. The Versailles Peace Treaty was, however, the main underlying catalyst for almost all of the Weimar Republic's most serious problems, with the possible exception of the attempted communist revolution of 1918-19. The Weimar Republic, almost as soon as it was established, immediately faced the threat of a possible large scale communist revolution. Although this large scale threat never quite materialised for a number of reasons, there was an eventual communist rising by the spartacists in January of 1919. ...read more.

Middle

The value of the of the republic's currency was almost instantaneously wiped out, which resulted in the massive reduction in spending power of the ordinary German citizen and the Weimar Republic as a country, resulting in the republic being unable to fulfil reparations payments to the allies in currency, meaning it had to pay in material goods which was further damaging to the republic's economy as it lost many saleable assets which could have brought in foreign currency, most of which still held it's normal value, and was unaffected by the inflationary crisis within the republic. However, the inflationary crisis also benefited a tiny minority of Germans, such as the industrialist Hugo Stinnes, who paid off many loans in the now worthless currency, while selling products abroad to gain foreign currency, which he then invested within the republic until he had an industrial empire so large that he controlled an estimated 20 percent of the Weimar Republic's industries. Overall though, hyperinflation was disastrous for the vast majority of the German people and for the country itself, whose economy was significantly damaged. The Treaty of Versailles was surely the single largest problem faced by the new Weimar Republic, due to the fact that it was the underlying ...read more.

Conclusion

nature of the republic, for example the mass protests against the right-wing Kapp putsch of 1921 in favour of the democratically elected left-wing socialist government and president, who were eventually returned to power, mostly as a result of these protests. Similarly, the lack of support of the working class for the right-wing was also important in the survival of the Weimar Republic, as the mass protests against the right-wing Kapp putsch, which had toppled the democratically elected socialist president and government, was instrumental in ensuring the Kapp putsch could not establish support and form a government, ensuring that the putsch failed and that the socialist government was returned to power. The lack of support from the army for right wing risings was also important in the survival of the Weimar Republic, as seen in the Kapp putsch of 1921 where if the support of the army had been gained, the putsch would have probably succeeded. The introduction of the renten-mark, replacing the valueless deutsch-mark, was also crucial in ending the inflationary crisis of 1923, which had nearly crippled the Weimar Republic, and was therefore also extremely important in the survival and relative stability of the Weimar Republic by the end of 1923. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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