• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Problems Faced The Weimar Republic In 1918

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What problems faced the new republic from 1918 - 1923? Why did it survive? One of the most defining problems of Republic was the problems they faced from the left. The left wing activists were principally organised by the KPD and included hit squads such as the Red Veterans League. They were anti republic, anti democratic and wanted to establish a soviet state based on the Russian model (soviets and Red Guard). The first prominent event that faced the new republic was the Kiel Mutiny which took place on 30th October 1918. This formed part of the 'Revolution From Below' which was a revolution by the German people and not the elite. On the morning of October 30th 1918 sailors at the naval bases of Kiel and Wilhelmshaven refused to obey orders to launch one final attack on the British naval fleet. They refused to obey such orders as they believed it to be a suicide mission. Furthermore on November 2nd the sailors at these bases raised the red flag of communism; this mutiny did not only affect the naval bases of Kiel and Wilhelmshaven it further spread to ordinary German workers. ...read more.

Middle

This was an attempt to seize power and overthrow the republic. In March 1920 orders were issued for the disbandment of the Freikorps its leaders refused and appealed to General Luttwitz for support. He thus responded and called on President Ebert and Defence Minister Noske to stop the programme of troop reductions. When Ebert refused, Luttwitz ordered the Freikorp to march on Berlin and once again the government fled Berlin to Stuttgart. Noske called upon the army to suppress this putsch and they blatantly refused. General Von Seeckt told Noske "Reichswehr does not fire on Reichswehr" As the government fled it asked all of Germany's workers to come out on general strike in order to outnumber the Freikorps. This plea by the government was a massive success and with Germany paralysed the putsch failed. There were 2 main reasons why the Republic survived this putsch this was because of the working classes rallying to its defence and Kapp and Luttwitz only had support of a minority of the extreme right and many thought this putsch was ill timed and refused to join it; hence its failure. ...read more.

Conclusion

The working classes and some of the middle classes favoured stability rather than losing everything they had gained from the democratic route. Extremist groups were the minority in Germany's society and thus were not an overwhelming dominating power. The republic appeared to cope with economic crises and the burdens of reparations until 1929. In the late 1920s Germany had a stable currency, competitive interest rates and increasingly settled place within the international community and thus became a magnet for investment. Next loans were given to local authorities to build more homes for the working classes. In the times of 'good fortune' it was a good time to build on what had not been perfect times for the Weimar republic and thus gain 'friends' for the republic. Furthermore Gustav Stressemann brought about both survival and stability in the economy in the Dawes Plan of 1924 and the Young Plan of 1929. The economic stabilities of the 1920s didn't end their, industrial production of iron and steel exceeded pre war levels. New chemical and industrial industries helped boost the Weimar Republics economy additionally. From 1922 onwards Germany gained back some of its lost status which it had held so dearly before the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Reparations were set at: * �6,600 million OR 132,000 million Gold Marks and 10% of all profits made by German industry. c. Military i) Army * 100,000 men; * No conscription - all soldiers to be volunteers and professionals; * Light infantry and cavalry only (seven divisions of infantry, three

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    and unemployment pay. Also, 3 million new houses were built The problems Here is a chronological list of the problems faced by the Weimar Republic. Read through them and think about how you might group them according to political, economic and social problems.

  1. Why did the Weimar Republic face so many problems 1918 - 1923?

    They were mainly the people in power - those of a higher class. In 1920 the government ordered them to break up, as they saw them as a threat. Their help was no longer needed, as the risk from the left wingers was crushed.

  2. What were the main problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23?

    Weimar was ordered to provide all countries that sustained damages from the allies during the war with compensation, both financially and in the form of trade goods - this compensation was known as 'reparations'. There was also a loss of many German colonies; this meant the loss of many economic regions and negatively affected Weimar.

  1. What problems faced the new republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923? Why did ...

    The KPD believed that Weimar had not gone far enough and were aiming to provoke a socialist revolution, taking inspiration from Bolshevik Russia. The KPD called themselves the Spartacist League; they took this name from the ancient gladiator slave Spartacus who led a battle against the Romans.

  2. Why did the Nazis replace the Weimar Republic?

    But, Irving's view was not just the product of a rather sick mind. Indeed, one of the most famous historians of the Nazi period, Martin Broszak, believed that Hitler was "unwilling to take decisions, was frequently uncertain and was in some respects a weak dictator."

  1. Did the Weimar Republic have a good beginning?

    Consequently they were left with nothing. They blamed the government for this, and supported Weimar no longer. The working class supported the left wing parties. They didn't agree with the Weimar Republic because of the way they treated the Spartacists (German Communist Party) in 1919. The Communist revolution that would have made their lives better, was brutally put down by the government.

  2. The Beer Hall Putsch Sources Questions

    a table of the bill given to the nazis and D is a is written extract of Hitler speech. Source C is a bill sent to the nazi party by the owner of the Burgerbraukeller. This is useful because it gives us an idea of how many people was there

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work