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What steps did Germany and the Nazis take to create a Juden free state between 1933-1939?

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Introduction

What steps did Germany and the Nazis take to create a Judenfree state between 1933-1939? Key points * Steps taken to a Judenfree state * How much is this linked to philosophy? * Why did the Jews not leave Germany? * Is this a systematic and sustained policy? Adolph Hitler was appointed Chancellor in 1933. He came to power with many political ideologies and beliefs but without doubt at the core of his beliefs was his hatred of the Jewish faith and people. The hatred of the Jews however was also deep rooted in Germany. Here we will attempt to trace the steps towards a Judenfree state between 1933-1939. One of the first steps towards a Judenfree state was the Law for the Professionalisation of the civil service. This removed Jews from state service and stopped them from influencing Aryan children through education. Jews were also outlawed from joining or working in the police and any financial matters relating to the state. Another step was taken towards a Judenfree state in 1933 with the Law against the overcrowding of German schools. This limited Jewish numbers in any educational establishment to 1.5% in total. ...read more.

Middle

This would have been one of Hitler's aims as he blamed the Jews for the loss of World war one and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. It marked a very poignant day for German politics. No Jews in politics meant that they had no voice in the governing of the country (Volk). Further steps were also taken in 1935 to create a Judenfree state with the Law for the protection of the Hereditary Health of the German people. This demanded the registration of Alien races. It also forbid their intermarriage with Aryans. This was complimented by the definition of sexual intercourse formed the Nuremberg laws. It stripped the Jews of their nationality and helped ensure a purer Aryan race. 1936 saw the assassination of Gustloff, a German representative in Switzerland by David Frankfurter a Jewish student. This led to a law being passed in the Reich that for every Jewish misdemeanour every Jew shall be punished. However the Jews still felt that the persecution would stop once Hitler felt confident enough in power. 1936 also saw high-ranking civil servants begin to plan the enforced expulsion of all Jews from Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

It can be said that Anti-Semitism is deep-rooted in Nazi philosophy through Nietsche and Houston Stewart Chamberlain. I would therefore say that the events from 1933-39 were very much linked to philosophy not only through Anti-Semitism but also through the creation of a superior race and Volksgameinshaft. Another question which is very poignant with this period of history is why the Jews did not leave? As I have mentioned previously in this piece, the Jews felt that the persecution would stop once Hitler felt secure in power. With the death of Hindenburg in 1935 and the subsequent support of the army Hitler had this security. This however did not stop the Jewish persecution and little did they know that ten years from now six million of them would be slaughtered in concentration camps. Anti- Semitism was at the core of Nazi ideologies and beliefs. It was without doubt the most systematic and sustained policy of Nazi rule from 1933-1945. Nazi policy had it been allowed to continue past 1945 would undoubtedly have eliminated the whole of the Jewish community in Europe. However, it can also be said that it led to the defeat in World War one for Germany, as resources were pooled to eliminate the Jewish population and not to fighting the war. ...read more.

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