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What steps did the Allies take to punish the Nazis for their treatment of the Jews?

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Introduction

What steps did the Allies take to punish the Nazis for their treatment of the Jews? With Hitler seeing his luck in the war ending and losing the strong power he held over the German nation he still refused to negotiate with the Allies or to make any realistic defence by pulling back his troops from the front. He blamed everyone else for the ruin with which Germany now faced. He accused the German people of having gone soft and of being unworthy of victory. He considered that the other Nazi leaders were useless. Finally when the end was in sight, he returned to his more familiar theme of blaming the Jews for everything. At no time did he take any personal responsibility for Germanys destruction. Nor did he give a hint of regret for what had happened. With the Red Army pounding Berlin, Hitler retreated to a fortified bunker under his Chancellery, where he decided to commit suicide. On 30th April 1945, Hitler took cyanide and at the same time, shot himself. Goebbels ensured that the remains were burned, and then killed himself. The Third Reich survived Hitler for exactly one week and surrendered unconditionally on 7th May. Meanwhile the British, American and Soviet troops had found the evidence of mass killings and neglect in the extermination camps. ...read more.

Middle

The tribunal tried a group of leading Nazis, which included Haydrich's successor as chief of the Reich Main Security Office, and Hans Frank, the Governor - General of occupied Poland. Over the following months the prosecution then continued its task of detailing the whole history of Nazism. Emerging many details about the horrors of the Nazi persecution and death camps. A vast amount of what is now standard history was revealed the first time at Nuremberg. It is possible that the true horrors of the concentration camps would never fully be appreciated without the showing of an American film complied as the camps were liberated. Week after week, the case against the accused built up by the truckloads consisting of documents and eyewitness accounts. There were Himmlers orders for the enslavement and extermination of 'sub - human' races. There was Hans Frank's thirty-eight-volume diary, a history of murder, starvation and extermination, an unassailable indictment of its author. All the horrors of Nazi rule came out: the concentration camps, the experiments and the exterminations. In their cells, the prisoners were clearly shaken by what had been revealed. Even Goring admitted that things seem to have got out of hand, placing the blame more on Himmler than Hitler. ...read more.

Conclusion

The crimes involved were so enormous that the idea of there being no redress was never raised. Not everyone got away with the terrible things they inflicted on the Jews, such as, after the conclusion of the first Nuremberg trial, 12 more trials were held under the authority of Control Council Law No. 10, which closely resembled the London Agreement but provided the war crimes trials in each of the four zones of occupied Germany. About 185 individuals were indicted in the 12 cases. Those indicted included doctors who had conducted medical experiments on concentration camp inmates and prisoners of war, judges who had committed murder and other crimes under the guise of the judicial process, and industrialists who had participated in the looting of occupied countries and in the forced-labor program. Other persons indicted included SS officials, who had headed the concentration camps, administered the Nazi racial laws, and carried out the extermination of Jews and other groups in the eastern territories overrun by the German army; and high military and civilian officials who bore responsibility for these and other criminal acts and policies of the Third Reich. A number of doctors and SS leaders were condemned to death by hanging, and approximately 120 other defendants were given prison sentences of various durations; 35 defendants were acquitted. However many of the people were brought to justice there were still many, many others who weren't. ...read more.

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