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What was it like to live in Nazi Germany? How did life change for young people in Nazi Germany? Although Adolf Hitler was a very confident man

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Introduction

What was it like to live in Nazi Germany? How did life change for young people in Nazi Germany? Although Adolf Hitler was a very confident man even he knew that there would be some opposition to his plans. Therefore he decided to focus a lot on persuading the youth of Germany to support him. By teaching them Nazi beliefs and ideas Hitler believed that these beliefs would stay with them for the remainder of their lives and would then be fed to the next generation. It was the future which Hitler was concerned about, and Germany's youth was the future. Young people do not have as much knowledge or experience as adults and they are easily persuaded by propaganda so they will always be very important as they are easy targets. Also, Hitler could get rid of any present opposition by simply killing those who threatened him. But if he was going to succeed in the long run he would have to have full support, and therefore he had to make sure he had support of the young generation. When the Nazis came into power a young person's life changed dramatically, every aspect of their lives was now very much linked with Nazism. Hitler wanted children to be so loyal to him that they should treat him like a God. He wanted them to be more loyal to him than to their own parents. He told children to report their parents if they were in any way opposed to his ideas. This caused much conflict between parents and children. Education Education was very much influenced by Nazi propaganda and instead of being a school as such, it was more of a place to promote Nazism. Every lesson helped promote Nazi ideas and beliefs. In history children would learn about Germany's terrible history and how the 'November Criminals' had destroyed the country. They learnt how traumatic the 1920's were and how badly the Weimar government had dealt with the problems. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler wanted to build a large and strong army and as there were six million unemployed men many of these joined the army. It was not just soldiers that Hitler needed to build a big army, but he also needed men to produce weapons and ammunition. Already Hitler had reduced the number of unemployed in a very short amount of time. Public work schemes such as building new schools, houses and hospitals, extending or building new railways and planting new forests not only created more jobs but also improved the state of the country. The biggest public work scheme was the network of motorways (autobahns) that were built throughout the whole country. Between 1933 and 1938 over 3000 kilometres of autobahns were built. These were only a few projects that were introduced in order to help reduce unemployment. The men who worked on these schemes were from an organisation that Hitler set up when he came into power called the National Labour Service (RAD). These men lived in camps and had to wear a military uniform and they only got paid pocket money as wages. However, this was a great improvement for many of these men's lives. Because Hitler wanted a strong and independent army, Germany would not be able to rely on imported goods. Therefore Hitler encouraged scientists to invent substitutes for food and materials that were imported from different countries. Because these substitutes had to be made in Germany, this created even more jobs for the unemployed. Unemployment fell dramatically between 1933, when there were six million unemployed and in 1939 when there was just over three hundred thousand unemployed. However, this was not all due to the fact that new jobs were being created. Although the unemployed took over many of the jobs that the Jews previously had, the names of the Jews who, as a result of this, lost their jobs, they were not recorded and so Hitler's achievement in reducing unemployment is not as good as it looks. ...read more.

Conclusion

As more supplies were demanded factories had to work for longer hours and food rations were cut even further. The moral of the German people was diminishing by the week. At the beginning of 1942 Albert Speer, the armaments minister, was told to prepare the country for 'total war'. However, things got even worse for German civilians. The allies wanted to stop Germans from producing more supplies so they bombed factories. They also wanted to weaken the German's moral even further so that they would be forced to surrender, so they bombed cities. In February 1945 Dresden and Berlin were bombed, leaving the cities in ruins, 135,000 dead and millions starving and homeless. As one might expect opposition to the Nazis grew dramatically during the last year of the war. Despite the majority of Germans being desperate for the war to end, with over three million civilians dead, major shortages of basic foods and many cities bombed to ruins, Hitler did not give up. The Allies knew that there was something terrible happening to the Jews, but they were not aware of the scale of it. This is because what happened in the Concentration and death camps was kept secret and the Nazis made propaganda films showing how good the conditions were in these camps. As the Germans began realizing that they were not going to win the war a great effort was made to try and cover up the terrible atrocities that they had done to the Jews. Railways that had been built to transport the Jews into the Death camps were ripped up but this did not help very much at all because when the Allies found these camps they found thousands of abandoned starving Jews with diseases such as tuberculosis. SOURCES Source 1 - 'Hitler's Germany' from Longman's 20th century history series Source 2 - 'GCSE modern world history' book by Ben Walsh Source 3 - 'www.faqfarm.com' ?? ?? ?? ?? Name: Matthew Dathan Candidate Number: 9506 Centre Name: Elmfield, Stourbridge Centre number: 20564 1 ...read more.

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