• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the chance of peace in Northern Ireland prior to the good friday agreement?

Extracts from this document...


What Was The Chance Of Peace In Northern Ireland Prior To The Good Friday Agreement? Prior to the Good Friday Agreement there were many suggested solutions to how the problems in Northern Ireland would be solved. The two main problems that they faced in Northern Ireland were direct rule and the sectarian violence. From the amount of peace talks and negotiations between the feuding factions one would have thought that peace was imminent, however up until the Good Friday Agreement there were no developments taking Northern Ireland in to a more peaceful situation. The first attempts at peace began in 1973 at Sunningdale. The proposal for Sunningdale was to create a devolved power sharing Government in Northern Ireland with the power shared between the Nationalists and the Unionists. In all of the peace talks there have been five groups involved. The first two groups were the British and Irish Governments, they backed all of the proposals at Sunningdale due to necessity even though the British Government at the time wanted to keep Northern Ireland in the UK to please the Unionists and the Irish Government wanted a united Ireland, but by peaceful means. ...read more.


People were optimistic when the British and Irish Governments set up new proposals in 1982. They attempted to coax the political groups in to cooperation, in return for a return of power to a devolved administration and a Northern Ireland Assembly. The Nationalists, Republicans and the Unionists all had the opportunity to enter the Assembly, however only the Unionists joined along with the Alliance party. Both of the other two groups boycotted the assembly giving no support whatsoever. This made hopes for peace in the near future look bleak as with the Nationalists and Republicans pulling out of the Assembly it further separated them from the Unionists making them less likely to come to any kind of agreement. Two years later hopes rose again thanks to the New Ireland Forum, which was suggested by the Nationalists. As the Nationalists were the ones associated with the IRA who were causing most of the sectarian violence it looked well on their part as it showed they were willing to try for a peaceful political alternative. ...read more.


The British Government needed to push the Unionists towards the talks but also lets them warring groups decide between themselves when they did get to talking, not ruin the chances of peace for another few years like Thatcher had. Finally, they also needed to convince the Republicans that they were neutral and not pro-Nationalist as the Republicans were reluctant to trust the British Government as they had the same views as the Unionists. The Irish Government needed to do the same but vice versa as the Unionists were also reluctant to trust them due to their original views being the same as the Nationalists and Republicans, without the violence of course. In conclusion there was very little hope for peace prior to the Good Friday Agreement as the factions were moving further apart all the time also with their lack of trust of the Governments involved chances looked even slimmer. If all of the groups could make the changes that I mentioned then they would be in a situation to begin peace talks, but there would still be many obstacles to face before they came to any kind of agreement. Dan Bloomfield 101 Politics Ian Levinson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. How has Northern Ireland changed since the Good Friday Agreement, and what previous attempts ...

    are so crucial to the protestant community, yet offensive to Catholics, and an increasing worry is that unionists will eventually become too frustrated with the "erosion" of their culture, possibly resulting in loyalist paramilitaries entering the streets to show a violent march of force.

  2. Why has it been difficult to obtain peace in Northern Ireland?

    accepted for so long because of events such as this and the passion behind them. Nationalist do not want to share power with the murders of one of there heroes Bobby Sands, and do not want to share power with people that they considered caused through there unfair democracy such

  1. What are the chances for lasting peace in Ireland in 2006?

    first born son and instead it was divided equally among each male child. This subdivision therefore made potatoes the primary food source due to potatoes being the only crop that you could grow in sufficient quantities on a small holding.

  2. What Problems have arisen in the Peace Process since the Good Friday Agreement

    The peace process was going at a tough stage when Sinn Fein took part in the peace process, but did not help it by not giving making the IRA give up its weapons. Then the Unionists were at crises when they where divided because many people did not want to

  1. In Northern Ireland there are two main groups of people with different views and ...

    These Catholics were alienated and as un-employment was high, they were much more likely to be out of work that Protestants. The Protestants saw the partition as better than a united Ireland and they would try to make it work to their advantage, whereas the Catholics saw partition as wrong.

  2. What are the chances for lasting peace in Northern Ireland in 2004?

    William's army massacred James' troops at Boyne. Understandably, the Catholics aren't very pleased about what happened at Boyne, infact it is considered by many Irish Catholics to be a low point in the Religion's history. The Orange Order's marches during the marching season in July frequently if not always cause arguments between Catholics and Protestants, because the

  1. What are the main differences between the believes of the Unionists and the Nationalists?

    After 1690 Protestants made sure that they had complete control of Ireland. Ulster Protestants still celebrate the Battle of the Boyne today as William of Orange remains one of their heroes. Protestants prevented any further attempts by Catholics to regain power.

  2. Causes for peace initiatives that haven't succeeded

    in Northern Ireland when a term of the Good Friday Agreement was that the British government were to scale down the army's presence there. This has plagued the many of the peace initiatives as it is necessary for all parties to agree and form some sort of general consensus so the initiative can be instigated smoothly.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work