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What was the Cuban Missiles Crisis and how was it resolved?

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Introduction

What was the Cuban Missiles Crisis and how was it resolved? The Cuban Missiles crisis took place in 1962 due to a number of previous events. By 1960, both the USA and the USSR had enough nuclear missiles to wipe out each other and the rest of the world as well. This made both sides nervous and they worried about what would happen if their missiles were destroyed before they were able to use the. They also worried that nuclear missiles were not a final solution. These worries led to each side having nuclear deterrents, which would stop the enemy from using its missiles, by making sure that your own side could still strike back even after being attacked be nuclear weapons. This would result in both sides being wiped out. Cuba is a small island which lies about 90 miles off the USA coast. A dictator called General Batista ruled Cuba from 1952 to 1959. The USA supported Batista and provided him with arms, because if Cuba was at peace American businesses profited, as Americans ran most of the Cuban businesses. ...read more.

Middle

This disastrous operation made Castro become more popular and also he asked Khrushchev for help to defend Cuba. The USA did not want either of these things and they were now in a worse position than when they started. Soviet ships were seen going to Cuba, as American intelligence was now watching the island. Cubans who lived near the docks had been thrown out of their homes and soviet sentries watched over ships that were being unloaded. The USSR told the USA that they were supplying Castro with arms but said that they were only for Cuban defence and no other reason. The USA believed this, as they knew that if the USSR wanted to attack them they were quite capable of doing it from Russia. However when the CIA reported that they had seen missiles being set up in Cuba, pointing at America, it became very clear that Khrushchev had lied. Kennedy now had to make a decision about what to do next. He had to be very careful, as a wrong move could result in a nuclear war. ...read more.

Conclusion

On one occasion, the U.S navy boarded a USSR merchant ship but the USSR did not retaliate. On another occasion a U2 spy plane was shot down by the USSR, over Cuba and the USA took no action. The public was then told on October 28 that the USSR would remove its missiles form Cuba and that they would not install any more. In return the American blockade was ended and they promised not to invade Cuba. This only happened because Kennedy had struck a deal with the USSR, in secret. Kennedy would remove missiles from Europe if the USSR removed missiles from Cuba. No-one else4 knew about this. During the Cuban missile crisis the USA and the USSR had come dangerously close to a war and neither sides wanted to get into the same situation again. In 1963 a direct telephone line was set up between Moscow and Washington. It was a 'hot-line', which the two leaders could use to talk to each other directly, at just a few minutes notice. The Cuban missiles Crisis was very significant as although the world cam very close to a nuclear war, the result was that both the USA and the USSR would, in the future make every effort not to let this happen again. ...read more.

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