• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the Cuban Missiles Crisis and how was it resolved?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What was the Cuban Missiles Crisis and how was it resolved? The Cuban Missiles crisis took place in 1962 due to a number of previous events. By 1960, both the USA and the USSR had enough nuclear missiles to wipe out each other and the rest of the world as well. This made both sides nervous and they worried about what would happen if their missiles were destroyed before they were able to use the. They also worried that nuclear missiles were not a final solution. These worries led to each side having nuclear deterrents, which would stop the enemy from using its missiles, by making sure that your own side could still strike back even after being attacked be nuclear weapons. This would result in both sides being wiped out. Cuba is a small island which lies about 90 miles off the USA coast. A dictator called General Batista ruled Cuba from 1952 to 1959. The USA supported Batista and provided him with arms, because if Cuba was at peace American businesses profited, as Americans ran most of the Cuban businesses. ...read more.

Middle

This disastrous operation made Castro become more popular and also he asked Khrushchev for help to defend Cuba. The USA did not want either of these things and they were now in a worse position than when they started. Soviet ships were seen going to Cuba, as American intelligence was now watching the island. Cubans who lived near the docks had been thrown out of their homes and soviet sentries watched over ships that were being unloaded. The USSR told the USA that they were supplying Castro with arms but said that they were only for Cuban defence and no other reason. The USA believed this, as they knew that if the USSR wanted to attack them they were quite capable of doing it from Russia. However when the CIA reported that they had seen missiles being set up in Cuba, pointing at America, it became very clear that Khrushchev had lied. Kennedy now had to make a decision about what to do next. He had to be very careful, as a wrong move could result in a nuclear war. ...read more.

Conclusion

On one occasion, the U.S navy boarded a USSR merchant ship but the USSR did not retaliate. On another occasion a U2 spy plane was shot down by the USSR, over Cuba and the USA took no action. The public was then told on October 28 that the USSR would remove its missiles form Cuba and that they would not install any more. In return the American blockade was ended and they promised not to invade Cuba. This only happened because Kennedy had struck a deal with the USSR, in secret. Kennedy would remove missiles from Europe if the USSR removed missiles from Cuba. No-one else4 knew about this. During the Cuban missile crisis the USA and the USSR had come dangerously close to a war and neither sides wanted to get into the same situation again. In 1963 a direct telephone line was set up between Moscow and Washington. It was a 'hot-line', which the two leaders could use to talk to each other directly, at just a few minutes notice. The Cuban missiles Crisis was very significant as although the world cam very close to a nuclear war, the result was that both the USA and the USSR would, in the future make every effort not to let this happen again. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a turning point in Relations between the Superpowers?

    I find it hard to extract any weakness or cons in the policy and how the two powers adopted it for their use. **** Now I will attempt to draw out a final conclusion about the stated points, and argue whether "The Cuban Missile Crisis was a turning point in relations between the superpowers".

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    Kennedy did not want to look weak like he did with the Berlin Wall but he also didn't want to force the situation into an actual confrontation. "It isn't the first step that concerns me, but both sides escalating to the fourth or fifth steps, and we don't want to

  1. The relationship between the two superpowers of USA and Russia worsened between 1959 and ...

    Long term causes included, Russia's response to the Nato bases in Europe. America's nuclear missiles had been installed in Nato Bases in Turkey for some time, which were in range of Russia. In 1962 Russia installed missiles in Cuba in range of the USA.

  2. Suez Canal Crisis

    Of course Nasser would not see the point in this as what would it matter to him if Sir Eden killed himself? Although both sources are a good to show how much support Nasser was getting they are not completely reliable.

  1. Cuban missile crisis.

    It also hits home just how close we were to nuclear war; "The B-52 bomber force was ordered into the air fully loaded with atomic weapons." Kennedy decided to blockade Cuba for many reasons, not all apparent in the sources.

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Stopped Soviet Inferference in Eastern Euorpe and satellite states as well as Czechoslovakia and other Warsaw Pact countries Gorbachev was diplomatic, friendly and did things like ?dropped into young couple?s apartment homes for tea?. People even said that they wished perestroika would develop faster.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    the Cold War it was felt that a nuclear war would result in "mutually assured destruction" - an argument that this "balance of terror" may have helped to restrain the superpowers and esnure that they have always backed off from military confrontation.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    However, the most significant reason was because of Brezhnev?s fear of the disintegration of the Iron Curtain if Czechoslovakia left the Warsaw Pact. He may not have invaded if the threat wasn?t so serious. Explain why Berlin was a Cold War flashpoint in the years 1957-63 (12 marks)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work