• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the Cuban Missiles Crisis and how was it resolved?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What was the Cuban Missiles Crisis and how was it resolved? The Cuban Missiles crisis took place in 1962 due to a number of previous events. By 1960, both the USA and the USSR had enough nuclear missiles to wipe out each other and the rest of the world as well. This made both sides nervous and they worried about what would happen if their missiles were destroyed before they were able to use the. They also worried that nuclear missiles were not a final solution. These worries led to each side having nuclear deterrents, which would stop the enemy from using its missiles, by making sure that your own side could still strike back even after being attacked be nuclear weapons. This would result in both sides being wiped out. Cuba is a small island which lies about 90 miles off the USA coast. A dictator called General Batista ruled Cuba from 1952 to 1959. The USA supported Batista and provided him with arms, because if Cuba was at peace American businesses profited, as Americans ran most of the Cuban businesses. ...read more.

Middle

This disastrous operation made Castro become more popular and also he asked Khrushchev for help to defend Cuba. The USA did not want either of these things and they were now in a worse position than when they started. Soviet ships were seen going to Cuba, as American intelligence was now watching the island. Cubans who lived near the docks had been thrown out of their homes and soviet sentries watched over ships that were being unloaded. The USSR told the USA that they were supplying Castro with arms but said that they were only for Cuban defence and no other reason. The USA believed this, as they knew that if the USSR wanted to attack them they were quite capable of doing it from Russia. However when the CIA reported that they had seen missiles being set up in Cuba, pointing at America, it became very clear that Khrushchev had lied. Kennedy now had to make a decision about what to do next. He had to be very careful, as a wrong move could result in a nuclear war. ...read more.

Conclusion

On one occasion, the U.S navy boarded a USSR merchant ship but the USSR did not retaliate. On another occasion a U2 spy plane was shot down by the USSR, over Cuba and the USA took no action. The public was then told on October 28 that the USSR would remove its missiles form Cuba and that they would not install any more. In return the American blockade was ended and they promised not to invade Cuba. This only happened because Kennedy had struck a deal with the USSR, in secret. Kennedy would remove missiles from Europe if the USSR removed missiles from Cuba. No-one else4 knew about this. During the Cuban missile crisis the USA and the USSR had come dangerously close to a war and neither sides wanted to get into the same situation again. In 1963 a direct telephone line was set up between Moscow and Washington. It was a 'hot-line', which the two leaders could use to talk to each other directly, at just a few minutes notice. The Cuban missiles Crisis was very significant as although the world cam very close to a nuclear war, the result was that both the USA and the USSR would, in the future make every effort not to let this happen again. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The relationship between the two superpowers of USA and Russia worsened between 1959 and ...

    A second letter, sent the next day, took a harder line demanding that the American missiles on Turkey be removed. Therefore Kennedy didn't know how to respond and this made a crisis more likely.

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    The Soviets didn't have this, see source (A2i) and (A2ii) The Soviets could use the missiles on Cuba as a bargaining tool to get the Americans to remove their missiles from Turkey. Khrushchev could've been trying to improve his credibility in the Kremlin and also in China, a fellow communist country.

  1. Suez Canal Crisis

    Source E is a photograph of a large demonstration held in London at the time of the Suez Crisis. The Photograph shows people holding signs saying 'no war over Suez' and 'Stop Aggression, Eden must go!' Of course you can see that these people are against taking military action against Egypt.

  2. Q1.What were the Superpower relations like between 1945 and 1959, before the Cuban Missile ...

    Stalin argued "why wasn't he allowed to restrict the people when the British are doing the same wit the Greeks"? Therefore in 1948 Stalin ordered that there be a "Berlin Blockade". He sent out troops to block roads that led to Berlin, he did what ever he could to stop any means of communication between the West and the Americans.

  1. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a turning point in Relations between the Superpowers?

    The USSR did the same four years later in 1949, partly to rise up to the strength and capability of their adversary the US. Many more weapons with nuclear capabilities were developed over the coming years after the A-bomb, by the two superpowers, with even more advanced and moreover more destructive capabilities including the long range intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Eventually they both dropped their advisors and met privately. Noting was decided but this allowed: 1. Speed-up of arms talks 2. Work towards the abolition of chemical weapons 3. More active issues on human rights to be addressed A second meeting was arranged for October 1986 1986 started well but went downhill when they locked on the issue of the SDI system.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    The Berlin Wall physically cut off all communication between the East and West and kept the ideologies separate from each other. Another reason was because of the increased number of troops that moved into West Berlin after the Berlin Wall was constructed.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    changed significantly --> in 1949 USSR exploded its first atomic bomb, just 4 years after US had gained this advance. * The Korean War & America's new commitment to containing the spread of communism --> brought relaisation that US would nee to maintain large conventional forces.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work