• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the impact of the British army moving into Northern Ireland?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History question 1b Max Carter 11EB What was the impact of the British army moving into Northern Ireland? In 1969, the protestant unionist government lost control of recent events in Ireland. The Catholics were unable to trust the police or anyone for that matter as everyone around them was Protestant. Civil riots also took place, which caused the already bad situations to get even worse. It became so bad that eventually they barricaded themselves into a small area known as Bogside. After several violent marches which frequently sparked off riots including that of the Orange marches but more importantly the Apprentice Boys Parade, which was held to commemorate the remind the Catholics of the successful protestant siege of Londonderry. So after the violent riots and the fact that the Catholics were barricaded into Bogside, it was time for the British Army to move in. In this answer I will look further into the why the British were sent in and a number of other factors as well. Firstly, NICRA (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Activists) were a group of people who thought that there was too much discrimination between the Protestants and Catholics. From facts like these you might be able to see why: ? The police force was 6/7 protestant. ? Hartland and Wolff shipyards (who built the Titanic) employed 10,000 workers, and only 400 of those were Catholic Nationalists. ? Finally the Ulster Unionist party who were all Protestants dominated politics. ...read more.

Middle

The government spent �2,000,000 creating new jobs for the public and started to try to find an end to all the discrimination between the two communities. Other reforms which weren't so successful were also planned but failed and didn't even take off. The reason for this is that they were two slow and by the time they were getting looked at, the Nationalist Catholics were fed up and frustrated. Following these failed reforms and the Hunt Report, opinions on the British Army by the Catholics had changed and now the good first thoughts had become bad, this led to PIRA becoming popular. The Hunt Report, which I briefly mentioned above, was a report on the causes of the recent violence. It was a special investigation set up by the 'Hunt Commission' who was government owned. On October 10th the report made already awkward matters a lot worse by recommending that the RUC (Royal Irish Constabulary) should be disbanded and replaced by a new police force with Catholics as well as Protestants as the RUC was predominately Protestants. Also that the B-Specials who were a part timed, armed, volunteer police force should be scrapped and instead have the Ulster Defence Regiment who were a part time army regiment. However the worst part of the 'Hunt Report' was not any of the recommended changes but the fact that it was released on a Friday night, which was drinking night in Ireland. ...read more.

Conclusion

Following this policy, the army raided homes and 342 suspects 'listed' by the RUC special branch were arrested and imprisoned without trial. Only two of these were 342 were Protestant, which further shows the discrimination that was around at the time. 226 of the suspects were imprisoned in long H-Blocks at the Long Kesh Internment Camp and lots of the inmates were regularly physically beaten and the British Government was accused of breaking Article 17 on the Geneva Convention. There was just 30 deaths before Internment however after there was getting on for 150. This just shows me how violent and not forgiving the Internment Camp workers could be. However towards the end of the year, violence has started to die down a bit following the discovery of new weapons and ammunitions. Catholic support for PIRA was still ongoing and soaring. Sinn Fein campaigned for against Internment and warnings were issued to tourists saying: "Stay Out, Internment is now on!" After too many people failed to like Internment, it all collapsed and the British swiftly left Ireland. In conclusion I believe that the deployment of British troops into Ireland to sort out problems actually made things a lot worse from the current situation. It added a lot of tension between the sides and at the end of the campaign; the British were hated by both of them - Catholic and Protestant. Another impact of the deployment of the British army was that the PROVOs increased popularity because the CS that was used by the British created a feeling of togetherness between citizens. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    to show that they had the democratic mandate. And they took off in spectacular fashion. Remember, they started from a base of zero. But, within a few years they were taking 13.4% of the whole vote inside Northern Ireland. They were taking up to 40% of the Catholic vote.

  2. Northern Ireland Conflict-Religion vs. PoliticsThe conflict in Northern Ireland is likely one of the ...

    Understanding that population is key to any sort of peace agreement. That understanding lies in examining what motivates both sides of the conflict. The battle over land is one of the most common sources of conflict in history. It is not surprising then that it plays a role in this conflict.

  1. How successful were the British Government in brining peace to Ireland?

    This all began in 1972 when IRA prisoners were given special rights not to wear uniforms or do prison work, this angered the Protestants and when Margaret Thatcher became president in 1975 her opinion was that terrorists deserved no special privileges.

  2. to what extent was Ireland moving toward an Irish Ireland rather than a British ...

    At the turn of the decade (1870) The land act was introduced in parliament It would see the land situation in Ireland move from a territorial landlord system; To a state of owner occupancy. There were also bright clauses which allowed the tenant to buy their land.

  1. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    was set up to work out a process for decommissioning weapons and achieving a settlement which everyone could accept. Mitchell had enormous experience as a negotiator and peacemaker. In January of 1996 Senator Mitchell set out the 'Mitchell Principles', plan for achieving decommissioning of Paramilitary weapons.

  2. Why has it taken so long for the different groups in the peace process ...

    A short term example of the IRA's determination to fight is a senior member's statement, made in 1993: "We are determined to continue with resistance for as long as resistance is necessary...No one is advocating (defending) an unarmed strategy for removing Britain from Ireland."

  1. How has the PIRA attempted to re-unite Eire and Northern Ireland since 1972?

    The authorities had banned the march and so the army had erected banners to stop the march reaching the centre of Derry and the Guildhall. The army was also ordered to send in 'snatch squads' of soldiers to round up and arrest troublemakers.

  2. Why were British troops sent to Northern Ireland in 1969.

    Still today people march to celebrate The Orange Order, which came about after James II was thrown out of England in 1690's and fled to Ireland where he rose an army to attack the Protestants in Londonderry, but the new king William of Orange defeated James at the Battle of the Boyne.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work