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What was the impact of the treaty of Versailles on Germany?

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What was the Impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany? After the war was over the countries on the winning side decided that they should do something so that there was never another war of the same magnitude as World War I. The country that everyone blamed for the war was Germany, with the exception of Germany herself of course. It was decided that Germany should be punished for starting the terrible war so all the main allied powers met in Versailles to draw up what was to happen as a result of the war. The treaty had an immense impact over the present as well as the future political turmoil in Germany. The primary impact of the Treaty of Versailles was that Germany did suffer large territorial losses. She suffered the loss of the 'polish corridor' which was a violation of self-determination. The allies took many places, previously held by the Germans, away too. Germany also lost some of the territories of her own country. The French occupied Alsace-Lorraine, the polish occupied Zanzig which was an important port of Germany and the protection of Rhineland was handicapped with the demilitarisation of the area. ...read more.


The number of soldiers in they army could go up no further that 100,00 and must be maintained through a process of subscription rather than on a voluntary basis. The use of the navy, including submarines, and the air force was temporarily disallowed. This particular step taken by the allies is not particularly surprising at all because the European countries like Britain, France and Italy needed the active help of the USA to defeat Germany and so they were quite likely to take those steps to establish military security on the continent. The issue of financial burdens imposed on Germany as a compensation for the losses incurred by the Allies, termed 'reparations', and were most certainly an important impact of the Treaty of Versailles. Even before the Allies had drawn up a conclusion on the amount of money Germany should have to pay as compensation, Germany was having to pay a certain sum of money, amounting to nearly 100 million German Marks, which was considered unfair for a country still suffering from the consequences of a devastating defeat in a major war. ...read more.


The absence of the USA from the league removed a moderating influence on the treatment of Germany by the allies. Another argument is that the Treaty of Versailles fuelled the fire of resentment that the republic faced in its later years from the right wing extremists like that in 1919-1923 Kapp Putsch and Munich Putsch. In the longer term this hatred remained to be a strong factor in the rise of Adolf Hitler. It could be looked upon as the cause of the economic crisis in 1923 and 1929. In conclusion we might say that the Treaty of Versailles not only resulted in the loss of Germany's colonial position, the collapse of her economy and the breaking down of her military but also acted as a rallying point for right wing opposition for the newly born Weimar republic. The various impacts explained above gave strong grounds to the ultimate destructor of the Weimar republic-Adolf Hitler who cunningly manipulated the issue to win support from the German people. Little did Weimar authorities know that signing the Treaty of Versailles at those embarrassing terms would ultimately lead to the Weimar republic being doomed and therefore catalysing the rise of Hitler. Charlie Matthews 12CAS 07/05/2007 1 of 2 ...read more.

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