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What was the Industrial Revolution? & How did it change Britain?

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Inventions In 1769, James Watt sparked the Industrial Revolution. His steam engine's large cylinders posed a vexing problem. They had to be precise in interior size so that steam could not leak between cylinder and piston. John Wilkinson invented a precision horizontal-boring machine in 1775. Wilkinson's machine made efficient steam engines possible. The steam engine cylinder could not be manufactured until machine tools had been devised that were capable of producing accurate parts. Henry Maudslay developed the first engine lathe and developed an improved micrometer. Joseph Whitworth developed in 1830, a measuring instrument accurate to a millionth of an inch. During the Industrial Revolution working and living patterns changed dramatically For Example: Before the Industrial Revolution all weaving and fabric making was done at home many families created fabric for a living at home and it was no stressful easy life. During and after the Industrial Revolution all fabric work was done in big factories by big machines the man Sir Richard Arkwright was responsible for this. ...read more.


The workforce didn't like factory work they preferred work at home like before the revolution but though however much they liked work at home they had to work in factories because they could not make products as cheap or in as much quantity at home. Children were made to work as well, children and women worked, doing very laborious work in mines and factories nearly and as much as the men did. Employees doing work in factories and mines (manual labour) were paid very little and many accidents occurred due to lack of safety measures and carelessness. Factory and Mine owners didn't care about the safety or health of their works they were just interested in profits. An example of lack of safety measures and conditions of work places: A report from a mine in South Wales there were 75 cases of widowing and 38 cases of both husband and wife's death base left of mine under 7 inches of water and 15 death due to falling down ...read more.


Conclusion The Industrial Revolution was a time of dramatic change, from hand tools and handmade items, to products, which were mass-produced by machines not requiring even a touch of the hand to make products. It was a great time of advancement, introduction of new materials and new sources of energy. For most people the Industrial Revolution changed their lives for the better or worse. People moved to towns and worked in factories rather than working on the land in farms. The Industrial Revolution changed Britain a lot if destroyed the countryside to make towns, factories and houses. It had many bad points, it caused lots of pollution and made many peoples live terrible by making them work long hours in poor conditions at the time the only people who benefited from the Industrial Revolution at the time were the rich factory and mines owners who made lots and lots of money. With out the Industrial Revolution we would not have most of the technology we have today like trains and cars and big machines to make the products we use. Amit Karia 02 May 2007 ...read more.

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