• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the most important factor in Hitlers rise to power as Chancellor in January 1933?

Extracts from this document...


What was the most important factor in Hitler’s rise to power as Chancellor in January 1933? Hitler was appointed Chancellor in January 1933 as a result of a combination of interlinked factors; some acted over a long period of time, such as the harsh impact that the Treaty of Versailles had on Germany, but others some short-term in nature, such as the economic depression of 1929. I believe that the long-term animosity and bitterness felt by the German people was caused by the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles. This laid the groundwork for Hitler’s rise to power through the events that the treaty subsequently caused; thereby indirectly proving to be the most important factor in his rise to power. The Treaty of Versailles was a real issue in German society and many Germans disliked it. The most crippling of the terms were the war reparations as Germany was forced to pay for the damage the war had caused in France and Belgium. The cost was a massive sum of £6,600 million and in addition cost Germany 10% of its industry and 15% of its agricultural land, which made it very unlikely that Germany would ever be able to afford this immense payment. This soon resulted in inflation that sprouted hyperinflation, which made many people hate the Weimar Republic as they believed that it had absolutely no economic credibility and, overall, resulted in making the German people considerably poorer. ...read more.


After the Wall Street Crash in 1929, the Germans had to pay back the money they owed to America but this pressure was too much for both the German people and its fragile economy to bear. The Weimar government failed to do anything to stimulate domestic demand as they did not want to risk hyperinflation and also the structure of the Weimar government (and its propensity for coalitions) meant that it was impossible to pass any preventative measures to try to save their economy. The Great Depression in Germany caused the number of unemployed to grow and many people starved on the streets. In this crisis, people wanted someone to blame, and looked to extreme solutions in desperation. Hitler offered them both, and Nazi success in elections grew. The number of Nazi seats in the Reichstag rose from 12 in 1928, to 230 in July 1932. Weimar relied on being successful enough to stop people voting for extremism but, after two economic crises in quick succession, the German people had lost all confidence in Weimar and thought that it was not working. The effect of the economic depression was made worse due to the poor state that the German economy was in, as a result of the harsh economic sanctions invoked by the Treaty of Versailles. ...read more.


He appointed Hitler just at the point when his appeal was dropping as he had been overexposed and people were starting to see through his policies. Nevertheless, Hitler would never have been considered for the role of Chancellor had he not received the popular vote and the main reason why Hitler was popular was because of his extremist views on the Treaty of Versailles. It is very hard to decide on the most important factor in Hitler?s rise to power as Chancellor as the factors are deeply interlinked and dependent on each other. For instance if Germany had not lost the war and had to pay vast reparations, the effects of the Wall Street Crash wouldn't have been as disastrous. Conversely, had the Wall Street Crash not occurred, Germany would have most likely been able to continue paying reparations. However in my opinion the most important factor was the detrimental effects of the Treaty of Versailles because it put Germany in a position, both politically and economically, where extremism could thrive and provided Hitler with the framework for his policies that ultimately gave him the votes he needed to be appointed Chancellor. However, the most important cause that the Treaty of Versailles brought about was the connection between Weimar and the ?Stab in the Back? myth because once Weimar had stopped working, it was only a matter of time before Hitler would come to power. What was the most important factor in Hitler?s rise to power as Chancellor in January 1933? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How Important Was Hitler's Contribution to the Nazis' rise to Power by 1933?

    This is one thing Hitler made the Germans believe, he also made them believe that * The Germans were the master race, * The Germans biggest enemies were the Jews and the Communist parties in the Reichstag, * Germany must become the leading country in Europe once more even if it led to another war.

  2. How important was the Reichstag fire in Hitlers consolidation of power?

    Hitler saw Rohm as a potential threat to his newly acquired power so he decided to take him out along with all of the SA high command. Rohm had the support of the SA, the means and the qualities of a leader.

  1. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise in power?

    This was set up as an international "police force". Germany had wanted to be a first rate decision-making country but was not allowed to join the "club of winners". They deeply resented this snub. The Treaty of Versailles left Germany feeling angry, betrayed, desperate and humiliated. As the German newspaper Deutsche Zeitung stated "VENGEANCE, GERMAN NATION!

  2. Hitler's Rise to Power

    Hitler realized the need for a strong nationalist government. Therefore, he led a rebellious march in Munich on November 9th, 1923, in attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic. Although the march failed, Hitler not only gained fame from his trials but also learnt from the mistake and changed his approach, to gain support by boosting the German self-esteem.

  1. Hitlers rise to power

    Explain why he was a national figure by 1930. Adolf Hitler was born in Austria in 1889.He was close to his mother but had a very bad relationship with his father. When he was 16 he went to follow his dream of becoming an artist in Vienna whilst but living a rough life in Vienna between 1909 and 1914 Hitler formed a passionate hate towards 'Jews'.

  2. "How influential was Hitler's role in the rise of the Nazi Party 1920-1933?"

    Being a country boy in the big city Adolf became depressed and lonely as he was forced to study what he didn't want to and this was reflected upon his poor grades and thus being forced to stay back. Adolf continually argued with his father over his future career but

  1. What was the most important reason for Hitler's rise to power?

    However if the Wall Street Crash did not happened then the German democracy would have had a better chance of surviving. Hitler certainly used the hatred of the treaty as a tool to gain power. Hatred of the Weimar Republic is also a factor in Hitler's rise to power and its eventual collapse gave Hitler his opportunity.

  2. Questions and answers about Hitler's rise to power.

    Q2.Using some of the causes in the list, explain how both long-term and short-term causes contributed to Hitler's rise to power. A long-term cause that contributed to Hitler's rise is the Treaty of Versailles, this triggered off many things to help Hitler gain power over Germany.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work