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What was the nature of the Apartheid State?

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History Essay: What was the nature of the Apartheid State? The following piece of work will examine Apartheid which was a policy followed by the Afrikaner ?National Party? between 1948 and 1994. Apartheid was invoked in 1948 when the National Party got into power. Apartheid is derived for the Afrikaans word and its direct translation is ?apartness?. This was the racial segregation of Blacks and Whites. This was also when Black South African life?s started taking a downturn. Racism towards the Blacks had already been an issue that was fairly common amongst the Boers and Afrikaners even before 1948. The Afrikaners already had a superiority complex towards Blacks but as the apartheid starting taking place, it increased. The Afrikaners were given two choices, apartheid or integration. ? The choice before us is one of these two courses: either integration, which would in the long run amount to national suicide on the part of the whites; or ?apartheid ?, which claims to preserve the identity and safeguard the future of every race.? The White Afrikaners were economically uncertain; the worried about things such as work, towns and money. The Blacks were already taking over the skilled jobs and congregating around towns. This concerned the White Afrikaners greatly. ...read more.


Students were getting substandard education. The government had little budget set aside for the Black schools: less than 10% of the budget for white schools. Due to this, Black schools were often in bad condition and overcrowded. Students also did not get the attention they needed from teachers as there were too many students to a teacher: 1 teacher to 48 students. In 1945, a National Party politician said the following "We should not give the Natives any academic education. If we do, who is going to do the manual labour in the community??. This shows that the motive of the South African government for giving Blacks substandard they wanted to repress the Blacks growth as much as possible so that they would not have the means to grow towards a higher echelon. Blacks were not going to put up with an easy defeat by the government. There were people and organization who stood up for Black rights. Among them is The African National Congress(ANC). It was founded to protect Black rights by peaceful actions. The leaders of the ANC were mediocre Black men such as lawyers and ministers. The ANC later organized a campaign called The Freedom Charter. This encouraged the ANC to form links with other organisations who wanted freedom in South Africa. ...read more.


The government started making some lessons in the Black schools in Afrikaans. The students detested this. ?For young blacks, Afrikaans was the symbol of oppression: it was the language of white supremacy. ? After being oppressed, silence and watching their families suffer, Blacks students had a fairly good reason to abhor this language. In June 16, 20,000 secondary students boycotted their examinations and led a protest. The unbelievable happened. The policed started shooting and firing tear gas at children. The following three : Soweto Riot, imprisonment of Mandela and Massacre of Sharpeville are the examples of what the government did to try to repress their opposition. This was very visibly not effective other than killing some people. This only angered the Blacks more hence, their desire to take revenge is strengthened. It is therefore prudent to conclude that the apartheid was nothing but a detriment to South Africa. Religion, what is meant to be good and to unite people, was misused unsparingly for the unsubstantial aim: racism, violence and discrimination. It is one of the most immoral, unethical and unscrupulous acts done in human history. It made Black South African slaves in their own country and impaired the country as a society and as individuals. As the result, South Africa today is still battling as a nation to overcome the dreadful impact that the apartheid, who brought along so many other problems, weighs on them. By: Emily Chen ...read more.

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