• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Was the New Deal and What Measures Did Roosevelt Take To Get America Out of the Depression?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHAT WAS THE NEW DEAL AND WHAT MEASURES DID ROOSEVELT TAKE TO GET AMERICA OUT OF THE DEPRESSION? The New Deal was a series of acts that Roosevelt had enforced after the breakdown of the US economy, which became known as the Wall Street Crash. What followed was known as the depression, when people were to scared to buy into anything, and so the produce was there, just not the demand. The President at the time, Herbert Hoover, believed that the Depression was not actually as bad as it seemed, and he felt that he should not help the people, and that they should be left to get out of the economic rut themselves. Hoover's unpopularity was emphasised when he was not voted in to office for his second term of Presidency. Instead, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was voted in, a Democrat. The people were not sure if he could do any better than Hoover, but they were desperate. Their confidence in him paid off as he managed to turn the US economy around, and although many of his methods were controversial, he remained in office for 4 terms, longer than any other President. ...read more.

Middle

The government made money on this buy putting a tax on beer. Roosevelt started to set up numerous agencies to tackle the unemployment problem. One of the, the "Civilian Conservation Corps" (CCC), employed young men to work in the countryside doing conservation work. 250,000 young American men had been given jobs by August 1933. Another organisation that was set up, run by the infamous Harry Hopkins, the "Civil Works Administration" (CWA), managed to find work for 4 million people in only two months. These jobs only lasted the winter of 1933-34, as the CWA was disbanded after the winter. In 1935,Harry Hopkins set up the "Works Progress Administration" (WPA). It gave work to unskilled workers, and soon became the countries biggest employer. By employing 2 million people a year. It then started employing writers, painters, photographers and actors so that everyone was working and had an income. The "Public Works Administration" (PWA) was set up by Harold Ickes. He was careful as to how he spent the Governments money, and although his organisation achieved a lot, jobs were only available for the skilled and able-bodied. ...read more.

Conclusion

An organisation called the "National Recovery Administration" (NRA) was set up to make sure that workers were treated fairly and that they got paid. It introduced the minimum wage and made sure that workers had proper working conditions. Fair prices were set and child labour for under 16's was abolished. In return for signing onto the NRA, a company was then allowed to use the NRA logo to advertise its' products. It was thought of as a seal of quality. Roosevelt improved the situation immensely in his four terms as President of the United States. He turned the economy into a basis for the most powerful, and one of the most prosperous countries in the world. Mass unemployment had become a thing of the past by the end of his reign. He had given respect and confidence to the working man and gave rights to people so that they would not be exploited. People were given standards for their working conditions, and as the standard of living continued to rise, The U.S.A. became one of the most prosperous countries in the world, and this is possibly why it is known as "the land of opportunity." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    He also passed a 4 day Bank Holiday, in which he promised to clean up the crippled banking system, which had collapsed after many people had swiftly withdrawn all their savings for fear of more banks collapsing. This bank holiday was not really a "reform measure" as promised by Roosevelt,

  2. To What Extent Did The New Deal Pull America Out Of The Depression?

    This helped Farmers increase their income by controlling how much they produced. The National Industrial Recovery Act introduced codes of fair competition for industry and business. This scheme introduced the first minimum wage, which stopped people getting underpaid for the work they were doing.

  1. How did America Become Prosperous in the 1920(TM)s

    This means that workers can't stop work and may sometimes have to do the same uncomfortable movement over and over again. Workers were also not allowed unions, this prevented strike but made conditions worse. They would also put different ethnic minorities against each other for example if someone complained they would threaten to give their job to someone ells.

  2. How Successful was the New Deal 1933-1941 in Pulling America Out of the Economic ...

    After all, according to him Americans were all "Rugged individuals" and therefore could fight their way out of anything. Of course this was not entirely true and America needed some sort of aid from the government. The American Historian G B Tindall criticised the attempts made by Hoover to tackle

  1. The great depression.

    Knute Rockne and the four Horsemen from Notre Dame are still legendary to this day. Other dynasties were built at Southern Cal and Minnesota. To many, college football was a godsend during the Depression, offering the security of an education, and usually an on-campus job.

  2. Explain why Franklin Delano Roosevelt introduced the New Deal.

    However he had already begun doing this in his own state as Governor of New York. Furthermore he wasn't afraid to ask for advice on important issues from a wide range of experts such as factory owners, union leaders or economists.

  1. In the 1920's America was the richest and most powerful country in the world ...

    This had a disastrous knock on effect within the USA and panic set in. A billion dollars was withdrawn from banks all over the country. People either kept their money at home or in safe deposit boxes. Many Americans believed their only security was the currency, consequently a further 2294 banks closed in 1931.

  2. prohibition of alcohol in america

    in 1979 thus the writer knows the unsuccessfulness and consequences of the prohibition but still agrees with it. This reflects great support of the writer in agreement with the prohibition. The source refers to the people who disagree with the prohibition negatively as "gangsters" thus, again, shows further support for the ban.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work