• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Was the New Deal and What Measures Did Roosevelt Take To Get America Out of the Depression?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHAT WAS THE NEW DEAL AND WHAT MEASURES DID ROOSEVELT TAKE TO GET AMERICA OUT OF THE DEPRESSION? The New Deal was a series of acts that Roosevelt had enforced after the breakdown of the US economy, which became known as the Wall Street Crash. What followed was known as the depression, when people were to scared to buy into anything, and so the produce was there, just not the demand. The President at the time, Herbert Hoover, believed that the Depression was not actually as bad as it seemed, and he felt that he should not help the people, and that they should be left to get out of the economic rut themselves. Hoover's unpopularity was emphasised when he was not voted in to office for his second term of Presidency. Instead, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was voted in, a Democrat. The people were not sure if he could do any better than Hoover, but they were desperate. Their confidence in him paid off as he managed to turn the US economy around, and although many of his methods were controversial, he remained in office for 4 terms, longer than any other President. ...read more.

Middle

The government made money on this buy putting a tax on beer. Roosevelt started to set up numerous agencies to tackle the unemployment problem. One of the, the "Civilian Conservation Corps" (CCC), employed young men to work in the countryside doing conservation work. 250,000 young American men had been given jobs by August 1933. Another organisation that was set up, run by the infamous Harry Hopkins, the "Civil Works Administration" (CWA), managed to find work for 4 million people in only two months. These jobs only lasted the winter of 1933-34, as the CWA was disbanded after the winter. In 1935,Harry Hopkins set up the "Works Progress Administration" (WPA). It gave work to unskilled workers, and soon became the countries biggest employer. By employing 2 million people a year. It then started employing writers, painters, photographers and actors so that everyone was working and had an income. The "Public Works Administration" (PWA) was set up by Harold Ickes. He was careful as to how he spent the Governments money, and although his organisation achieved a lot, jobs were only available for the skilled and able-bodied. ...read more.

Conclusion

An organisation called the "National Recovery Administration" (NRA) was set up to make sure that workers were treated fairly and that they got paid. It introduced the minimum wage and made sure that workers had proper working conditions. Fair prices were set and child labour for under 16's was abolished. In return for signing onto the NRA, a company was then allowed to use the NRA logo to advertise its' products. It was thought of as a seal of quality. Roosevelt improved the situation immensely in his four terms as President of the United States. He turned the economy into a basis for the most powerful, and one of the most prosperous countries in the world. Mass unemployment had become a thing of the past by the end of his reign. He had given respect and confidence to the working man and gave rights to people so that they would not be exploited. People were given standards for their working conditions, and as the standard of living continued to rise, The U.S.A. became one of the most prosperous countries in the world, and this is possibly why it is known as "the land of opportunity." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    He also passed a 4 day Bank Holiday, in which he promised to clean up the crippled banking system, which had collapsed after many people had swiftly withdrawn all their savings for fear of more banks collapsing. This bank holiday was not really a "reform measure" as promised by Roosevelt,

  2. To What Extent Did The New Deal Pull America Out Of The Depression?

    the Civil Works Administration, which built roads, bridges, hospitals and basically enhanced the lives of Americans and improved the country. Another scheme was called the Civilian Conservation Corps, which was started to give jobs to unemployed young people. He also helped Farmers to rebuild their businesses and modernise them through laws called the Agricultural Adjustments Acts.

  1. How did America Become Prosperous in the 1920(TM)s

    Mass production did not just affect the car industry; it also affected the Consumer industry as well. Like with the car industry the consumer industry benefited with the invention of mass production to with higher profits. This allowed the average working class person to buy luxury items like vacuum cleaners

  2. How Successful was the New Deal 1933-1941 in Pulling America Out of the Economic ...

    The problem with everyone going into business for themselves is the market will undoubtedly be flooded and not be able to handle the extreme influx of buyers. Most of the events in this period were blamed on Hoover. It is true that when the country desperately needed government action, Hoover did not provide it.

  1. The great depression.

    So, if new stadiums were not built, teams were often forced to move to remain competitive. Such was the case of the Brooklyn Dodgers being moved from Brooklyn. to Los Angeles, and the Giants being moved from New York to San Francisco ("All Star Library."www.sportingnews.com/archives/allstar.html).

  2. Explain why Franklin Delano Roosevelt introduced the New Deal.

    There are three foremost reasons why Roosevelt succeeded in getting a victory over Hoover. Firstly, he believed strongly in 'active government' trying to improve the lives of ordinary people instead of sharing Hoover's beliefs of self help. Also, he had plans to spend public money on getting people back to work.

  1. In the 1920's America was the richest and most powerful country in the world ...

    In the spring of 1929 the stockbrokers in Wall Street were happy. Business was soaring. The Republican Party's Herbert Hoover had just been elected President. Hoover was a strong supporter of businessmen, as he believed that it was their hard work and knowledge that had made America so prosperous in the last few years.

  2. prohibition of alcohol in america

    However, the source can be criticised for being biased. It refers to the commissioners as great men who would save the American nation for the "evil" drink, but in reality most of the commissioners were bribed. In addition, the source was from a history book of America and was written

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work