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What was the role and significance of Joseph Goebbels in the Nazis regime 1933-45?

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Introduction

What was the role and significance of Joseph Goebbels in the Nazis regime 1933-45? Within the Fuhrer circle was a small group of 12 men, a "Kitchen" cabinet, whom Hitler had personally promoted to high office at national level. Nazis such as Goebbels had personal relationships between Hitler, which were mostly based on loyalty, and fear. They were also rewarded for their loyalty to Hitler rather than their abilities. Policies he contributed of the regime Goebbels became a secretary to a nationalist politician; it was here that he came into contact with the National Socialists. As a collaborator of Greg Strasser, he belonged to the social revolutionary North German wing of the party first. Goebbels joined the Nazis party in 1922, then became the party's expert on propaganda and was appointed Gualeiter of Berlin in 1926. Goebbels invented the "Hitler Myth", and published pamphlets and organised demonstrations and election campaigns. In January 1933 he was appointed Minister of propaganda and Popular Enlightenment. He included propaganda in every aspect of media such as newspapers, films, radio and arts. Goebbels used publicity to exploit the Reichstag fire in February 1933, the burning of books in May 1933 and the Berlin Olympics in 1936. ...read more.

Middle

He described his feelings for the Fuhrer as "holy and untouchable." Hitler's position was being formed by the positive endorsement from idolatry. Therefore Goebbels had in Hitler the ideal type to inspire a population. Goebbels seems to adore and admire Hitler, he is also trying to flatter him, and by doing this he will be in Hitler's favour as he is forming a good relationship with him. Therefore he will gain power and get to the top. Hitler rewarded his "faithful, unshakable shield hearer" at the beginning of Goebbels career by making him the partner and organizer of his private social life. However, there was always much distrust between Hitler and Goebbels because Goebbels always managed to adapt himself to circumstances as he came out surviving bad situations and seemed to make no mistakes, therefore this caused Hitler to distrust Goebbels. Goebbels had no conscience and only appeared in places where there were opportunities for power "...dependent upon an inner voice but upon an opportunist eye for the bigger battalions." Goebbels was not independent and had no personality however, he could think for himself and the party: "The only clear brain within the party Old Guard..." At the beginning of his rise to power as Gauleiter of Berlin he needed the SA's loyalty. ...read more.

Conclusion

He was able to maintain co-ordination in a short time and maintained it through all the phases of the regime. He had a promising beginning and continuously fell importance then towards the war he rose again. However, Goebbels career was a failure because he had a reputation for being a lair and he embraced Hitler's theory that a big lie was more credible than a smaller one. He also preferred to be cynical and brutal and appealed to the feelings of envy, revenge and arrogant pride. Goebbels was of great value to the Nazis regime because he was a skilled Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, made use of his intellectualism and he was associated and knew the right people. The history of Nazi Germany would not have been the same without him because he kept peoples morale's up so that there was increased support for the Nazis thus encouraging people to vote for Hitler. He made use of the newspapers to spread around anti-Semitism. The Kristallnact would never have happened without Goebbels because he managed to use the murder of Ernst Von Rath as an excuse to attack Jewish shops and businesses. However, you could say that he was no use to the Nazi Party because he was always in and out of favour and he could not be trusted due to his greed for power. ...read more.

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