• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Were the Causes of the 2nd World War.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE 2ND WORLD WAR? There were eight causes caused the 2nd world war. They were the bitterness of Treaty of Versailles, failure of the League of Nations, the Depression, the rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party; the policy of Appeasement, isolationism of the USA, Nazi-Soviet Pact and European war becomes World War. Firstly, Treaty of Versailles was too harsh for Germany. The British accepted that Germany had a right to be treated more fairly and to be accepted as a great power . Germany wanted revision of the treaty and spent the 1920's and 30's trying to released herself from the terms of the treaty. There were Treaty of Rappel in 1923, occupation of the Ruhr ,Dawes Plan 1924 and Young Plan 1929,Britain and Germany were happy to make the Anglo-German Naval agreement which allowed the Germans to build a navy 35% of Britain's. Later Hitler defied the Treaty of Versailles to sent the troops to the Rhineland .On 11 March 1938 the German army invaded Austria and wanted to take over Austria, also on 1 October in 1938 German troops marched into the Sudetenland, and the Czech President was forced to go into exile. The bitterness of the Treaty of Versailles may caused the German to upset the peace of Europe in 1930's. Secondly, the failure of the League of Nation. ...read more.

Middle

Besides the worldwide Depression, there was the Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party. Hitler was seen as the savior of Germany at the hard time of unemployment and the Depression. He got a great upsurge in support and finally took power in 1933 became the Chancellor of Germany. Germany would be reborn and become great again under Hitler's aggressive and expansionist foreign policy mainly aimed toward the east. It had mentioned in his book 'My Struggle', it says the German people needed more space or 'Lebensraum'. This space should be taken from Russian and other non-German of Eastern Europe. This was bound to lead to conflict with Russia. Germany also rearmed fast under Hitler. In February 1933, days after he came to power he instructed the German generals von.Fritsh, to end German disarmament and to 'create an army of the greatest possible strength'. Germany began a remarkable increase in its level of weaponry. By July 1933v tanks were being produced. The production of military aircraft rose from 36 planes in 1932 to 1938 planes in 1934 and 5112 planes in 1936. In 1935 Hitler introduced conscription, the number of the German soldier increased massively. The aggressive nationalism of Japan and Italy also made Europe and the far east much more volatile. The Anti-Comintern pact 1936 committed Germany & Japan to hostility towards the Soviet Union and Italy joined the pact in 1937. ...read more.

Conclusion

The pact was the single most important short-term cause of the Second World War. The occupation of the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 marked the end of appeasement and the realisation that Hitler could not be trusted and was an aggressor. In the so-called 'secret protocol'of the Nazi-Soviet Pact, Germany & Soviet Union agreed to carve up the territory that lay between their countires. Hitler knew that he could invade Poland without direct interference of USSR. In April 1939, Britain and France promised to defend Poland .Once Germany attacked, Britain would be forced to honour its guarantee to Poland. There was nothing Britain & France could do to save Poland, but it would mean war. The agreement between Stalin and Britain and France could not stop the invasion of Poland. As the Polish government did not want Soviet troops entering their territory on the way to fight the Germans. Poland was invaded by Germany 3 days after the Pact was signed. Britan and France declared war on Germany because they were forced to, Hitler had finally pushed them to the point at which they had to resist. Finally, when Japan bombed the American Naval Base at Pearl Harbour in December 1941, the US went to the war with Japan and its ally Germany. Britain had got lots of helps from US in the war. But eventually Germany made up its mind to declar war to US to support its Japanese ally. The war in Europe becomes the world war at the end . ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What were the causes of World War 2?

    In 1938 Neville Chamberlain followed the policy of appeasement. He let Hitler take over the Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia; this was called the Munich Agreement. The agreement was that Britain would allow Germany to take over the Sudetenland without a vote of any kind and that Britain and Germany would never go to war..

  2. How Penley became the site for the Polish Hospital.

    foot clear glass or plastic with the names of all the polish towns battles and camps inscribed on it that were involved with the war. No names will be inscribed on the memorial block because children, men, women, old and young all gave their own ultimate sacrifice, their lives!

  1. The Second World War had many causes, some of which spanned back over 20 ...

    along on their own, allowing Adolph Hitler to be left to his own devices in the hope of appeasing him simply because they couldn't control him.

  2. To what extent can it be argued that appeasement was the cause of the ...

    its government scattered to the winds, the oppression of the Nazi party doctrine imposed on a catholic population and upon the working classes of Austria and Vienna... But there are some things which I have not seen brought out in the public press...

  1. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    be undecided about his opinions on the incident and what the evidence suggests. He demonstrates this by making an explicit contradiction between two of the key ideas he expresses; whether Van der Lubbe was alone or not. In one piece of text, he states that 'The voluntary confessions of Van

  2. GCSE Coursework Assignment 2

    Source G is a cartoon that shows a Nazi SS officer and a woman who is tied up - this woman is a representation of the German people. It shows the German people having no say or no control over the violent actions of the Nazis.

  1. The Great War

    The purpose of Nazism was to cleanse the world of anyone that did not fit the description of the master race, according to them. The Aryan race was above all others on the hierarchy of mankind, with Jews, Slavs, and Gypsies at the bottom of this ladder.

  2. Nazi Germany Revision 1918-45

    1929 when Stresemann successfully negotiated the Young Plan which reduced the total payment of reparations and spread them out even further. As part of this agreement the French withdrew their military presence from the Rhineland. * Successes in foreign policy ? Locarno Treaties, League of Nations, Kellogg-Briand Pact.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work