• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Were the Causes of the 2nd World War.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE 2ND WORLD WAR? There were eight causes caused the 2nd world war. They were the bitterness of Treaty of Versailles, failure of the League of Nations, the Depression, the rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party; the policy of Appeasement, isolationism of the USA, Nazi-Soviet Pact and European war becomes World War. Firstly, Treaty of Versailles was too harsh for Germany. The British accepted that Germany had a right to be treated more fairly and to be accepted as a great power . Germany wanted revision of the treaty and spent the 1920's and 30's trying to released herself from the terms of the treaty. There were Treaty of Rappel in 1923, occupation of the Ruhr ,Dawes Plan 1924 and Young Plan 1929,Britain and Germany were happy to make the Anglo-German Naval agreement which allowed the Germans to build a navy 35% of Britain's. Later Hitler defied the Treaty of Versailles to sent the troops to the Rhineland .On 11 March 1938 the German army invaded Austria and wanted to take over Austria, also on 1 October in 1938 German troops marched into the Sudetenland, and the Czech President was forced to go into exile. The bitterness of the Treaty of Versailles may caused the German to upset the peace of Europe in 1930's. Secondly, the failure of the League of Nation. ...read more.

Middle

Besides the worldwide Depression, there was the Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party. Hitler was seen as the savior of Germany at the hard time of unemployment and the Depression. He got a great upsurge in support and finally took power in 1933 became the Chancellor of Germany. Germany would be reborn and become great again under Hitler's aggressive and expansionist foreign policy mainly aimed toward the east. It had mentioned in his book 'My Struggle', it says the German people needed more space or 'Lebensraum'. This space should be taken from Russian and other non-German of Eastern Europe. This was bound to lead to conflict with Russia. Germany also rearmed fast under Hitler. In February 1933, days after he came to power he instructed the German generals von.Fritsh, to end German disarmament and to 'create an army of the greatest possible strength'. Germany began a remarkable increase in its level of weaponry. By July 1933v tanks were being produced. The production of military aircraft rose from 36 planes in 1932 to 1938 planes in 1934 and 5112 planes in 1936. In 1935 Hitler introduced conscription, the number of the German soldier increased massively. The aggressive nationalism of Japan and Italy also made Europe and the far east much more volatile. The Anti-Comintern pact 1936 committed Germany & Japan to hostility towards the Soviet Union and Italy joined the pact in 1937. ...read more.

Conclusion

The pact was the single most important short-term cause of the Second World War. The occupation of the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 marked the end of appeasement and the realisation that Hitler could not be trusted and was an aggressor. In the so-called 'secret protocol'of the Nazi-Soviet Pact, Germany & Soviet Union agreed to carve up the territory that lay between their countires. Hitler knew that he could invade Poland without direct interference of USSR. In April 1939, Britain and France promised to defend Poland .Once Germany attacked, Britain would be forced to honour its guarantee to Poland. There was nothing Britain & France could do to save Poland, but it would mean war. The agreement between Stalin and Britain and France could not stop the invasion of Poland. As the Polish government did not want Soviet troops entering their territory on the way to fight the Germans. Poland was invaded by Germany 3 days after the Pact was signed. Britan and France declared war on Germany because they were forced to, Hitler had finally pushed them to the point at which they had to resist. Finally, when Japan bombed the American Naval Base at Pearl Harbour in December 1941, the US went to the war with Japan and its ally Germany. Britain had got lots of helps from US in the war. But eventually Germany made up its mind to declar war to US to support its Japanese ally. The war in Europe becomes the world war at the end . ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why did Britain and France pursue a policy of appeasement? Was it successful?

    Finally, it has been argued that there was no reason to believe that a war over Czechoslovakia would have been less destructive than the war over Poland. In the case of Poland, after the collapse of the Polish army, there was a lull of several months as both sides rearmed.

  2. What were the causes of World War 2?

    In 1938 Neville Chamberlain followed the policy of appeasement. He let Hitler take over the Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia; this was called the Munich Agreement. The agreement was that Britain would allow Germany to take over the Sudetenland without a vote of any kind and that Britain and Germany would never go to war..

  1. The Second World War had many causes, some of which spanned back over 20 ...

    along on their own, allowing Adolph Hitler to be left to his own devices in the hope of appeasing him simply because they couldn't control him.

  2. What were the causes of World War II?

    As the German population was growing Hitler said that the German nation needed more Lebensraum, which meant 'living space' in German. He was strong-minded to get Lebensraum by conquering land in Eastern Europe and enlarging a future empire that was soon top rule the world.

  1. Overview of Appeasement and Hitler's Foreign Policy (Causes of World War II)

    Japan then joined in the Anti-Comintern Pact. Ostensibly, the pact opposed communism, but in truth represented a diplomatic alliance between the three powers. The Anschluss of May 1938 illustrates another of Hitler's tactics - Nazi influence. Hitler, the epitome of the Nazi, could cause quite the ruckus from afar, simply due to Nazi brotherhood.

  2. what were the roots of the british policy of appeasement?

    Overy also criticises the Munich Agreement due to the fact that they had abandoned the Czechs. He did not see this as being moral. Despite the criticism, the Munich Agreement was approved by 369 votes to 150. In my opinion I believe the government had thought that this was the only other alternative to preserve peace and avoid a war.

  1. Assess the impact of the role of Paul von Hindenburg in the period following ...

    fat, allotted to them on a proper basis."2 As a military leader he stopped the allied advance in the west and consolidated the Hindenburg line. He was then transferred to the western front at the Somme and Verdun. It was here that armies had suffered heavy casualties, but Hindenburg was

  2. Nazi Germany Revision 1918-45

    He enlisted the support of war-hero Ludendorff. Confident that he had the support of the right-wing head of the Bavarian government, Kahr (on 8 Nov Hitler had hi-jacked a political meeting in a Munich Beer Hall, and there declared the start of the revolution), the Nazis marched into Munich on 9 Nov.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work