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What were the Causes of the First World War?

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Introduction

What were the Causes of the First World War? Thursday, 03 May 2007 There were many reasons why war broke out on the 28th July 1914. This was not the only date that it became a 'World War'. Austro-Hungary declared war on Serbia and from then it was a knock on effect. The War did not start just because of one assignation. The tension in mainland Europe had been building up for many decades. Everyone involved was waiting for was the ultimate trigger. One of the major long-term causes was the alliance system. Eventually the small war between two small countries resulted in world war because of the alliance system. The Franco Prussian War (1870 -1) was a major contributor to the 1st World War. The Treaty of Frankfurt (1871) ended the war but induced some extreme penalties upon France. Germany (was Prussia) took the two French provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, tempting because of their strategic position as well as rich iron and coalfields. This caused immense tension between the French living there and the German occupying soldiers. France wanted severe revenge for the loss of life and land. Slowly but surely smaller alliances grew in size and amount of countries involved in them. ...read more.

Middle

In 1907, as predicted in 1904, the 'Triple Entente' was set up between Russia, Britain and France. It further isolated Germany because she was 'surrounded'. This entente 'closed the circle'. The Naval Arms race was another major cause long-term cause of World War One. Admiral von Tirpitz was the creator of the German navy. Tirpitz believed that if Germany was to be a 'genuine' world power she had to have a massive navy that would challenge Britain's. Tirpitz believed that Germany's navy would not drive Britain into a hostile alliance with them but quite the contrary. They believed it would make an Anglo-German alliance more likely. Unfornatually Britain reacted very differently than expected. Britain felt threatened by the growth of Germany's navy and it pushed Britain even more into the hands of Germany's enemies. In 1906 Britain accelerated the navel arms race by launching the first 'Dreadnought' type battleship. Admiral Fisher of the Royal Navy believed that it would give Britain such a lead that Germany may stop in the naval arms race all together. The Dreadnought class was faster, better armed with guns that could fire further and more accurately than any other battle ship in the worlds. It could sink any rival before their guns came into range of the dreadnought. ...read more.

Conclusion

The main result of the Balkan war was that turkey lost most of its empire, Serbia and Greece gained more land. Most of the causes of the 1st world war were because of long term tension going back decades, but some causes, and the trigger, only go back a couple of days. On Sunday the 28th of June 1914 the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia along with his wife. Serbia had planed to assassinate Ferdinand on this trip to see his army, which was on, manuvers. Due to the driver getting lost it gave Gavrillo Princip a chance to shoot the duke and his wife. This one shot allowed Austro-Hungary to issue a strong ultimatum, which Austria knew that Serbia would not accept. So with the support of Russia, Serbia rejected the ultimatum and Austro- Hungary declared war on Serbia. After the assignation war broke out very quickly. At first it was just two countries but then because of the alliance systems this "War" quickly escalated into a "World War" because of the alliances between most of Europe. The 1st World War was a horrific event in the span of history resulting in the loss of millions of lives. A Hotel in Verdun: Cloister of the Hotel de la Princerie And After Death and Destruction A field of dead French and German troops near Champagne Ross Clabburn ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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